Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Food and Farm Innovation


Evan Weinberg

on 12 January 2012

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Food and Farm Innovation

QUARTER/QUARTER APPROACH INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS The language found in Official Plans and zoning bylaws plays a key role in
what uses are permitted and what are not permitted. It has a direct impact
on the ability of farmers to innovate on their farms. Next Steps minimum distance separation multiple classification Most lower-tier municipalities’ Official Plans : businesses are permitted in agricultural areas but
must be demonstrated to be secondary or minor relative to the operation.


5 lower-tier municipalities, eg. St. Catharines (Niagara) Official Plan: “Agri-tourism...may be considered...providing its...compatibility with surrounding land uses [and that it] doesn’t impact...on the viability of the overall agricultural community”. Compatibility COMPATIBILITY
Recommendation: Address compatibility of a secondary use on agricultural land.
Consider engaging in an exercise to determine/develop policies for compatibility
THAT IMPROVES THE ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF FARMING WHILE MAINTAINING THE QUALITY OF THE AGRICULTURAL LANDS VALUE-ADDING Fort Erie (Niagara) ZBL: [Permitted uses in Agricultural zone are] agricultural uses, greenhouses with a minimum size of 2 hectares, one single detached dwelling on one lot, home occupations, one seasonal or one permanent farm house help on a minimum 20 hectare farm, wayside pits, kennels, veterinarian establishments, conservation of plant and wildlife, uses, buildings, and structures accessory to the foregoing permitted uses, pet day care establishments.


Woolwich (Waterloo) ZBL: [Permitted uses in Agricultural zone include] sale of Products grown or raised on the premises through a farm stand; on-farm business (on properties greater than 10 ha., Doddy House; Research Farming; Value Added Farm Uses, Agri-Tourism, Private Home Day Care; Bed and Breakfast; Group Home; Veterinary Clinic, Dog Kennel, Raising, training, or boarding of horses including Riding Stable or Academy. Value Adding
Recommendation: Consider explicitly allowing innovative uses on
farmland to increase the value of the farm and its products. St. Catharines (Niagara) Official Plan:
Agri-tourism may be permitted on farm parcels
up to a max. gross floor area of 93 M2 and on
farm parcels 6 hectares or larger. Caledon (Peel) Official Plan:
The concept of what is small-scale is specific
to the context where it is used and it is not
interchangeable from one context
to another. DEFINITIONS
Recommendation: Define terms such as “secondary”, “small scale” and “agriculture”
in a balanced way to encourage flexibility and innovation on farms. BACKGROUND/HISTORY Rationale for implementation continues to vary from one municipality to the next.
Largely developed in response to conversion of agricultural lands into non-agricultural related uses.
“...Based more on a threshold to discourage rural residential development than a threshold related to farming activities (Pearse 1991)”. Land may be parceled into individual 16 hectare lots (roughly 1/16th of the land)
Pros:Consistent formula
Cons: “reflects prevailing economics of rural subdivisions and to a lesser extent, the economics of farming...(Pearse 1991)” farms must be a minimum 40 hectares to remain flexible
enough for future agricultural operations. GENERAL RULE IN ONTARIO GS= (S.Y.P.) i

GS= Gross Sales
S= Acres of each soil type
Y= Yield units per acre
P=Market price per unit Minimum Farm Size
PolicIes should be flexible enough to take into consideration those agricultural operations which can be sustained on parcel sizes less than 40 hectares. ZONING REVIEW
Waterloo/Simcoe/Niagara Single vs. Multiple
Agricultural Zoning Categories Single Agricultural Zone Category North Dumfries (Waterloo) Agricultural – provisions based on farm size, 1390sq.m – 4 ha & 4-35 ha Woolwich (Waterloo) Agricultural – sales, on-farm business, research farming, value added farm uses, agri-tourism.

Industrial/Commercial - Rural Fort Erie (Niagara) Essa (Simcoe) Bradford West -
Gwillimbury (Simcoe) Innisfil (Simcoe) Wellesley (Waterloo) Agricultural
Rural Commercial Agricultural
Commercial Agricultural General Agricultural
Special Agricultural
Rural Commercial
Rural Industrial Agricultural General
Agricultural Intensive
Agricultural Marsh Agricultural
Agricultural Institutional
Rural Mixed Use/Agricultural Cluster Multiple Agricultural Zone Categories Zoning Recommendations:
Recognize different farm typologies and
their needs

Craft ZBLs that respond to agricultural
needs & provide degree of flexibility –
ie. multiple agricultural zone categories

Less time, money and effort spent on

Emphasis on compatibility + separation of uses PERFORMANCE BASED ZONING FORM OPERATIONS USE Emphasis on intensity & scale of uses Polk County, Oregon PHASE I PHASE II PHASE III METHODS: Livestock Operations in Ontario Today in Ontario’s regulatory planning system, Minimum Distance Separation formulas are employed to determine appropriate distances between livestock facility and other land uses. The objective of these formulas is to manage odour and to protect investment made. (OMAFRA, 2010a) The experience with the regulatory effort to curb land use conflicts between land uses
had two effects on the characterization of farms in Ontario;

1) Farms often became ‘single use’ (separating agricultural and livestock)
2) The code of practice reinforces the need for large parcels of land for any livestock operation Prince Edward County Norway MDS
Recommendations 1) Amend the Provincial Policy Statement to encourage municipalities determine appropriate distances for mixed-use livestock operations on a site-by-site basis.

2) Allow Municipalities the right to determine appropriate size livestock operations

3) Create a provincially standardized definition of small, medium, and intensive livestock operations

4) Amend Minimum Distance Separation Formulas to accommodate mixed-use and smaller livestock operations

5) Allow municipalities to apply fixed setbacks for smaller livestock farms NEXT STEPS Problem identification, project scoping, literature review,
identification of areas for investigation Municipal case study review, best practice review, preliminary recommendations,
Ethics Review Board application, educational guide draft) Primary research, validation of Phase 2 results, final version of educational guide Educational Guide Recommendations Analysis Observations Best Practices Review Policy Review Literature Review Method for Phase II Viability Changing
Industry Increased
Competition Innovation •Tours and Tastings
•Wine Sales
•Gift Boutique
•Sale of Local Products
•Outdoor Barbecue
•B & B (max. 3 rooms) •Bus Tours
•Outdoor Events
•Indoor Events
•Small Restaurant
•Fine Dining
•Weddings & Reception
•Banquet Facilities
•Conference Rooms
•B & B (max. 6 rooms)
•Guest Cottage
•Inn •Sale of Non-local Products
•Helicopter Tours
•Large Gourmet
•Large Overnight Caldwell, W. and D. Aston. 2000. Planning for the Future Development of Ontario’s Wine Industry. University of Guelph. http://www.waynecaldwell.ca. Compatible Somewhat Compatible Least Compatible Minimum Farm Size Agricultural Zoning Categories Language MDS The choices that policymakers make when writing agricultural land use policy
have very real implications for farmers. Farms come in all shapes and sizes in
Ontario, and to allow for innovation and to maintain farm viability, policymakers
should design policies that are sufficiently flexible such that they can take into account
differing scales of farming operations. Viability: A viable farm is one that provides a sufficient income to the farmer such that he/she can continue farming and make a reasonable profit. ONTARIO PLANNING SYSTEM



Full transcript