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Bilingualism and Education
Transcript of Bilingualism and Education
Bilingual teaching strategies Links with brain studies Symbolism
from letters to signs. Culture Animations http://www.blog.zoozoom.com/culture/musicophilia-by-oliver-sacks/ http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=language-process-speed-location Shin (2005), in her study,
described attitudes toward Codeswitching as negative, noting that bilinguals themselves “may feel embarrassed about their code switching and attribute it to careless language habits” (p. 18). 1. Instruction should be carried out exclusively
in the target language without recourse to the
students’ L1 [first language]. 2. Translation between L1 and L2 [second lan-
guage] has no place in the teaching of language
or literacy. Encouragement of translation in L2
teaching is viewed as a reversion to the discred-
ited grammar/translation method. 3. Within L2 immersion and bilingual/dual
language programs, the two languages should be
kept rigidly separate: They constitute “two soli-
tudes.” (p. 588). Maybin (1994)
In the book ''Childrens voices:talk,knowledge and identity''
recognising that respect in the microcosm of the school about where yoy are from increases confidence in children and higher self esteem. Cummins (2008)
"..A wide panoramic view of self.."
Cummins viewed the role of teachers as paramount to building and molding childrens self worth and potential. This is best achieved when the child feels that who they are and where they come from is integrated within the microcosm of the classroom. Manjula Datta
Language is our most important
instrument for forming concepts. Jim Cummins, Language, Power and Pedagogy: Bilingual children in the Crossfire (1998).
"In June 1998, California voters reversed almost 25 years of education policy in the state by passing Proposition 227... aimed at eliminating the use of bilingual children's first language for instructional purposes except in very exceptional circumstances." Cummins, 2008:31 The minority groups which resist to intergrate with
the education that are oposed by the majority group are found in the
position to reject the education intead of there cultural backround.
Cummins, 1991:44-45 What is culture? A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.
Read more: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/culture.html#ixzz1HXXmG9xD The highest possible stage in moral culture is when we recognize that we ought to control our thoughts.
Read more: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/culture.html#ixzz1HXYDyERU If we are to achieve a richer culture, rich in contrasting values, we must recognize the whole gamut of human potentialities, and so weave a less arbitrary social fabric, one in which each diverse human gift will find a fitting place.
Read more: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/culture_2.html#ixzz1HXYxaBjY International understanding. same region countries
share similarities in their alphabet symbols of religions Teaching methods Activating prior knowledge http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101108161226.htm http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/01/070111133129.htm http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/feb/18/bilingual-alzheimers-brain-power-multitasking Create a link between school
and home activities The latest study, led by Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute A Canadian science team has found more dramatic evidence that speaking two languages can help delay the onset of Alzheimer's symptoms by as much as five years. Canadian scientists have found astonishing evidence that bilingualism can help delay the onset of dementia symptoms compared to people who are monolingual. BROCA IN THE BRAIN: An image shows how the concept, grammar and pronunciation are quickly assembled in the brain to form a pre-speech word
Image: NED SAHIN/SEAN MCINERNEY Oliver Sacks However, Build on previous experiences Bilingual teaching methods Transitional Maintance Reference to familiar culture subjects Creative teaching Practical teaching Create common experiences (Multicultural children in the early years (1999)
P. Woods, M. Boyle, N. Hubbard ) The brain's language center, named Broca's area after the French physician Pierre Paul Broca who discovered it in 1865 Immersion Use images and artefacts The New York Times
The three teaching methods in bilingual classes -November 10,1985 http://www.bizjournals.com/triangle/stories/1997/12/29/editorial3.html?surround=etf&ana=e_article the lifelong use of two languages only by four to five years http://www.learningmatters.co.uk/sampleChapters/pdfs/9781844451982-3.pdf ''Creative teaching
is seen to involve teachers in making learning more interesting and effective and using
imaginative approaches in the classroom.'' http://parkslopemusiclessons.com/2009/05/28/study-shows-link-between-music-brain-plasticity/ MUsik and Language or the
Language of Musique