Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

ATHLETIC TRAINING

No description
by

on 30 October 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of ATHLETIC TRAINING

Abdominal cavity lies between the diaphragm and the pelvis

Bounded by the margin of the lower ribs, abdominal muscles, and the vertebral column

Abdominal part of our body can be divided into two which is ABDOMINAL VISCERA and ABDOMINAL MUSCULATURE
Head
NECK
Damage to the structure of the neck including soft tissue, bones, spinal column and nerves
Number of sports can place the cervical spine at risk
Usually occurs in collision sports

ATHLETIC TRAINING
ATHLETIC TRAINING
1) ABDOMINAL INJURY
2) NECK INJURY
3) HEAD INJURY
4) LOWER BACK INJURY
5) ELBOW INJURY
6) LOWER LIMB

Elbow
Elbow joint is composed of three bones which is radius, humerus and ulnar.
Subject to injury in sports because of its broad range of motion, weak lateral bone arrangement, and relative exposure to soft tissue damage in the vicinity of the joint
Many sports place excessive stress on the elbow joint

Lower Back
The region of the back above the waist, often a locus of pain and back problems
Opposite to the chest, its height being defined by

the vertebral column
Its breadth being supported by the ribcage and shoulders.

Lower Limb
Consists of four major parts: a girdle formed by the hip bones, the thigh, the leg, and the foot.
It is specialized for the support of weight, adaptation to gravity, and locomotion.

Abdominal
Abdominal Viscera
Contusion
Compressive forces that injure the abdominal wall

Most likely occur in collision sports

Blow To Solar Plexus
Direct hit to stomach which causes a lapse in breathing in the target

Composed of both hollow and solid organs

Solid organs are most often affected in sport injury

Abdominal Musculature
A large group of muscles in front of the abdomen

Assists in the regular breathing movement and supports muscle of spine

Causes
Collision in contact sports that involves high
velocity projectiles

Sign & Symptom
Hematoma
Pain
Tightness

Acute Treatment
A cold pack
Compression elastic wrap and treat immediately after injury
Causes
A blow to the sympathetic celiac plexus that produces a transitory paralysis of the diaphragm

Sign & Symptom
Stop respiration
Anoxia
Unable to inhale
Hysteria may occur because of fear

Acute Treatment
Help the athlete overcome apprehension
Loosen the athlete belt and the clothing around the abdomen
Encourage the athlete to relax

Cervical Sprain (Whiplash)
Contusion To The Throat & Neck
Athlete struck in the throat region
May struck the carotid arteries and cause serious brain damage
Causes
Injury that occur to the neck region (cervical) and the athlete experienced sudden sharp pain and a tearing sensation
Damage to both the bone structures and soft tissues

Occur when the athlete is tackled or blocked while unprepared

Sign & Symptom
Stiffness
Pain radiating from the neck down to the shoulders or arms
Weakness in the neck region and certain muscles

Acute Treatment
Cervical collar may be applied
ICE-R is used for 48 hours while injuries
Athlete should have an x-ray examination

Causes
Kick or blow to the throat region

Sign & Symptom
Severe pain
Spasmodic coughing
Hoarse voice
Difficulty in swallowing

Acute Treatment
Apply cold after the injury occur.
After 24 hours, moist hot packs may be applied.
Well padded collar.
Call physician.

Injuries To Lower Back
Lower back is a structure that include :
Bony lumbar spine
Disc between vertebrae
Ligament around the spine
Spinal cord and nerves
Muscles and lower back
Internal organ of the pelvis and abdomen
Skin covering lumbar area

Back Contusion
Quite liable to bruises in sports
Usually occurs in collision sports

Lower Back Strain & Sprain
Back is prone to this strain because of its weight bearing function and involvement in moving, twisting and bending

Causes
Violent blow to the back
Crushing underlying muscle fibers and connective tissue without breaking the skin

Sign & Symptom
Bruises
Pain
Muscle spasm
Swollen

Acute Treatment
Applied a cold pack at the back
Pressure
Rest
Causes
Sudden, violent extension, unprepared to the spine in combination with trunk rotation
Faulty posture include excessive lumbar lordosis

Sign & Symptom
Bruises
Pain
Muscle spasm
Swollen

Acute Treatment
Apply cold pack or ice massage
Complete bed rest


Head injuries are considered an
acceptable risk when engaging in sports and other types of recreational activities
Injuries to the scalp, skull, or brain caused by trauma

Concussion
The most common type of sports-related brain injury
Type of traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Occurs when two athletes collide or when someone falls and hits his or her head

Jaw Fracture
Occur most often in collision sports and most frequently fractured area is near the jaw’s frontal angle

Causes
Bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change
the way your brain normally works
Blow to the body that causes the
Head to move rapidly back and forth

Sign & Symptom
Forgets an instruction
Moves clumsy
Appears dazed
Headache
Nausea or vomiting

Acute Treatment
Remove the athlete from the game
Let the athlete rest
Apply ice wrapped in a washcloth


Causes
Direct blow to the lower jaw

Sign & Symptom
Deformities
Loss of normal occlusion of teeth
Pain when biting down
Bleeding around teeth

Acute Treatment
Apply cold pack
Immobilization by a four
tailed bandage
Immediate referral to a
physician

Elbow Strain
Injuries that occur when muscle becomes overstretched and tears

Elbow Sprain
Stretch and/or tear of a ligament, the fibrous band of connective tissue that joins the end of one bone with another at the elbow regions

Causes
Excessive physical activity
Poor flexibility 
Improperly warming up
Sudden, forceful hyperextension of the elbow

Sign & Symptom
Pain
Bruising
Swelling
Inflammation

Sign & Symptom
Pain and difficulty moving the injured muscle 
Discolored and bruised skin
Swelling 
Muscle spasm in the elbow area. 
Loss of strength

Acute Treatment
Includes ICE-R
Sling supports
Follow up management by health professional

Causes
Direct or indirect trauma that knocks a joint out of position, and overstretches, and, in
severe cases, ruptures the supporting
ligaments

Acute Treatment
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation

Achilles tendon strain
Occur most often as a result of lack of coordination between agonists and the antagonists following ankle sprains or sudden excessive dorsiflexion of the ankle

Muscle Spasm
Involuntary contractions of one or several muscles and may be either clonic or tonic

Sign & Symptom
Acute pain
Extreme weakness on the foot

Causes
Overuse
Not stretching enough before exercise

Acute Treatment
Apply RICE on the athletes
Pressure apply with elastic wrap together with cold application

Causes
Muscle fatigue
Excess loss of fluid
Exercising in the heat

Sign & Symptom
Severe pain

Acute Treatment
Putting the athlete at ease and relaxing contracted site
Firmly grasping the contracted muscle
Mild gradual type stretching
Full transcript