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Alternative Fuels

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by

Rei Low

on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuels The Problem!
Our Address to You Our Advice to the President Gasoline Fuel Methanol Fuel Bio-Diesel Chemical Formula:C19H34O2-Methyl Linoleate...Ethyl Stearate- C20H40O2 Our Alternative Fuel Choice Today's economy relies heavily on gasoline to power our transportation options.
Although it achieves great mileage, it is rapidly destroying our environment and poisoning our atmosphere. We need to dedicate our funding into promoting green fuel consumption NOW. Balanced Equation/ Combustion Reaction:
2 CH3OH (l) + 3 O2 (g) ----> 2 CO2 (g) + 4 H2O (g) Zhamm. "Triangle Biofuels Blog." Triangle Biofuels Blog. Triangle Biofuels Blog, 30 Aug. 2006. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.trianglebiofuels.com/blog/?p=18>.
"Biodiesel Frequently Asked Questions." Biodiesel Frequently Asked Questions. Biodieselgear.com, 7 July 2008. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.biodieselgear.com/faq.htm>. -It is an alcohol based bio-fuel, that burns cleaner and is 20% more powerful than gasoline.
-It is produced from mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen during the chemical process. -Bio-Diesel is made from vegetable oils, obtained from oilseed rape, palm oil, or animal fats. -It is an alcohol based bio-fuel that burns cleaner and is 20% more powerful than gasoline. -Methanol is produced from mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen during the chemical process.
- It also produced through the process of steam and compression -The Shelby Cobra with a 351 engine is one of the few cars, besides formula cars, that runs on methanol. Chemical Equation Pros Cons -Methanol is expensive compared to gasoline. -Producing methanol from natural gas results in a net increase of CO2, hastening global warming. -Extremely corrosive, and requires special materials for storage and delivery -Excessively has to burn more than gasoline, and its miles per gallon ratio is worse than Ethanol.
- Has lower energy content than gasoline.
- It is not flickery enough to start an engine. -It has a lower flammability risk -Methanol is produced from natural gas, oil and coal -It offers lower exhaust emissions and higher vehicle performance. -Burns cleaner than gasoline and does not harm the environment or contribute much to global warming.
- Methanol is renewable and
sustainable
- Has a one hundred octane
rating Citations -Jilani. "Difference Between Methanol and Gasoline." KnowsWhy. October 11, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/difference-between-methanol-and-gasoline/ >. -Gable, Christine, and Scott Gable. "Methanol 101: What Is it?" About.com Hybrid Cars & Alt Fuels. About.Com, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://alternativefuels.about.com/od/methanol/a/methanol101.htm>. -"Pros and Cons of Methanol Fuel." Pros and Cons of Methanol Fuel. Bionomicfuel.com, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.bionomicfuel.com/pros-and-cons-of-methanol-fuel/>. Methane Slides -A primary fuel, used to power our cars. -Produced by the fractional distillation of crude oil or petroleum. -Made up of molecules composed of nothing but hydrogen and carbon arranged in chains. -Gasoline is lightweight, and requires less space for fuel storage when compared methanol. Chemical Equation Balanced Equation/Combustion Reaction
2C8H18 + 25O2 ~> 16CO2 + 18H2O Pros Cons -When burned, it produces:
Carbon monoxide: poisonous gas
Nitrogen oxides: source of urban smog
Unburned hydrocarbons: source of urban ozone -Even at the rapidly rising cost, it is still cheaper than any other fuel -Many people have a car that only runs on petrol, so it's cheaper to keep buying gasoline, than to buy a new vehicle that runs on some other form of energy. -High performance rate than other fuels -Gasoline Vapors, if inhaled often, can lead to respiratory problems. Large amounts can lead to coma and or death -Cars running on Gasoline, produce large amounts of carbon dioxide that contributes heavily to global warming and melting ice caps Citations Gasoline Fuel -Brain, Marshall. "How Gasoline Works." HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/gasoline.htm>. -"Gasoline Fact Sheet." Gasoline Fact Sheet. Illinois Department of Public Health, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/factsheets/gasoline.htm>. - "Natural Gas and the Environment." NaturalGas.org. NaturalGas.org, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.naturalgas.org/environment/naturalgas.asp>. Chemical Equation Balanced Equation/ Combustion Equation: C2H5OH + 3 O2 = Heat = > 2 CO2 + 3 H2O Bio-diesel is made through a chemical process called transesterification where the glycerin is separated from the fat or vegetable oil. -Ex: Vegetable or used Fry Oil Pros It is made from renewable resources and has lower emissions compared to petroleum diesel. It is less toxic than table salt and biodegrades as fast as sugar Its use decreases our dependence on foreign oil and contributes to our own economy. Produces less pollution in the air as compared to the burning of fossil fuels. Bio-Diesel is cheaper compared to other fossil fuels. Cons Bio-Diesel isn't compatible with all existing cars, especially with older models. Bio-Diesel is more expensive to produce. Bio-diesel gels at higher temperatures than Petro-diesel, so tanks require heating in cooler climates. Citations Bio-Diesel Many Bio-diesel choices are extremely flammable To President. Obama, we would like you to invest our taxes to the further research and development towards bio-diesel.
It is better to start development now, as fossil fuels are predicted to run dry in the near future, Made by: Rachel Low....... Canaan Tadesse..... And Gabrielle Goloubow Chem Book: Zumdahl, Steven S., Susan L. Zumdahl, and Donald J. DeCoste. "Page: 265." World of Chemistry. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2007. N. pag. Print. Engines are less noisy and last longer By 2020, the majority of cars should run on bio diesel or other types of alternative fuel sources.
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