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Campus Journalism 101
Transcript of Campus Journalism 101
General Writing Guide
General Writing Guide
NEWS factual and timely account of an event, idea or discovery reports on any expected or unexpected developments or disruptions from day-to-day life Hard vs Soft News News Elements/Values:
Consequence Components of a news story:
Focus Three US bloggers set to file plagiarism complaint vs Sen. Sotto http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/281336/scitech/socialmedia/three-us-bloggers-set-to-file-plagiarism-complaint-vs-sen-sotto News Structure Tips! Show, don't tell. Details, not generalities. One idea, one sentence, one paragraph. Place good quotes high up in the story Put human interest angle. Never gets old. Outline ideas. News Sources:
Electronic Trail For schools:
Calendar events (awardings, field days, etc.)
Guidance/Information/Registrar's Office (Christmas Break!)
Extra-curricular activities (BULPRISA, Philippine Robotics Olympiad, etc.) Tips! Remember your 5 Ws and 1 H. Run-on sentences can kill you. The guy in the stiff suit, sporting a weird, if atrocious hair style, couldn’t help but wonder if the door to his left led to the beginning of his dreams, or, like so many other ones, yet another disappointment and blah blah blah and so on... Don't state the obvious. On March, the fourth year high school students will graduate. Avoid jargon.
Some more tips! Choose the shorter word.
Use, not utilize. Avoid unnecessary words.
His past history indicates that you should not count on him to adhere to his future plans. (17 words)
His history indicates that you should not count on him to adhere to his plans. (15 words)
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/12-tips-for-clipping-unnecessary-words/ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/276429/humor/newshardcore/manix-abrera-s-news-hardcore-106 Watch the adjectives!
You are not writing for a beautiful advertisement, darling. Get to the point. Use familiar words.
Use "said" when quoting someone. Use specific and concrete language.
Lee went to call an ambulance.
Lee went to call for help. Use active voice.
The entrance exam was failed by over one-third of the applicants to the school.
One-third of the applicants to the school failed the entrance exam. Write to express, not to impress. Write as you talk.
If it doesn't sound right, it must be wrong. Right? Think first, then write. Introduction
General Writing Guide
Kinds of Opinion Articles:
Analysis All about editorials
regular section reflecting the newspaper’s views on various issues
"we" vs. "I"
roughly 500 words, more formal language
straight to the point
could either be explanatory or persuasive
the objective, usually, is to question something
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/539/02/ All about columns
300-2500 words, depending on the space allotted
"bastion of personal expression"
almost a free-for-all, but general rules apply Introduction
General Writing Guide
http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/204260/humor/newshardcore/manix-abrera-s-news-hardcore-5 The Feature Article
"detailed pieces of writing which explore a range of issues, opinions, experiences and ideas"
"can be informative, entertaining, persuasive or they may simply satisfy the reader's curiosity about a particular topic" http://www.squidoo.com/feature-article#module31443812 Types of Feature Articles:
Analysis and opinion on current issues
Profiles of, or interviews with well known-people
Background information on local, national or international events
Personal experience or anecdotes
Human interest stories
Background information and personal opinion on your interests (How-to, etc.) http://www.squidoo.com/feature-article#module31443812 Editorial Cartoon
Elements of an editorial cartoon:
Characters or caricatures: size, placement and similarity to the real thing
Setting: how and where is it depicted?
Text, labels, dialogue: are these necessary for identification? Or a gag?
Peripherals or objects: same with characters
Content or opinion on the issue: simple as it may seem but packs a punch
Gag: what makes it funny and different from others? Introduction
General Writing Guide
Journalism's first obligation is to the truth.
It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise.
The Elements of Journalism
by Bill Kovach and Rosentiel Its first loyalty is to citizens.
Its essence is a discipline of verification.
Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover. It must serve as an independent monitor of power. It must strive to make the significant interesting and relevant.
It must keep the news comprehensive and proportional.
Its practitioners must be allowed to exercise their personal conscience. Ethics is not:
Following the law
Following culturally accepted norms
Science http://www.journalism.org/node/72 Journalist's Code of Ethics
Formulated by Philippine Press Institute and National Press Club
1. I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts or to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognise the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.
