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Elections

Edexcel AS Level Government & Politics, Unit 1
by

David Rawlings

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Elections

Unit One: People & Politics
ELECTIONS
Let's mind-map some ideas!
Why do we have elections?
What is the purpose of an election?
Learning Objectives:

K: Functions of elections
U: How elections promote democracy
S: AO1 Knowledge & understanding
The voting age should be lowered to 16.
YES
NO
Functions:

Government choice
Representation
Accountability
Participation
Education
Legitimacy
GRAPEL
Can you GRAPEL with the function of an election.
You have 30 seconds to write down as many functions of an election as you can remember.
How does FPTP work?
K: FPTP system
U: FPTP in the UK
S: AO1 knowledge & understanding
Construct a diagram to show how FPTP works:
You need to include:
The electorate
Representatives
Government
Political Parties
Prime minister
*Vote for*
How does FPTP work?
Candidate
%
Vote
Party
Labour
Conservative
Lib. Dem
Green
UKIP
BNP
The Commons
Independent
Glenda Jackson
Chris Philp
Edward Fordham
Bea Campbell
Magnus Nielsen
Victoria Moore
Tamsin Omond
Gene Alcantara
17,332
17,290
16,491
759
408
328
123
91
32.8
32.7
31.2
1.4
0.8
0.6
0.2
0.2
2010 general election result - Hampstead and Kilburn
How does FPTP work in the UK?
Add these factors to your diagram:
Simple plurality - i.e. most votes wins;
One vote per elector;
650 constituencies;
Constituencies roughly 70,000 electors;
MPs are elected in single-member constituencies.
Can you see any advantages or disadvantages with FPTP?
Can you GRAPEL with elections?
Bullet point the advantages and disadvantages of FPTP.
Should FPTP be reformed in the UK?
K: Advantages & disadvantages of FPTP system
U: Issues with FPTP in the UK
S: AO1 knowledge & understanding
Learning Objectives
Can you see any advantages or disadvantages with FPTP?
Note them down as you watch these two videos...
Should FPTP be reformed in the UK?
Advantages
Disadvantages
DEBATE
Should FPTP be reformed in the UK?
Yes
No
Write a Tweet to explain First-Past-the-Post
140 characters, including punctuation and spaces.
Know: Advantages of FPTP
Understand: How to answer 10 mark questions
Skills: Exam technique
Explain three advantages of the ‘first past the post’ electoral system. [10 marks]
Learning Objectives
DEBATE
'Strong and stable government is more important than a proportional representation of votes.'
Yes
No
Start with a JUDGEMENT
3 paragraphs
10 marks
Wizard of Oz
Because, because, because
Give 3 explained reasons.
Make sure they ATBQ!
E.g.
'The three main advantages of FPTP are...'
One for each point.
In the exam you'll have 10 minutes to answer this question.
Review
Use your 'tick-list' as a guide to mark your partners work.
How well did they do?
What could they do better?
Check your understanding:
What other electoral systems are used in the UK?
Know: Electoral systems used in the UK
Understand: How alternative systems work
Skills: Independent research
Learning Objectives
By now you should:
Be able to GRAPEL with elections;
Explain the purpose of elections;
Know how FPTP works in the UK;
Explain advantages and disadvantages of FPTP.
Challenge John
1. A mandate is:

a. A document issued by a political party before an election, in which it sets out its policy programme.
b. The authority and responsibility from voters to enact policies promised before an election.
c. When two men go out together.
2. FPTP is an example of...

a. A mixed-member system.
b. Proportional representation.
c. A simple-plurality system.
3. A legitimate election is one:

a. Based on the consent of the people, whereby a party has won the a 'free and fair' election.
b. Where the government is able to be voted out by the electorate.
c. Where each constituency has one Member of Parliament.
one man
three questions
TASK:
Research an electoral system used in the UK.
Prepare a 10 minute presentation to explain the electoral system, using Prezi or PPT.

Success criteria:
Where is it used? When was it brought in?
How does it work? Include a diagram for clarity.
What are the advantages & disadvantages of the system.
Supplementary Vote
Closed Regional List
Single Transferable Vote
Additional member System
Other Election Systems:
K: Exam requirements
U: How to answer 25 mark questions
S: Exam technique
Make out a case in favour of the introduction of proportional representation for Westminster elections.
25 marks
Learning Objectives:
Debate
YES
NO
All electoral systems are equally flawed.
AfL - marking task
In pairs, have a read through this answer.
What do you think of it?
Now assess the answer and give it a mark!
1. Start with a judgement on the question - highlight the judgement in this answer.
Steps to essay success:
3. Use PointEvidenceExplain in your paragraphs to ATBQ - highlight & label the PEE in 3 different colours.
2. Split your points into discreet paragraphs - have they done this?
4. Conclude by reinforcing your initial judgement - is there a clear conclusion?
Who am I?
1. I am used for elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
5. Candidates that reach a 'Droop' quota are automatically elected.
4. I have a preferential voting system.
3. I am likely to produce a coalition government.
2. I have large multi-member constituencies.
How successful have new voting systems been?
Know: Impact of new electoral systems since devolution
Understand: How successful they have been
Skills: AO1 K&U; AO2 Analysis
Learning Objectives
Who am I?
3. I am used for elections to the Welsh Assembly.
5. Electors cast tow votes - one for their favourite candidate and one for favourite party.
4. I representatives for constituencies & for extra members.
1. I am a mixed system that allows for split-ticket voting.
2. I include the use of party lists.
Read through the 2001 report on new voting systems.
Identify the impact that these elections have had on UK politics.

Think about proportionality, efficiency, strong & stable government and representation.
What has been the impact of new voting systems?
Review:
Design your own electoral system for the UK and draw a diagram to show how it works.
Success Criteria:
You'll need to include...
Electorate, who they vote for, no. of votes, no. of representatives, constituencies, House of Commons, House of Lords.
TASK:
Now create a mind-map to show the impact of new electoral systems.
Impact of new electoral systems
Greater proportionality
Multi-party systems
Minority and coalition governments
Split-ticket voting
Complexity
Constituency links
Success criteria:
Colour-code positive and negative consequences of the new systems.
Explain 2 of the functions.
State and explain 3 advantages.
5 mark exemplar:
One function of elections is to ensure the legitimacy of the government. If a government has been democratically chosen by the people through an electoral victory, then they can legitimately claim the right to rule.

A second function is to ensure accountability for the ruling government. Through an election the citizens have the power to vote out an unpopular or unsuccessful government.
Swap answers!
How well did they do? Add WWW and EBI feedback to their work.
3 marks
Additional 2 marks
10 mark exemplar:
One advantage of FPTP is that it produces strong and stable government because a winning party often has a clear majority in the house of representatives. This means that ruling governments are able to enact their policies and make changes in a way that is often not possible during a coalition, as seenwitht he Labour victory in 1997.

A second advantage is that this 'plurality' system is simple to understand, producing a clear winner. Voters make one choice for their favoured candidate, the candidate with the most votes then wins. It is clear who the electors' representative and the overall winner are.

A final advantage of FPTP is that it creates responsible government. The ruling party are clear to the electorate, who can therefore hold it accountable at the next election. In this way governments will adhere to their political mandate more than they would during a coalition. As demonstrated by the failure of the Liberal Democrats to oppose a rise in university tuition fees.
Point - one mark
Evidence - one mark
Explanation - one mark
Full transcript