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And the Mountains Echoed:

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by

Jeremy MacDonald

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of And the Mountains Echoed:

And the Mountains Echoed:
A Marxist Perspective

Thesis
In Khaled Hossieni’s novel “And the Mountains Echoed” there is far more to the story then the main topic, which is the broken love between brother and sister, Abdullah and Pari. The story allows the readers to see into the lives of many different class levels, from different genders, countries and locations. Readers can gain a greater understanding of each social class through thorough examinations of different characters lives and their relationships and connections with other people.

Bourgeoisie
Readers are able to gain a deeper understand of how a bourgeoisie society functions through the chapters dealing with Mr. Wahdati, Nila, and Pari (sister).

In the beginning of the novel, brother and sister, Pari and Abdullah were seperated upon their father (Saboor) walking them to Kabul, and selling Pari to the Wahdati's. They had the connection to the Wahdati's as Saboor's brother in law worked as a servant for them in their Kabul mansion. Readers learn about Pari's extravagant upbringing with the Wahdati's and their lifestyle with several proletariat servants.
General Overview
The novel
And the Mountains Echoed
is written by author Khaled Hosseini, who is most famously known for his novel
The Kite Runner.
And the Mountains Echoed takes place in Afghanistan, and is told through the perspective of nine different characters (each one has their own chapter). The storyline follows the relationship of a brother and sister. Although each characters chapter adds to the intricate web in which is Abudllah and Pari's relationship, it also explains in detail about that specific characters life and how they live in their class level.
Question
Proletariat
Readers gain knowledge on the proletariat way of life through the chapters told through the perspective of Abdullah, Nabi (servant to Wahdati's), and Pari (daughter).

Throughout the novel readers learn about the common struggles of the proletariat lifestyle through a few different characters. First we learn about Nabi, the servant to the Wahdati's who caters their life for them. He drives, cooks, and does anything they tell him to. Next is Abdullah, the brother to Pari who got stripped from him as a young boy. He had to continue living back in his community, after his sister was gone. He eventually moves to the United States in which he has just as many struggles making it by with with his daughter that he named Pari.
If you had to choose just one side what side would you choose?
Left..

You would give up your sibling or child to leave them in a better situation. You would never be able to see them again, and they will be raised as if you didn't exist.
Right..

You keep your sibling or child, and they will go nowhere in life, just as you and the rest of the members in your family haven't.
Marxist Theory
Marxists believe that a work of literature based on economic and ideological circumstances.

Terms:
Bourgeoisie
- The ruling class of a society from which ideologies take their shapes
Proletariat
- The working class of a society especially those who lack capital and must sell their unskilled labour in order to survive.
Ideology
- The thoughts and ideas that guide a society and perpetuates the status quo.


Ideology
Characters in the novel follow the common ideology in which is that people from the proletariat will never make it to the bourgeoisie, and they will always work for them.

Characters in the novel try to break this ideology a few times, but it never works out for them and they blame it on the ideology (saying that they cant do anything for themselves, and have to depend on the bourgeoisie).
Slumdog Millionaire

A very related film to my novel is Slumdog Millionaire. Slumdog focuses on a boy who is from the Proletariat class, and his journey's through life.
Jamal is the boy, and he struggles with many of the same things that Abdullah did as a child. His brother left him to gain a powerful gang, in which had a lot of money, just as Abdullah's sister left for a better life in the novel. Both the film and novel give powerful insights to the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes.
Conclusion
The novel And the Mounatins Echoed gives readers an insightful look into the lives of people living in different class levels. It details the lives of the bourgeoisie and proletariat through intricate examination of their everyday lives, relationships, and thought processes.
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