2. I shall not violate confidential information or material given me in the exercise of my calling.
3. I shall resort only to fair and honest methods in my effort to obtain news, photographs and/or documents, and shall properly identify myself as a representative of the press when obtaining any personal interview intended for publication.
4. I shall refrain from writing reports which will adversely affect a private reputation unless the public interest justifies it. At the same time, I shall fight vigorously for public access to information.
5. I shall not let personal motives or interests influence me in the performance of my duties; nor shall I accept or offer any present, gift or other consideration of a nature which may cast doubt on my professional integrity.
6. I shall not commit any act of plagiarism.
7. I shall not in any manner ridicule, cast aspersions on, or degrade any person by reason of sex, creed, religious belief, political conviction, cultural and ethnic origin.
8. I shall presume persons accused of crime of being innocent until proven otherwise. I shall exercise caution in publishing names of minors and women involved in criminal cases so that they may not unjustly lose their standing in society.
9. I shall not take unfair advantage of fellow journalists.
10. I shall accept only such tasks as are compatible with the integrity and dignity of my profession, invoking the ‘conscience clause’ when duties imposed on me conflict with the voice of my conscience.
11. I shall comport myself in public or while performing my duties as journalist in such manner as to maintain the dignity of my profession. When in doubt, decency should be my watch word. Introduction
General Writing Guide
THOU SHALL NOT PLAGIARIZE Plagiarism has its origins in the Latin word, “plagiarius,” meaning “a plunderer” or thief. In modern times, plagiarism is defined as the act of stealing and passing off the words or ideas of another as one’s own without proper acknowledgment of the source. http://storify.com/jimayson/tito-sotto-s-plagiarism-spawns-a-twitter-meme-sott For titles and headlines:
Grab the reader's attention. Avoid long words
Use “Why their Pinakbet is Better” over “Superiority of the Ilokano Pinakbet” Use the Ws
Choose “What you should know about college entrance exams” over “Useful information about college entrance exams” Translate it to “human” terms
Try “When we Sweat the Cold Sweat” before “The problem of Worry
Disorders” Use alliterations
“Star Studied” before “Examining Stars in the Sky” Use the direct approach sparingly, except in news headlines
“The Tears that Strong Men Weep” vs. “Repression and Male Strength” Employ Irony when possible
Try “The Perils of Stardom” over “Anonymous and Loving it” Wit can really help
Use “Moon Struck” rather than “The Men who went to the Moon” Contrast helps
“The Luck of Losers” is more interesting than “What you can Learn from Misfortune” The Body Know your synonyms.
Usually words that have the same meaning are avoided when they are too close together because it avoids annoying the reader. Watch your tenses.
Peggy had wandered up and down the street, shouting hysterically while sirens wailed. She had been taken home. When the news was brought to her, she had blamed God. Later, she blamed the government, the factory owners, the local authority … Quote when necessary. Interpret carefully. Use these tools:
vivid description, ironies, contrasts, stunning figures, anecdotes, use everything as needed. The Ending Sum it up.
Such demanding work and hours get considerable loyalty and friendship. No wonder Mrs. Cruz can say that after all her years of teaching, she has never seen such a closely bonded class than IV-Solidarity. Try your wits.
The airplane took off at eight, with its passengers defying the trend of Online Casinos or gaming. Still, 40 minutes later, their luck ran out. Make them think about your message.
So the next time you see an electronic car, be sure to wave. You helped pay for it. Listen for ironies.
There’s one more thing you haven’t tried and it’s the most expensive thing on the menu- too bad it’s the smallest and most vile-tasting morsel you’ve eaten. Look to the future.
Who knows how people would communicate by the year 3000? Other tips! It took me fifteen years to discover I had no talent for writing, but I couldn't give it up because by that time I was too famous.
- Robert Benchley And by the way, everything in life is writable about if you have the outgoing guts to do it, and the imagination to improvise. The worst enemy to creativity is self-doubt.
-Sylvia Plath Don't tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass.
-Anton Chekhov P.S. Write, read, read again, read again.
UP Journalism Club Campus Journalism Workshop Workbook 08-09 Thanks!