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Gothic literature

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by

Natasha G

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Gothic literature



Frankenstein
Romanticism
and

Gothic literature

Romanticism
Imagination is the ultimate power

Imagination enables nature to be understood
Interest in the nature of the hero and the misunderstood or eccentric genius or artist
Emotion was necessary for logical reasoning; strong emotion was the source of aesthetic experiences

Emphasized on the importance of intuition, instincts and emotions
Believed that nature had healing
powers and was a source of
refuge from artificiality
Interested in the exotic, unfamiliar and distant

New emphasis and curiosity about the emotions of trepidation, horror and awe
Interested in folklore, medieval legends, and art
Believed that both nature and
mythology had deep symbolism
Believed that the mind reached consciousness through art and literature

Gothic Literature
There is a victim who is helpless against his/her torturer
Contains an aura of mystery and the macabre
Associated medieval buildings with what they saw as a dark and terrifying period, characterized by harsh laws enforced by torture, and with mysterious, fantastic, and superstitious rituals
Weather commonly adds to or foreshadows the mood in the scene.
Atmosphere of the story is pervaded by a sense of mystery, darkness, oppressiveness, fear, doom to recreate the atmosphere of a crypt
Has both elements of horror and romance
The victim is in some way entranced or fascinated by the inscrutable power of his prosecutor
The setting is, at some point, within impenetrable walls to heighten the victim’s sense of isolation
Thank you! :)
Thank you! :)
“floundering in a very slough of multifarious knowledge, guided by an ardent imagination and childish reasoning.”pg. 26
Imagination is the ultimate power
“The labours of men of genius, however erroneously directed, scarcely ever fail in ultimately turning to the solid advantage of mankind.”
Interest in the nature of the hero and the misunderstood or eccentric genius or artist
“I chanced to find a volume of the works of Cornelius Agrippa/ the theory which he attempts to demonstrate and the wonderful facts soon changed this feeling into enthusiasm. A new light seemed to dawn upon my mind…”pg. 24
Believed that nature had healing powers and was a source of
refuge from artificiality
“The very winds whispered in soothing accents, and maternal Nature bade me weep no more.”p. 77
Interested in the exotic, unfamiliar and distant
“Curiosity, earnest research to learn the hidden laws of nature, gladness akin to rapture, as they were unfolded to me, are among the earliest sensations I can remember.”
There is a victim who is helpless against his/her torturer
“My confessor had besieged me. He threatened and menaced until I almost began to think that I was the monster that he said I was.”
- Justine pg. 69
Contains an aura of mystery and the macabre
“I thought that I held the corpse of my dead mother in my arms; a shroud enveloped her form and I saw the grave-worms crawling in the folds of the flannel.”
Weather commonly adds to or foreshadows the mood in the scene.
“I felt compelled to hurry on , although drenched by the rain which poured from a black and comfortless sky.”pg.44
The victim is in some way entranced or fascinated by the inscrutable power of his prosecutor
“I followed. My heart was full, and I did not answer him, but as I proceeded, I weighed the various arguments that he had used and determined to at least listen to his tale. I was partly urged by curiosity and compassion confirmed my resolution.” Pg. 83
The setting is, at some point, within impenetrable walls to heighten the victim’s sense of isolation
“The abrupt sides of the vast mountain were before me; the icy wall of the glacier overhung me; a few shattered pines were scattered around; and the solemn silence…”pg. 78
The mind reaches consciousness through literature
Full transcript