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Cry, the Beloved Country
Transcript of Cry, the Beloved Country
By Alan Paton
Founding of South Africa
Zulu and Xhosa tribes establish large kingdoms in the South African region.
The British take control of Cape Town which led to a century of fighting.
The Boers (Afrikaan farmers) moved inland and seized the natives' land through
The Cape officially becomes a British colony, and the British introduce laws aimed at abolishing slavery which angered the Afrikaners (Boers).
The Boers wanted complete independence from British rule.
1948 - 1994
Gold & Diamonds!
Gold and diamonds are discovered in Johannesburg which makes the city very rich and very desirable.
The Dutch establish the port of Cape Town to supply ships
en route to Indonesia and begin importing slaves.
- Boers (aka Afrikaners) were the direct descendants of the original Dutch Afrikan settlers.
- Boers were angry at the British for their outlaw of slavery and British wanted control of the land.
- British emerged as the victors by methods of torching, concentration camps,
Apartheid: System of racial segregation enforced by the government in South Africa
- South African government created laws to keep land and wealth in the hand of white citizens (1913 Land Act).
-Black Africans could not hold jobs classified as "skilled labor" which were often the higher-paying jobs
-Facilities were separated
-Movement of black Africans were restricted through "pass laws" which required blacks to carry passes with identification and fingerprints.
- All South Africans must register their race.
Setting: South Africa
The End of Apartheid
(1903 - 1988)
Structure of the Novel
Priest from Ndotsheni in search of his son and sister in Johannesburg
: White farmer whose land overlooks Ndotsheni. His only son is murdered.
Setting: Ndotsheni and Johannesburg, South Africa in the 1940s
Published novel in 1948
Influenced by his experiences working in detention centers and the writings of Abraham Lincoln.
- Divided into 3 Parts
1. Reverend Stephen Kumalo's Journey
2. James Jarvis' Journey
3. Both Kumalo and Jarvis
Expresses moral perspective on South African social issues
Criticism of the
Biblical style with many biblical names.
is used to cross-reference details, interweave symbols, and provide outside commentary on events in such a way that the two types of chapters blend together, unifying and enhancing the themes of the novel.
Paton models John Steinbeck's style in
Grapes of Wrath
when he creates the dialogue and the intercalary chapters.