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Peru

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Vanessa Leon

on 1 October 2017

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Transcript of Peru

Peru
Land of the Inkas
1. General information
2. History
Pre-Columbian Cultures
Conquest of Peru
Indepence of Peru
3. Traditions
Dances
Food
4. Poverty
Structure
General Info
History
Traditions
Capital City: Lima
President: Ollanta Humala
25 regions
Language: Spanish (Quechua, Aymara)
Population: 31.000.000
Area: 1.300.000 km2 
Ethnic groups:
45% amerindian
37% mestizo
15% white
2% others
Independence: 28 July 1821
Kotosh
Chavin
Paracas 
Lima 
Nazca 
Moche
Tiwanaku
Wari
Lambayeque
Chimu
Chincha and others

Pre-Columbian cultures

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/La_Independencia_del_Per%C3%BA.jpg

Peru's movement toward independence was led by José de San Martín of Argentina and Simón Bolívar of Venezuela.
San Martín led the military campaign of 4.200 soldiers and was organized and financed by Chile
San Martin proclaimed the independence of Peru in Lima on July 28, 1821
emancipation was only completed by December 1824, when General Antonio José de Sucre defeated Spanish troops at the Battle of Ayacucho.
Spain tried to regain its former colonies, such as at the Battle of Callao, and only in 1879 finally recognized Peruvian independence.

Independence of Peru

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_itIHJZpvsVY/TIFp3tmIzPI/AAAAAAAAABg/dI72xN5BRpY/s320/conquista.jpg

1532-1572
When the Spanish landed in 1531, Peru's territory was the nucleus of the highly developed Inca civilization
Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were attracted by the news of a rich and fabulous kingdom. In 1532, they arrived in the country
The death of the Incan ruler Huayna Capac caused the fall of the Incan political structure and contributed to the civil war between the brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar.
After their death, By March 23, 1534, Pizarro and the Spanish had re-founded the Inca city of Cuzco as a new Spanish colonial settlement.
In 1541, Pizarro was assassinated 
Inca cities were given Spanish Christian names and rebuilt as Spanish towns centered around a plaza with a church or cathedral

Conquest of Peru

https://kellygrainger.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/machu-picchu-peru.jpg

Machu Picchu

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/Inca_Empire_South_America.png/220px-Inca_Empire_South_America.png

Inca Empire

Paracas

http://www.peru-expeditions.com/sites/default/files/destinos/caral-1.jpg

one of the most ancient cities of the Americas
was built in approximately 2500 BC
area of about 60 hectares


Caral

Masc

Monkey

Spider

Colibri

http://www.unmuseum.org/nazca_spider.jpg

http://cdn.history.com/sites/2/2013/06/Ancient_Aliens_Nazca_Lines2.jpg

https://d2ji2mue1p384z.cloudfront.net/img/640x480/100046.jpg

Moche and Nazca

Emerged on the southern coast around 300 BC
Are known for their use of vicuña fibers instead of cotton to produce fine textiles

(100 BC-700 AD)
Moche produced metalwork and fine pottery
Nazca are known for their textiles and the Nazca lines

1532-1572
the Spanish arrived in 1532
Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were attracted by the news of a rich and fabulous kingdom.
death of the Incan ruler Huayna Capac --> fall of the Incan political structure --> civil war between the brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar.
death by March, 1534
In 1541, Pizarro was assassinated 
Inca cities were given Spanish Christian names and rebuilt as Spanish towns centered around a plaza with a church or cathedral

Peru's movement toward independence was led by 
José de San Martín of Argentina
and
Simón Bolívar of Venezuela
San Martín led the military campaign of 4.200 soldiers which was organized and financed by Chile
San Martin proclaimed the independence of Peru in Lima on July 28, 1821
Spain tried to regain its former colonies, such as at the Battle of Callao, and only in 1879 finally recognized Peruvian independence

Quechua for "old peak“
well-preserved pre-Columbian Inca ruin
located on a high mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley, about 70 km northwest of Cusco

1438–1532
Stretched from northern Ecuador to central Chile
The Incas built the largest empire and dynasty of pre-Columbian America
originated from a tribe based in Cusco, which became the capital
empire was divided into four quarters: Chinchaysuyu, Antisuyu, Kuntisuyu and Qullasuyu


www.andean-expeditions.com/img/highlights/paracas.jpg

Dances
Marinera

energetic dance
elegant movements
complex choreography of coordinated and synchronized sequences
the couple comes close but never into physical contact

Scissors Dance
show of force and elasticity
dancers perform a series of gymnastic leaps in accompany of harp and violin
in their hands: pair of scissors, made up of two independent sheets of metal around 25 cm long
Huayno
most representative dance of the Andes
performed by couples who perform turns and movements featuring hops
Festejo
joyful and teasing
couples are insinuating and at the same time avoiding physical contact.
Food
Coast, Highlands and Rainforest
Ceviche
seafood dish
fresh raw fish cured in citrus juices
Carapulcra
pork and dehydrated potatoes, with peanuts and aji panca
eaten with rice, boiled potatoes or yuca
Juanes

made with rice, pieces of meat, eggs, olives and spices
all wrapped up in bijao leaves (plant from the jungle) and boiled
Pisco
distilling grape wine into spirit
produced with Scotch whiskies and many types of grapes
(Coast)
(Highland)
(Highlands)
(Rainforest)
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-8bbUc1TDrmk/TyV9Urx43SI/AAAAAAAAAfk/9dq9CJWxfCY/s1600/Gr%C3%A1fico1.JPG


scorza.es/sites/default/files/images/danzant5.mini300.png

http://cochabambabolivia.net/sites/default/files/styles/sitios_full/public/folklore/huayo.jpg?itok=FdShufxR
static3.absolut-peru.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/festejo.jpg
Coast, Highlands and Rainforest
http://kleberly.com/264022-ceviche.html
i.ytimg.com/vi/oQ36K98GLRs/maxresdefault.jpg
perupasionporlacomida.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/juane_750x1000.jpeg
www.barriorestaurant.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/pisco-sour.jpg
(Rainforest)
(Highlands)
(Coast)
Poverty
Peru is a middle-income country
ranks 77th out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2012 Human Development Index – a comparative measure of life expectancy, education and standards of living for countries
54% of the population live in Poverty
about 8 million people remain poor, and poverty is deepest among people of indigenous origin living in remote rural areas
contrasts between rich and poor are clearly seen in Lima
majority of the capital's population live in shantytowns
perched on barren sand dunes
shantytowns surround upscale neighborhoods, most of which are a cross between Miami homes and Spanish villas



ecelaspanish.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/shantytown.jpg
/images.clasiperu.com/2012/05/10/construccion-de-casas-de-playa-y-campo_d322724e76_3.jpg
Full transcript