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DFT calculations with Gaussian09
Transcript of DFT calculations with Gaussian09
Electronic structure depends on:
Known parameters for diamondoids
-> Calculate IP! Functionals and basis sets How to choose the right functional DFT Output Gaussian Choose the right functional for your problem (e.g. B3LYP)
Choose a basis set
"draw" your molecule
start calculation and wait... Optimized geometries
Eigenfunctions (i.e. orbitals)
Eigenenergies (e.g. binding energies)
and much more... DFT Calculations with Gaussian How to calculate Ionization potentials Schrödinger equation with effective potential Kohn-Sham: electron densities have to match!
-> condition: classical Coulomb repulsion potential of atomic cores exchange-correlation potential self consistent equation: Growing the basis sets functionals represent different ways of exchange-correlation
Approximations for V_XC:
Local density approximation (LDA)
Generalized gradient approximation (GGA)
Mixing of different approximations (hybrid functionals) different parameters (depending on applications)
->different functionals (e.g. B3LYP, M06-2X) Gaussian type orbitals (GTOs) as approximations for Slater type orbitals (STOs)
GTOs are easier to calculate with
problem: GTOs do not "peak"
Use GTOs as basis sets to imitate eigenfunctions
start with small basis sets (e.g. STO-3G)
large basis sets take much cpu time (e.g. 631-G(d,p))