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Parents Influence Deviance
Transcript of Parents Influence Deviance
Parenting style and family structure heavily influence deviant behaviors in children and adolescents. Stable, two parent families with great communication, bonding, monitoring, and discipline have the greatest chances of not raising children to become deviant.
Children Model Their Parents
Starting at infancy, parents set an example for their children. They influence behavior through attitude and behavior (Yahaya, et al. 2).
When parents have high self esteem and are a link to positive reinforcement, the child will also have high self-esteem. (Carlson 44).
Past their homes, children will model this behavior and present it to the rest of the society. If a household creates an abnormal living environment, the child will consider it normal and further it in the community.
Divorce is a major cause of conflict between parents and child. This event causes stress to the child from the unstable environment and the creation of two households (Carlson 45).
Weaker bonds with both parents after divorce leaves room for ineffective parenting through lack of monitoring and communication (Carlson 45).
The parent not living with the child can create conflict because of his or her need for control and inability to obtain it. This leads to overcompensation and can create deviance in a defiant child (Shih, 90).
can be largely influenced in children and adolescents through negative attachment to their parents.
Parents directly and indirectly affect the behavior of their children (Carlson 42).
What is the most effective parenting style?
Parenting Theories on Deviance
Social Disorganization Theory: Delinquency in adolescents increases when a community's social control deteriorates (Carlson 43). Parents who have strong ties to the community and to the other adults in the community will increase the supervision of children and altogether lead to less deviant behaviors.
Bowlby's Attachment Theory: Parents have to give attention to their children in order for them to be able to form relationships in the future. Without this attention, a child will be at a higher probability to perform deviant acts and to form unhealthy relationships (Green 1).
Strain Theory: Deviance comes from not reaching important goals(Carlson 45). For a child, these goals are receiving love and support from their parents.
Positive Parenting Styles & Attachment
Positive parenting starts with appropriate discipline, monitoring, and communication (Carlson 44).
Bonding in a parent-child relationship is crucial. Strong bonds build self-control, which decreases the likelihood of deviant behavior (Carlson 44). They also lead to better communication and the child will care more about his or her parent's opinions when it comes to choosing peers. When the relationship lacks bonds, the child could have difficulties in school and struggle in forming positive relationships (Carlson 47).
Secure parental attachment leads to less high risk behaviors, fewer mental health problems, and better social skills (Green 2).
Negative Parenting Styles
Excessive punishment increases deviant behavior because the child will feel like he or she is being unfairly treated (Carlson 44).
Coercive Parenting: Inconsistent threats or anger that parents direct with little or no follow-through come from coercive parenting (Carlson 44). In this parenting style, weak bonds are created because of the lack of positive reinforcement or punishment for specific behaviors. This leads to more deviant behaviors. Juvenile offenders more typically came from such homes with little support, discipline, and monitoring (Carlson 45).
Communication is a large part of child development and an important part of a family bond. Parents that do not properly communicate with their children can hinder his or her ability to socialize. Lack of communication also leads a child to become angry and defensive and deny responsibilities (Carlson 44).
Domestic & Child Abuse
"Parents physical behavior is the most influential with the highest mean among the three aspects, which are, physical behavior, verbal, and social" (Azizi, et al. 1).
Children raised in a household of abusive spouses are at a high risk of becoming a victim of abuse and also becoming violent in their own interpersonal relationships (Norwood, et al. II-8-5).
Once a child is victimized by abuse, it can be an incredibly traumatizing experience that increases his or her probability of exhibiting deviant behaviors. This is because the parents set the norms for a child from an early age, even if they are not considered normal in our society (Green 2).
Choice of Peers
How does parenting affect a child's behavior?
"Studies...showed that 81.03% school students were involved in offences which can be traced to family factor" (Azizi, et al. 2).
Avoidant attachment: When a child avoids parents. This leads to the child having low self esteem and possible abandonment fears (Green 2).
Large parental attachment can lead to separation anxiety, aggression, and hostility (Green 2). This leads to unhealthy behaviors and increased deviance in the children. Some of the significant effects are substance abuse, paranoia, schizophrenia, and narcissism (Green 3).
Less secure attachment (little attachment to parents) leaves the child with increased emotional and mental problems from the neglect and lack of support. Children can become depressed, anti-social, and deviant. This leaves room for influence by delinquent peers (Green 2).
"Adolescents growing p in single-parent families tend to have more deviant behavior than others (Shih, 90).
Social Control Theory: States that two parents are better able to manage their children (Carlson 46). Children with more parenting form greater bonds and decrease deviant acts.
Single-parent families make it difficult to keep children monitored. This leads to the increase in deviant acts.
A study showed that the more single-parent families there were in one neighborhood the more risk of committing violence there was (Carlson 46).
What is the most effective parenting style?
Parents Influence Deviance in Children