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Cells final

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by

Henry Schaer

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Cells final

Plant
VS
.
Animal
CELLS
Cell wall
The cell wall is a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell. This layer of cellulose fiber gives the cell most of its support and structure. The cell wall also bonds with other cell walls to form the structure of the plant
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane is a thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell. The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others.
Chloroplast
The chloroplast is an elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll. Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. Photosynthesis is the process where sunlight(energy), carbon dioxide, and water is converted into glucose(sugar) and oxygen.
Respiration is the opposite of this
Lysosome
The lysosomes are round organelles surrounded by a membrane and containing digestive enzymes. This is where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place. Then it sends the not used nutrients to the vacuole.
Cytoplasm
The cytoplasm is the jello-like material inside the cell membrane in which the organelles are located.
Ribosomes
The ribosomes consist of RNA proteins. Ribosomes function as factories to produce proteins. Ribosomes can attach to some surfaces of the endoplasmic reticulum.
Vacuole
This sac within the cytoplasm stores water, food, waste, products, and other materials. They are essentially storage areas. Most plant cells have one large vacuole. Most animal cells have a small or no vacuole
Mitochondrion
Most of the cell energy is produced within these rod-shaped organelles by converting food molecules in to energy. The mitochondria are known as the power house of the cell because of its functions
Endoplasmic reticulum
The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of tubules that carry proteins and other materials to parts of the cell. There are that are different in many ways including structure and function. One is called the rough E.R. on account of the ribosomes attaching to it. The other is called the smooth E.R. because of the absence of the ribosomes. The rough E.R. manufactures membranes and secretory proteins along with antibodies, while the smooth E.R. has a wide range of operations including transporting E.R. products to numerous parts of the cell
Cenrtioles
By: Henry Schaer, Fenn Gurley
Pierce Beach
All animal cells have centrioles. Centrioles help the cell divide when it comes time for mitosis or meiosis. They also help with the organization of the mitotic spindle, which is also most commonly know as spindle fibers. They are used in cell division to help the cell reproduce and divide. This can be either sexually or asexually. Sexually means there are 2 two parents and asexually means there are only one
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Sources:
The nucleolus main (and well known) function is to build or make all ribosomes in the entire cell. Ribosomes (which are little factories) are the organelles where proteins are produced. Proteins are very important in cell.
The Nucleus is the cells brain. It controls day to day functions like to let food into the cell through the cells membrane and the nucleus controls all the organelles in the cell. The nucleus is the leader of the entire cell, the organelle that tells all the other organelles what to do. The nucleus can even ask the vacuole to release food into the Lysosome for respiration
The Science Textbook
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_(biology)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_nucleus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endoplasmic_reticulum
www.cell.com
http://biology.about.com/od/cellbiology/ss/animal_cells.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_cell
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/plants/cell/
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/animals/cell/
Nucleus
The Nucleus is the cells brain. It controls day to day functions like to let food into the cell through the cells membrane and the nucleus controls all the organelles in the cell. The nucleus is the leader of the entire cell, the organelle that tells all the other organelles what to do. The nucleus can even ask the vacuole to release food into the Lysosome for respiration
Mitochondrion
Most of the cell energy is produced within these rod-shaped organelles by converting food molecules in to energy. The mitochondria are known as the power house of the cell because of its functions
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