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Jean Piaget

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Amelia Buchanan

on 7 December 2014

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Transcript of Jean Piaget

Who is Jean Piaget?
Born in Switzerland in 1896.
Began his career as a researcher when he was 11.
1920’s: Began his work as a psychologist.
First psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development.
Concluded that children think differently than adults.

Assimilation and Accommodation
Using an existing schema to deal with a new object or situation.
Example: “All furry four legged animals are dogs”

This happens when the existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.
New schemas may be developed in this process.
Example: “Not all furry four legged animals are dogs, some are cats”.

Activating the Schema
Schema is the basic building block of intelligent behavior.
It builds upon prior knowledge based on experiences and interactions.
Piaget believed that newborn babies are born with a small number of innate schemas.
Example: Sucking reflex which is triggered by something touching the baby's lips like the mom's nipple.
Discussion questions
1. Summarize Piaget’s stages of development.
2. How would you use Piaget’s theories in your own classroom?
3. Is there anything about Piaget’s theory that you can critique? Anything about his theory that you support?
4. While Piaget only observed children of high socioeconomic backgrounds, do you feel the results are the same for children of low-middle class backgrounds? Why or why not?
5. How could our presentation on the theorist Jean Piaget have been better demonstrated?

Stages of development
Jean Piaget
How do they work together?
So, What does all of this mean
for you?
Stage 1- Sensorimotor Stage

Stage 2- Preoperational Stage

Stage 3- Concrete Operational Stage

Stage 4- Formal operational Stage
Stage 1- Sensorimotor
birth to age 2
Infants and toddlers acquire knowledge through sensory
Stage 2- Preoperational Stage
Ages 2-7
Kids learn through pretend play which is their
magical thinking
Children are very
(struggle with logic and taking the point of view of other people.)
Stage 3- Concrete Operational Stage
Ages 7-11
Kids at this point of development begin to think more logically (egocentric thinking diminishes)
Their thinking can also be very rigid, struggle with abstract and hypothetical concepts.
Example of child at this stage- Child will understand her dog is a Labrador, a Labrador is a dog, and a dog is an animal.
Stage 4- Formal Operational Stage
Age Adolescence into Adulthood
Increase in logic, the ability to use deductive reasoning and an understanding of abstract ideas
Three Basic Components To Piaget's Cognitive Theory
(building blocks of knowledge)
Adaptation processes that enable the transition

from one stage to another
(Assimilation and accomodation)
Stages of Development
• sensorimotor
• preoperational
• concrete operational
• formal operational

transition from stage 2
to stage 3
cup experiment
This video shows a child in
stage 2
, the child does not have an understanding of conservation (which is why he thought there is more water in taller cup)
stage 3
, the older child understood conservation which is why he realized both the tall and short cups have the same amount of water.
According to Piaget, best practices for effective learning include:
Discovery learning
Developmentally appropriate curriculum
Learning through play
Social interaction
Maximize curiosity
Minimize frustration
Hope you enjoyed our presentation on Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory!
Amelia Buchanan, Andrea Penafiel, Samantha Wisdom and Tracy Eldred
During the preoperational stage, Piaget demonstrated a child's egocentrism in a mountain experiment.
This experiment shows the child is unable to understand the other person's perspective.

How to implement this into your classroom
Activate the children's prior knowledge
Model, Model, Model!
Scaffold the new lesson by slowly giving the children control
Allow the children to ask questions so they can assimilate and accommodate the new information
In this presentation, you saw an experiment demonstrating the difference between stage 2 and stage 3 of Piaget's theory of conservation. Create an activity similar to the cup experiment that would be effective in assessing a child's stage.
Activity to bring home
Full transcript