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Paper 3 Aice Global Perspectives

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Bruna Doering

on 2 April 2014

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Transcript of Paper 3 Aice Global Perspectives

Bruna Doering
AICE Global Perspectives
#0786
8987- 03
US181

Should eBooks be used to boost student interest in reading?
Conclusion
Bibliography
Bosman, Julie, and Matt Richtel. "Finding Your Book Interrupted ... By the Tablet You Read It On." The New York Times. The New York Times, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.

"Daily Report: Two Views on the E-Book Reading Experience." Bits Daily Report Two Views on the EBook Reading Experience Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.

Minzesheimer, Bob. "E-books Are Changing Reading Habits." USA Today. Gannett, 07 Oct. 2013. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.

Rebuck, Gail. "Humans Have the Need to Read." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 31 Dec. 2011. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.


What I Initially Knew
Research Topic
Opposing Perspectives

Refutations & Corroborating Evidence
Technology is evolving more and more everyday.
The digital age has spawned a great number of innovations, yet it continues to butt heads with old-school conventions. Witness the cultural conflict between traditional publishing and digital e-books.
Ebooks have said to be known as the electronic version of a printed book. Almost any sophisticated electronic device that features a controllable viewing screen, including computers, many mobile phones, and all smartphones can also be used to read e-books.
Ebooks increase
interest in reading
Some believe that the fact that ebooks can be read using almost any type of electronic device, allow ebooks to be easily accessible due to its portability. There is no doubt that reading is a great way to broaden one’s knowledge by expanding their vocabulary alongside their ability to comprehend and increase their creativity. With the easy access to ebooks, one’s interest in reading may increase.
Ebooks decrease interest in reading
Others believe that the non-stop accessibility of the electronic device can also lead to a negative impact in the interest of reading. Ebooks can easily be a gateway to a distraction or to other negative actions that can decrease ones education due to the various other applications that can be accessed in these electronic devices.
1st Perspective: Ebooks increase interest in reading
1st Source:
"E-books Are Changing Reading Habits." USA Today.
2nd Source: "Humans Have the Need to Read." The Guardian
Credibility

Bob Minzesheimer










is a reliable source because:
He has been writing since 1997 which gives him reputation on writing.
He also has expertise because he is a former political reporter and editor which give him ability to see.
He further shows expertise because he was president of his local library board.
Evidence & Examples
The amount of readers has increased since ebooks have become available.
USA Today conducted a poll of adults to determine the changes in reading habits.
“Adults with a reading device say they read an average of 18 books a year and those without devices say they average 11 books. Since getting their devices, 35% of adults report reading more books. That includes 41% who own e-readers and 29% who own tablets, which offer not just books, but movies, TV shows and more.”
“The poll includes 1,000 adults surveyed nationwide Aug. 15-18. A supplemental poll Aug. 22-25 resulted in a total of 819 e-reader and tablet owners. The margin of sampling error is plus or minus 4 percentage points.”
Flaws & Reliability of Evidence & Examples

The numbers are valuable to the perspective due to the increase in the numbers of books read.
The numbers are negligible because the article provides readers with an exact sample size and how the study was conducted when he states that, Since the sample size is clear and is about 1000 people, the information provided is reliable.
Credibility
Gail Rebuck
is a credible source because:
She has expertise on the subject because she has been running Britain's largest book publisher for 23 years.
In addition, she is also chairman of the UK arm of Penguin Random House.
All these experiences and reputation give her ability to see.
Gail Rebuck also previously spent more than 20 years heading Random House UK which improves her expertise.
Evidence & Examples
She supports her argument that ebooks increase student interest in reading by explaining that, "recent scientific research has also found a dramatic fall in empathy among teenagers in advanced western cultures. We can't yet be sure why this is happening, but the best hypothesis is that it is the result of their immersion in the internet and the quickfire virtual world it offers. So technology reveals that our brains are being changed by technology, and then offers a potential solution – the book."
Rebuck explains the benefits of e-books by stating, "So the ability, offered by devices like e-readers, smartphones and tablets, to carry an entire library in your hand is an amazing opportunity.”
In addition, She also explains how they are unsure of the information they are giving since it is a hypothesis.
Flaws & Reliability
However, she does not explain from where the research was conducted and where the information came from which does not make the statement well-grounded.
She is already putting an opinion into her statement which makes the claim flawed.
However, the question to whether this example is automatically flawed can be questioned because since Rebuck is a publisher herself who writes hard copies of books which shows that she is not being biased.
Rebuck also corroborates with source 1 when she explains the benefits of ebooks, "So the ability, offered by devices like e-readers, smartphones and tablets, to carry an entire library in your hand is an amazing opportunity. "
Rebuck begins her argument in source 2 by refuting the other perspective, which is that technology can be a gateway to distractions, by stating that she understands most teenagers are now becoming addicted to technology and other devices.
However, she then goes on to refute this statement by providing her readers with evident examples to how ebooks are beneficial.
Also, source 4 corroborates with source 3 when explaining the many forms of distractions when Holmes explains that her iPad, for example, offers an experience not only with the written word, via the iBooks and Kindle apps, but with the moving picture, be it Netflix, Angry Birds or the mesmerizing Google Earth. Deep engagement with an e-book can therefore be quite challenging: It’s difficult to stay present with Colum McCann’s latest offering when the prose is competing for cognitive space with archived episodes of “Scandal.”
2nd Perspective: Ebooks decrease interest in reading
3rd Source:
"Finding Your Book Interrupted ... By the Tablet You Read It On." The New York Times.
Credibility
Evidence & Examples
Flaws & Reliability
4th Source:
"Daily Report: Two Views on the E-Book Reading Experience." Bits Daily Report Two Views on the EBook Reading Experience Comments
Credibility
Evidence & Examples
Flaws & Reliability
Julie Bosman













