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Volleyball - Off-Court Strategies

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Annika Schache

on 12 June 2013

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Transcript of Volleyball - Off-Court Strategies

Finally Biomechanics Volleyball - Off-Court Strategies - The study of how living things move, in particular the efficiency of
- Allows us to understand how our bodies move, how to make movements
for efficient, develop new skills, detect errors in performance, and
prevent injury
- All sports are categorized using 'movement patterns'
Eg. Walking, Running, Stopping, Jumping, Landing etc. Sports Psychology Throughout the term we experimented with a few different styles of sports psychology. One of these being that we chose two symbols, they were to represent things we wanted to remind ourselves of while playing volleyball. We drew these on ourselves at the beginning of each practical lesson and sat and visualised what it looked like to do these things. As part of this we made a small pink triangular prism our of paper with our symbols clearly displayed on them, we were to look at them each night and envision what they meant to us. We also put together a powerpoint with words and pictures to help us get into the zone before playing volleyball. We did these to see what the benefits were of this kind of sports psychology. Practice Types - Includes:
Isolated Muscle Memory - develop new skills so they become second nature, allowing space in our minds to consider other things such as where we want to pass and how high. For this we did a blocking/spiking and jumping drill where we would practice the motions of moving to either spike or block without a ball.
Massed Isolated Practice - to strengthen a certain skill to ensure it is consistent, for example the dig because it is the skill that begins the counter attack on the opposition. We did a dig drills circuit for this where we did four different kinds of drills that all focused on the one skill being the dig.
Game Specific Drill - simulates the game in a controlled and predictable manner to help create a preset game plan for attack. For this we practiced a set/spike/defense drill where a team would be set up on one side of the net and were defending and the other side would simulate a block, set and spike for the other team to defend.
Game Play - a time to apply all skills in a unpredictable situation - Feedback needs to be timely, the timing of feedback can determine how well it is accepted and how easily it is used to better your performance
- Needs to be positive, critical feedback is vital but looking at it positively is important
- Intrinsic is the kind of feedback a player has, this can be visual, tactile, auditory or proprioceptive
- Extrinsic is another kind where you gain feedback through knowledge of results, knowledge of performance or through video
- Focused feedback can determine how effective it can be, there is general feedback and specific feedback
We received feedback from peers and Mr Carter, we analyzed ourselves and determined what needed improving, and we watched videos, allowing us to actually see how we perform skills and our performance during a game. Personality Learning Surveys Five personality/learning style tests were completed as part of discovering how best we could work towards developing as volleyball players. These included our Signature Strengths, Grit Survey, VARK Questionnaire, Personality Test and Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Test. Through these tests we hoped to discover how we could go about improving our skills, learn what things would hinder our development and what courses of action we should take individually. Comparing Practice Types Isolated Muscle memory - Blocking/Spiking Jumping Drill This was very effective, it is a drill that needs to be done consistently and with precision to make sure it is done properly in a game situation. The drill is well thought out and doesn't require any modifications as I felt it worked well for the class, although the idea of the drill needed to be stressed to the class to ensure they understood the reasoning behind why the drill was needed. Massed Isolated Practice This was all about perfecting a drill and ensuring that
it is done consistently and properly in a game situation without hesitation and in at the correct time. It was easy for the class to exploit these drills and turn them into ridiculous games, the importance of practicing drills properly needs to be stressed. Game Specific Drill Had almost everyone involved, had the class constantly checking that we were positioned right and that the process was smooth and consistent. Helped develop a set play that could be applied in most situations. Comparing Practice Types Game Play One of the best ways to learn and develop as a player is through playing to sport, by playing competitive games each lesson we were developing skills. Unfortunately we lost focus fast and games can quickly unravel and make a turn for the worst, focus needs to be re-established in an effective way. Activities were completed examining the action and reaction when blocking, setting and spiking, the physics of movement and the force, momentum and impulse involved, change in stability and center of gravity while executing skills. One activity explored the Action and Reaction of feet pushing off the floor when jumping to block...
Action: muscles contract and force is applied against the ground
Reaction: you are forced upwards Through watching videos of ourselves we were able to pick up on the things we are doing well and what we are struggling with.
It helped us to examine how we were going and what feedback we would be giving ourselves and if we agreed with teacher and peer feedback.
This really helped me because I am very much a visual learner and I like to see how and where I go wrong and what I need to be doing to improve. I thrive off positive feedback that is not just telling me what I need to fix, but showing me how I need to fix it.
