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Chapter 9 Section 3: Farmers and Populism
Miriam Wagneron 5 November 2013
Transcript of Chapter 9 Section 3: Farmers and Populism
Farmers Face Many Problems
- Most farmers were actually in debt, which put there political power on a decline.
- Cotton sales declined as well! Going from 15 cents in the 1870's to 6 cents in the 1890's.
- Planting more crops would not solve the money issue either, it just made the price of crops go down.
- Tenant farming means that farmers no longer owned the farm where they worked.
- Farmers had to mortgage their farms to raise funds and become tenant farmers.
- Farmers did all the work, while the bankers made all the money, so they decided to take action!
- Farmers created Granges which were networks to address their problems.
- Granges attracted around a million members.
- They provided education on farming techniques, as well as regulated the railroad and grain storage.
- Farmers alliances consisted of organized white people, who formed corporations to sell their crops.
- The Georgia alliance led a boycott against certain manufacturers who raised the price of the cord they used to wrap bundles of cotton.
- R.M. Humphrey Farmers Alliance was a network for African American farmers, but was organized by both african americans and white farmers.
- a million farmers had joined by 1891
- but racial tensions prevented them from working together
The Populist Party Demands Reform
- The Populist Party, or peoples party, was formed in 1892.
- Views of the party were adopted in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1892
- Views included the dangers of political corruption, an inadequate monetary supply, and an unresponsive government.
- Mary Elizabeth Lease brought awareness to women's suffrage.
- The Populist Party elected 3 governors, 5 senators, and 10 congressman
- In the end, the democratic party used racist comments to make the populist party look less of a good choice.
Economic Crisis and Populism's Decline
- The Democratic party nominated William Jennings Bryan as their presidential candidate, he was only 36 years old at the time.
- He was the only person at the time to go and tour the United States to actually talk to the people.
- He spoke about how silver should now be coined, not just gold. It is now commonly known as the "Cross of Gold" speech.
- William McKinley was the Republican candidate.
- He along with Marcus Hanna, made Bryan look like a dictator not suitable to run America for the people.
Presented by: Miriam Wagner, Ciara Selk, Ali Zaidspiner, and Laura Showers
Farmers Organize and Seek Change
- McKinley won the election of 1896 as well as the reelection in 1900.
- Bryan was endorsed by the populists, which weakened them and local and state levels.
- The party soon died out. (1896)
-Most people who supported the populist party returned to the Democratic party.
- Populism had a lasting political effect.
- Texas had a coalation between blacks and whites for a short period of time because of politics.
Candidates campaigned straight to the people and made i known that they were like the average American.