is a credible source because:
Bosman is a staff reporter at The New York Times.
She has covered the publishing industry since 2010 and has previously written about politics, education, style and sports which not only gives her expertise on the subject, but ability to see as well.
Before joining the Times, Julie was a reporter-researcher at The New Republic in Washington, freelancing for The Wall Street Journal and Slate which shows she has worked for a variety of different publishing industries which gives her a wide knowledge on the subject.
"People who read e-books on tablets like the iPad are realizing that while a book in print or on a black-and-white Kindle is straightforward and immersive, a tablet offers a menu of distractions that can fragment the reading experience, or stop it in its tracks."
"Some of the millions of consumers who have bought tablets and sampled e-books on apps from Amazon, Apple and Barnes & Noble have come away with a conclusion: It’s harder than ever to sit down and focus on reading."
“It’s like trying to cook when there are little children around,” said David Myers, 53, a systems administrator in Atlanta, who got a Kindle Fire tablet in December. “A child might do something silly and you’ve got to stop cooking and fix the problem and then return to cooking.”
"Book buyers may switch to tablets and then discover that they just aren’t very amenable to reading."
"some of the millions of consumers who have bought tablets and sampled e-books on apps from Amazon, Apple and Barnes & Noble have come away with a conclusion: It’s harder than ever to sit down and focus on reading." Here, Bosman is appealing to popularity since there are a variety of people who state it is difficult to concentrate.
Bosman is generalizing and is using flaw of causation when assuming that people will stop reading due to their lack of focus which makes the evidence unreliable.
Anna Holmes has written and edited for numerous publications, including the New York Times, Washington Post, Newsweek, InStyle and The New Yorker online which gives her reputation on the subject.
She is the founder of the popular website Jezebel.com and the 2012 recipient of a Mirror Award for Best Commentary which improves her expertise.
Mohsin Hamid has also written many books which gives him ability to see.
Anna Holmes and Mohsin Hamid
are somewhat credible because:
" This isn’t to say that I don’t read e-books. I do. (Mostly for research — love that search function!) But after close to half a decade of downloading and consuming any number of novels, autobiographies, comics and self-help titles in Kindle form, I have yet to feel as fully invested in the pixels on a Bezos-imagined screen as I do in the indelible glyphs found on good old-fashioned book paper." Here, Holmes is understanding the other perspective and goes on to explain how she loves paper books.
She does go on to give reasons for her claim by stating that, "Part of this has to do, of course, with the ways in which e-books are bundled with or experienced alongside other forms of entertainment. My iPad, for example, offers an experience not only with the written word, via the iBooks and Kindle apps, but with the moving picture, be it Netflix, Angry Birds or the mesmerizing Google Earth. Deep engagement with an e-book can therefore be quite challenging: It’s difficult to stay present with Colum McCann’s latest offering when the prose is competing for cognitive space with archived episodes of “Scandal.”
“E-reading opens the door to distraction. It invites connectivity and clicking and purchasing. The closed network of a printed book, on the other hand, seems to offer greater serenity.”
When Holmes explains that she reads ebooks, Holmes is showing her understanding of the other perspective which shows she is being neutral about both perspectives. However, she then goes on to explain why she loves paper books.
When she explains how it is difficult to stay concentrated in her book when there is an archive with the episodes of Scandal distracting her, Holmes is using appeal to popularity due to the famous TV show, Scandal, which is very well known.
Also, this claim is not reliable because she is giving an opinion without any specific facts.
The authors rely solemnly on their opinions without giving adroit examples of cases in which eBooks have caused a distraction.
Literacy skills are important for keeping in good shape. With technology expanding every day, there have been a variety of new inventions that are available to students in and out of school grounds. With the expansion of technology, ebooks have becomes accessible to many people. Some believe that ebooks can be greatly beneficial due to its low cost and its easy portability. However, others believe that the disadvantages of its various sources of applications is a gateway to distraction and can decrease the interest in reading. After assessing all the information, I have come to the conclusion that ebooks are beneficial. In source 1, USA Today conducted a poll of adults to determine the changes in reading habits and they found out that the amount of readers has increased since ebooks have become available. Ebooks encourage people to read by the accessibility it gives people. It also has a variety of different functions that are not offered through paper books.
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