Hearing what my peers think can reaffirm any doubts but also help you see what you should be doing to benefit others. Being the definition of a team sport, volleyball requires everyone's input and 100%. Introduction Feedback Feedback Through Video Set and Spike drill - practicing spiking and the height and distance of the set. Through watching this video we were able to see our technique and establish what needs improving. Feedback through Video Usual warm-up drill - digging and setting between one another.
Through this we were able to see the two main basic skills required for volleyball and how capable we were of performing them. It also showed our ability to move our feet and get under the ball. Effectiveness These activities kept me busy and thinking, making me examine pictures, and interpret things my own way. They were effective in making me teach myself and go about things by myself. We are a class of many though and we are best bouncing ideas off one another and discussing our interpretations. I am very much a group orientated person and seek feedback on most things I do. Recommendations Overall the class and I were incapable of finishing tasks to the best of our abilities because of lack of knowledge and limited instructing. Restricted time hindered my ability to learn everything required. If possible, less activities would be more productive with more instruction time. Myself and majority of the class don't learn out of a text book or from just reading, active examples and instructive teaching would mean better results.
I am very much a hands on kind of person, as is most of our class. Majority of us are incapable of reading information from a textbook, deciphering and correctly interpreting it. Both the class and myself look to teachers for instructing and explanations, we require in depth instructions and worked through examples. To help us improve and develop as not only volleyball players but general students we need to be up and doing things that will benefit our learning.
It would be recommended that for each activity the reasoning behind it be clearly discussed and the class have the ability to alter them, or question why things are done a certain way.
The class and myself are an inquisitive bunch who look to question why we are doing most things. We look for the reasoning and ways that we can alter and improve activities. I like to fully understand activities and be given concise instructions on not only how to perform a drill but why. I feel this is important because I am much more willing to put my full effort into something if I understand why and how it will benefit me. Effectiveness and Reasoning Justification Activities Modifications Justification Drawn On Reminders Before each practical session the class took the time to draw two symbols somewhere on our hands or wrists or lower arms. This was done to remind us of one strength we posses and something we need to work on and remember while practicing and playing. Personally, I chose to draw two bent lines on my wrist. This was to remind me of the fact that in a dig your legs need to be bent and you extend and push the ball upwards using your legs. And in a set that both my arms and legs need to be bent and then extended to push the ball upwards to ensure height and accuracy. The picture of the hand was to remind me to have splayed fingers during a set so that the ball enters my hands. Another looked at the physics of movement during a dig...
Force - legs moving the body (arms) into the ball
Momentum - person moving forward and the ball moving away after connection
Impulse - time between when person moves and when their arms meet the ball Visualization At the beginning of this term, as part of choosing two different symbols to draw on ourselves each prac session we also created this to place by our bed. Each night we were to sit and visualise ourselves doing whatever our images represented. Imagine how it felt to do it, both physically and mentally, and what it would look like doing it. I had to imagine what it was like to perform a dig with bent legs and extending them when my arms came into contact with the ball. I also had to imagine what setting with bent arms and legs looked like with splayed fingers. Effectiveness Visualising yourself doing a skill in sport with proper technique is proven to benefit your ability to perform the skill. Just imagining myself bending my knees while digging and performing a set with splayed fingers allowed me to put it into action during drills and games. The process of drawing the reminders on ourselves and looking at the pink sheet each night allowed me to consider and think about the skills and performing them. I feel it was reasonable affective and realistic practice to have. Modifications I found this really effective and personally there are no modifications that could be made. I am curious of other kinds of sports psychology though and would enjoy learning different ways of developing as not only a volleyball players but sports woman. What I scored Signature Strengths Bravery and valor, citizenship, teamwork and loyalty, curiosity, fairness, equity and justice, gratitude Grit Survey I scored a 4 VARK Questionnaire Visual - 3, Aural - 5, Read and Write - 4, Kinesthetic - 4 Personality Test Emotional Stability - Average, Extroversion - High, Conscientious - Above Average, Agreeableness - Extremely High, Openness - Above Average Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Test Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Effectiveness I found it intriguing to know these things about myself and interesting to ponder whether or not I agree with the results each test gave. Although, I don't totally understand what each of them meant or if they are in fact true. I found it difficult to use the knowledge in any way for volleyball or just generally. Modifications Somehow we needed to have discussed what each meant and how knowing these things could benefit us in volleyball. Unfortunately there was so much we needed to get through and such little amount of time to do it in. This term we have been playing volleyball and focusing on the sports psychology, feedback, practice types and biomechanics of the sport. we have also completed multiple surveys looking at personality types and how best we learn. Thanks for watching!
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