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Bebop and Cool Jazz

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by

Ayush Gupta

on 9 January 2015

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Transcript of Bebop and Cool Jazz

Influences
Parents of Bebop and Cool Jazz
Musical Elements
Key Developers & Creators
Change of Style
Bebop and
Cool Jazz

Bebop
Cool Jazz
"Dizzy" Gillespie (John Birks Gillespie)
Charlie Parker
Thelonious Monk
Max Roach
Ella Fitzgerald
Charlie Christian
- Cymbal crash
- Practice obsessively
- 1939 New York
- Musical kinship with Dizzy
- 1945 withdrawal period, Camarillo State Hospital
- Return to New York
- Stardom
Virtuosic and up-tempo style of improvising
Nickname "Dizzy": humor, antics, custom-made trumpet
Style of dress set a fashion trend
- Moved to New York 1937
- Cab Calloway's group 1939
- Early 1940's: Charlie Parker (musical kinship)
- Bebop development: rapid tempos and darting melodies
- Mostly self-taught piano
- Style: stride and/or bebop but not either
- - Harlem Minton's Playhouse
- 1940's helped musicians develop bebop (Charlie, Dizzy and Charlie Christian)
- Thelonious and Bud Powell develop the piano approach to bebop
Miles Davis
Kenny Clarke
From bass, snare and hi-hat
to ride cymbal
- Singing in a dance competition
- Adaption to bebop
- Imitation of bebop playing
Bebop - Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker
STAY
COOL!!!
- Top big bands
- Minton and interacted with bebop creators.
- Unfortunately died at age 25
- "
the
major voice in shaping the new language of jazz"
- endless improvised riffs and figures
- flowing melodic lines even at the fastest tempos


Stompin' at the savoy - Charlie Christian live in small club
Avant-garde jazz
Post-bop
"Lonely Woman" by Omette Coleman
"So What" by Miles Davis

-Cool jazz is a style of modern jazz music that arose after WWII. Characterized by its relaxed tempos and lighter tone, in contrast to the bebop style
-Bebop developed in early and mid-1940s. Stylistic Origins include Swing, Kansas City Jazz.
-Cool jazz originated from bebop, swing music, and
classical music in the 1940s
What is
J
A
Z
Z
?
African music
European music
Blues
Ragtime
Gerry Mulligan
Lester Young
Stanly Getz
Gil Evans
Bebop and Cool Jazz
Instrumentation
Melody and Harmony
Cool Jazz


WE PRESENT TMR

Bix Beiderbecke
Singin The Blues
I'm Coming Virginia
My Baby Likes To Bebop
- Rocker
- 1944 -> New York City
- attracted Charlie Parker and joined his quintet
- inexperienced sounding
- Miles Davis Nonet (9 musicians)
- more subdued, more detailed arrangements
--> cool jazz

- Contributions to
Birth Of The Cool
-
Gerry Mulligan Tentet
-
Rebirth of the Cool
1992
- "Prez"
- Count Basie's band in 1936
- Revolutionary playing
- "The Sound"
- Pioneer
- Bossa Nova
Blues Scales

Chromatic Scales

World War II influenced both Bebop and Cool Jazz a lot.
Bebop
1940-1955
Developed through jam sessions
Swing eventually became a "bad memory" and thus bebop was born
Racism and segregation were rampant
Two-year long recording ban
WWII influenced Bebop a lot and caused many different problems
l
l
l
l
http://www.theboltonnews.co.uk/resources/images/2587685.jpg?type=articleLandscape
Cool Jazz
1949-1955
Newfound affluence after the war
Cool jazz reflected this popular feeling
The term "cool" became very popular
Cool Jazz mostly represented a nation's new spirit and emotion
- arranger, pianist, composer
- Canadian
-
Birth of the Cool
: Moon Dreams, Boplicity
Canadian Ties
Gil Evans
The Bebop Cowboys
Oscar Peterson
Full transcript