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arts and humanities
Transcript of arts and humanities
The history of Ballet begins in the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century
as an interpretation of fencing.
The first ballet dance that narrated a full story was
Le Ballet Comique de la Rein. In ballet there are standardized dance movements, specialized leaps and lifts and French terminology to describe each. modern history examples of modern dance styles of ballet: PERIODS AND CULTURE RENAISSANCE BAROQUE ROMANTIC MODERN The dance requirements of the English court required the services of Dancing Masters . Some of the more famous of these were: Thoinot Arbeau, Fabritio Caroso, and Cesare Negri.
I a dance form developed in the early 20th century.
in the early 1900s a few dancers started to rebel against the rigid constraints of Classical Ballet, shedding its technique,costume and shoes and practicing Free Dance and Artistic Expression. Martha Graham is considered the mother of modern dance.
1894-1991 In today's modern dance there are no special rules or equipment. However, the costume usually is related to the theme. Jazz has its origins in hubba bubba of the late 1800s up to the mid 1900s. It is now an essential part of musical theatre choreography and serves as a bases which is easily flavored by and interwoven with the dance style appropriate for the show. Jazz is a form of dance commonly used in Broadway shows and movies. Jazz is more contemporary dance than ballet. During the jazz era, popular forms of jazz dance were Cakewalk, Black Bottom, Charleston, Jitterbug, Boogie Woogie, swing dancing and the related Lindy Hop. To excel in jazz dance, the dancer must master ballet techniques. In Jazz the movements are big and exaggerate and there is usually an attitude the dancer conveys to the audience. Bob Fosse charleston charleston Lindy Hop Lindy Hop Lindy Hop Basic costume and equipment of ballet includes:
tights and leotards
ballet shoes Positions of Ballet were created in the 1600s
by Pierre Beuchamp and are still used today.
1st (position)-A'la seconde
5th-Efface effacee classical, neoclassical, and contemporary HISTORY costumes are related to
the theme, but usually
includes jazz boots/shoes "I would imagine that if you could understand Morse code, a tap dancer would drive you crazy." - Mitch Hedberg The above quote is absolutely true because, this is a form of dance where hearing the dance is as important as seeing it. Tap dancers create rhythms or pattern of beats, using shoes that have metal taps under the shoe toe and heel. The roots of Tap are in African American and Irish recreational dance. Over time the style of tap dancing has changed and the form of dance has developed into a standardized vocabulary. The Renaissance was a great cultural movement that began in Italy during the early 1300’s. It spread to England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and other countries and ended in 1600.
During this period of time, the modern world was born as Gutenberg perfected printing, Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas, Copernicus found that the earth revolved around the sun, Martin Luther founded began the Reformation, and Michelangelo created a new form of art.The Renaissance marks the passing of European society from an exclusively religious orientation to a more secular one do to the rise in beliefs such as humanism and individualism which focused the arts more on the power of people than of God.
Dancing in this period was considered exercise of the mind and body and was a popular pastime. It varied according to the social class: Upper Class or Lower Class. The Upper Class, nobility, danced at court-Court Dances were sophisticated and stately with intricate steps. While the Lower Class created the Folk Dance as a way of socializing. These two types of dances set the stage for Ballet. These dances range from slow, stately dances (bassadance, pavane, almain) to fast, lively dances (galliard, coranto, canario). The former, in which the dancers' feet did not leave the ground were styled the dance basse while energetic dances with leaps and lifts were called the haute dance. The term Baroque era describes the style or period of European music between the years of 1600 and 1750. The term Baroque was derived from a Portuguese word meaning "a pearl of irregular shape." The word Baroque was initially used to imply strangeness, abnormality and extravagance, applying more to art than music. It is only in the 20th century that this term has been employed to refer to a period in music history.
When compared with its predecessor Although homophonic music was becoming increasingly popular during this time in music history, new forms of polyphonic music were also developing simultaneously. Similar to composers during the Renaissance, composers during this period felt that the art of counterpoint was essential to their artistry. Two extremely strict forms of imitative polyphony, cannons and fugues , were very popular at the time of the Baroque era. To prove their very expertise, composers were sometimes expected to improvise complex fugues at a moment's no
opera and orchestra were born during this period it appeals to the senses in dramatic ways Dance from the Baroque period is the forerunner of western theatrical dance as we know it today. It contains a unique vocabulary of steps and ornaments that formed the basis of classical ballet later in the 18th century. Baroque Dances:
Loure (slow gigue)
Tambourin The Romantic era was a period of great change and emancipation. While the Classical era had strict laws of balance and restraint, the Romantic era allowed artistic freedom and creativity. The dance and music of this time period were very expressive, composers even used this expressive means to display nationalism . Some of the dances that came from the Romantic Era are:
the Grand March
the Galop the grand march the polka As the many social and political revolutions of the late eighteenth century established new social orders and thought, so composers of the period brought new music by adding emotional depth to the prevailing classical forms. Throughout the era artists became intent in expressing their subjective, personal emotions. “Romanticism” derives its name from the romantics of medieval times, their long poems told stories of heroes and chivalry, of distant lands and far away places, and often of unattainable love. The romantic artists were the first in history to identify themselves by a name. In the early 1900s, dancers began growing dissatisfied with what they viewed as the "mechanical sterility" of a ballet aesthetic then in decline and with the "decorative triviality" of conventional theatre dance. They explored innovations, setting the foundation for the revolution to come. Loie Fuller discovered illusionistic effects created by colored light and swirling draperies. Isadora Duncan devised a free style of dance that conveyed great intensity of feeling. Ruth St. Denis portrayed Oriental goddesses with an uplifting air of spirituality and mysticism. When St. Denis and her husband, Ted Shawn, founded the Denishawn school and company in 1915 in Los Angeles, they laid the basis from which the founders of modern dance emerged. Once modern dance was established, the different technical and modern dance styles began to blend as the hostile environment between them lessened. Among the most successful of those who moved the existing trends forward was Jose Limon, who made dances about larger-than-life heroes and grand social schemes. Anna Sokolow concentrated on mood rather than plot in dances, focusing on the tension and alienation of the 1950s. Alvin Ailey combined ballet and modern dance, concentrating on African-American themes; other black choreographers adopted a bouncier, looser style influenced by the African and Caribbean native dances presented by Katherine Dunham and Pearl Primus. In the hands of Jack Cole and other choreographers, the modern-dance impetus reached Broadway musicals and Hollywood films. Jose Limon Anna Sokolow Alvin Ailey Katherine Dunham D a n c e How hard or soft a dance step is performed. Choreographers use it to add drama to a routine. A rythmical componet that is one of the main factors that make up the shape of movement.