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Transcript of Aristocracy
The Brahman caste in India
The Eupatridae in Athens
The Partricians or Optimates in Rome
The Medieval nobility in Europe
Aristocracy, coming from the Greek word Aristokria meaning rule of the best. Aristokria coming from the words Aristos (best) and keratin (to rule).
Pros and Cons
The word Aristocracy was:
Formulated by philosophers Aristotle and Plato
Means: Rule of the Few Best- morally superior and educated
Often becomes rule of the wealthy.
The rulers govern in the interest of the entire population
Pros: Since it is the 'best ruling the country', people thought that it would be the best ruling of the government. This would let the government be guided in the correct direction. Everything would also most likely be organized.
Cons: People in the lower class weren't considered 'the best' so the citizens in the lower class wouldn't ever have a chance of being in the government even if they are smarter or better than the people in the higher class.
Was formed in ancient Greece
Used in city-states such as Athens and Sparta (also a Duocracy).
Idealized in Greece
Formed in Ancient Greece
Used throughout the Middle Ages
Commonly used in Victorian England
Went out of practice in post WW1 era
Still used today around the world (esp. Asia)
Very little power to aristocrats
Came into vogue with princess Dianna
Have dissipated into upper class
Lots of power and wealth concentrated into aristocratic class
Employ much of the lower classes
Live in great manor houses and inherit much of their possessions