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AP Euro Chapter 18

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Stuart Drew

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of AP Euro Chapter 18

Toward a new world-view by Stuart and Kate The Scientific "Revolution" is more of an "evolution" because it was slow and steady like an evolution than a sudden or violent revolution Philosophes and Empiricists Scientists and Philosophers Scientific Revolution
(1540-1690) "outshines everything since the
rise of Christianity and reduces the
Renaissance and Reformation to the
rank of mere episodes, mere internal
displacements within the system of
medieval Christendom" In the early 1500's, traditional
European ideas about the Universe
were still based on the ideas of
Aristotle The Enlightenment
and Absolutism inspired rulers during the second half of the 18th century Fredrick the Great of Prussia Catherine the Great of Russia
ruled from 1740 to 1786
enjoyed reading French literature
played the flute
wrote poetry
believed that men are neither good nor bad, but both good and bad
the state didn't exist for the ruler, but the ruler for the state
regarded himself as "first servant of the state"
guaranteed Maria Teresa the throne
he spent majority of his life rebuilding and reforming Prussia
in some areas he suspended taxes for up to 6 months as an economic stimulant
he started many industries, he oversaw the reform of the judicial system and his system was constitutional absolutism or enlightened despotism
reigned from 1762 to 1796
re christianized when she married Peter and turned Orthodox
continued westerning process begun by Peter the Great
also an enlightened despote
only flirted with philosophies, enlightened ideas and legal reform
The Habsburgs Joseph the Second reigned from 1765 to 1790
co-regent with his mother during the last 15 years of her reign
he sought to emulate the style and success of Fredrick the Second of Prussia
suffered military defeats from the Turks Maria Theresa reigned from 1740 to 1780
first reform was to increase the Austrian standing army from 30,000 to 108,000
gradually centralized the empire and increased the power of the Austrian government
two most internal events of her 40 year reign were the war of the Austrian succession and the 7 years war War of The Austrian Succession Fredrick William the 1st invaded Habsburg territory of Silesia, England joined against Prussia, Bavaria, France and Spain 7 Years War Austria sought to regain Silesia due to its rich deposits of coal and iron, Maria Theresa persuaded Louis XV to overlook their traditional Habsburg- Bourbon enmity this turned into the French Austrain alliance
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