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Freud's Iceberg Theory

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by

Tony Ramos

on 16 March 2014

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Transcript of Freud's Iceberg Theory

Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud believed that behavior and personality derives from the constant and unique interaction of conflicting psychological forces that operate at three different levels of awareness: the pre-conscious, the conscious, and the unconscious. Personality is also composed of three elements. These three elements of personality--known as the id, the ego and the superego--work together to create complex human behaviors.
Theory
The iceberg is just a visual representation of human behavior and personality. It has two representations; structural, and topographical.
Freud's Iceberg Theory
Who is Sigmund Freud?
Father of Psychoanalyst
Psychology's most famous figure is also one of the most influential and controversial thinkers of the twentieth century. Freud's work and theories helped shape our views of childhood, personality, memory, sexuality and therapy.
Structural
Ego
Superego
Id
controls expression of id to adapt to world via DEFENSE MECHANISMS enables ability to sustain satisfying INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS reality testing (evaluate what is valid, then adapt to reality)
sexual, aggressive drives controlled by PRIMARY process thinking (pleasure, wish fulfillment, primitive drives) not influenced by external reality
moral values, conscious also controls expression of id
Topographical
Conscious
Subconscious
Unconscious
repressed thoughts, feelings; NOT AVAIL to conscious mind; PRIMARY process thinking (primitive drive's wish fulfillment, pleasure-seeking, no log or concept of time)
memories that can be accessed easily (though is not currently at the forefront of our brain, i.e. not immed avail)
thoughts a person is CURRENTLY aware of; SECONDARY process thinking (logical, mature, time-oriented); can delay gratification
Conscious
Subconscious
ego
superego
id
Unconscious
Conclusion
References:
http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htm

http://quizlet.com/10546252/freuds-theories-of-mind-topographic-unconscious-preconscious-conscious-and-structural-id-ego-superego-brs-flash-cards/
Full transcript