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ancient egypt

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by

Halima Mahmoud

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of ancient egypt

Queen Cleopatra By:Fatimat Mahmoud www.youtube.com FALLEN EGYPT NOTE TO SELF Let class watch............. Cleopatra and Mark Antony Sketches Ancient Egypt was a very powerful destiny.
The egyptian dynasty worked like this: remember to tell my class about picture one of many fabulous drawings of Cleopatra!!! Ancient Egypt The People The people in ancient Egypt lived in mud brick homes in the villages and
the country. They also grew some of their
own food. And they traded in the village, for foods
they couldn't produce.
Most egyptians worked as field hand farmers, craft men, and scribes. A small group of people were nobles. Together, these different groups of people made up the population of ancient Egypt. Rich The loyalty was a big part of Ancient Egypt life.They enjoyed their life to the fullest. They worked very hard, but saved time to enjoy with family, friends, music, parties, swimming, fishing, hunting, sailing, and especially with their children, all of which were very important to the ancient Egyptians. And most of the time worked with the pharaoh. Now that you know so much about ancient Egypt lets go to my main topic. The one about a female pharaoh her name was Cleopatra. She was born 69 B.C and had 2 sisters, Berenice and Cleopatra VI. All her brother's name were Ptolemy Cleopatra's Life Story "Hey! my name
is Fatima and
this is my
room! Come
I'll show you
around.' A little something, about Cleopatra Cleopatra as a child Ptolemy XIII (died 44 B.C.E. ) drowned during a fight with Caesar; Cleopatra killed Ptolemy XIV (47–30 B.C.E. ) her self. Much like those that ruled before him, Ptolemy XII's court was filled with violence and corruption. Cleopatra learned her political lessons from her father. She watched his humiliating efforts to keep himself on the throne of Egypt by buying the support of powerful Romans. On one such trip to Rome, Ptolemy XII's daughter, Berenice, took the throne. But her rule did not last, as she was put to death upon her father's return to Alexandria.

When Ptolemy XII died, he gave the throne to his children, Cleopatra and her brother, Ptolemy XIII. The two ruled jointly as Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII. The ministers of Cleopatra's ten-year-old brother found him much easier to control than his sister, however. So they filled his ears with mischief and lies. As a result, Cleopatra was driven from Egypt in 48 B.C.E. Cleopatra made preparations to return to Egypt by force, but when Caesar arrived in Alexandria after the Battle of Pharsalus, she saw the opportunity to use him. She had herself smuggled to him in a rug. Ptolemy XIII died fighting Caesar, who restored Cleopatra to the throne with another brother, Ptolemy XIV. Cleo's Teen Life Cleopatra made preparations to return to Egypt by force, but when Caesar arrived in Alexandria after the Battle of Pharsalus, she saw the opportunity to use him. She had herself smuggled to him in a rug. Ptolemy XIII died fighting Caesar, who restored Cleopatra to the throne with another brother, Ptolemy XIV.

The relationship between Caesar and Cleopatra grew from their mutual longing for power and money. Caesar wanted the riches found in Cleopatra's court, while she longed for power in Rome. Contrary to legend, Caesar did not stay long in Egypt with Cleopatra. Although in 46 B.C.E. she gave birth to a son whom she named Ptolemy Caesarion, Caesar never formally recognized him. That same year Caesar invited her to Rome. Although he spent little time with her, her presence in Rome may have contributed to the sour feeling towards him which led to his assassination (political murder).

After Caesar was killed by a group of men plotting to overthrow his empire, Cleopatra returned to Alexandria in April 44 B.C.E. Shortly thereafter Ptolemy XIV died under mysterious circumstances. It is commonly believed that Cleopatra herself poisoned him. After her brother's death, she made her son, Caesarion, her partner on the throne, and they awaited the outcome of the political struggle in Rome. She responded eagerly when Mark Antony summoned her and other puppet rulers to Tarsus in Cilicia after the Battle of Philippi. Matching her preparations to the man whose weaknesses she knew, she dazzled Antony and bent him to her will. She easily cleared herself of a charge of helping Brutus (85–42 B.C.E. ) and Cassius (died c. 31 B.C.E. ) in the conspiracy to assassinate Caesar. Also, at her request, Antony put to death three people she considered a threat to her throne. She sat on her throne for another two years before another powerful Roman general came calling. This time, it was Marc Antony, a close friend of Caesar. Again, a power struggle was gripping Rome. And again, the powerful Roman general was no match for the charms of the Egyptian queen. Marc Antony fell in love with Cleopatra every bit as much as Caesar had. He was smitten so much that he stayed in Alexandria for several months and made it his home when he wasn't fighting battles.

The struggle for supremacy of Rome raged on, while at the same time Roman soldiers were fighting enemies from other civilizations. Through it all, Antony remained madly in love with Cleopatra—despite the fact that he, like Caesar before him, also had a wife back in Rome. Antony spent so much time away from Rome that he very well could have lost any opportunity to defend himself (although his behavior was shocking to most Romans at the time, as it would be to many people today). His main rival, Octavian, eventually declared war on Antony. The two generals were popular with their soldiers, and they met in a great sea battle off the coast of Actium, Greece, in 31 B.C. Cleopatra was there as well, with ships of her own.

Antony's ships were no match for Octavian's, and the defeat was great. Antony, however, slipped away and returned to Egypt.

The following year, Octavian and his army reached Alexandria. Antony, who remarkably still had an army to command by this time, marched out to meet his bitter rival. Things went very badly for him, however, as first his navy and then his cavalry deserted him. Only the infantry was left, and they were no match for the better-trained soldiers of Octavian.

Seeing this, Cleopatra ran away and locked herself in a sacred building, ordering her servants to tell Antony that she was dead. Hearing this, Antony stabbed himself. Not long after, Cleopatra killed herself as well.

Octavian seized control of Egypt, making it a Roman province. Thus, Cleopatra was the last pharaoh.
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