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Comparison between Shakespeare (Othello) and Orwell

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by

R S

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of Comparison between Shakespeare (Othello) and Orwell

Themes:
Political
Are there any similarities of plot/characters/theme?
Othello
vs.
1984
Why is Shakespeare mentioned twice in 1984?
Characters:
Comparison between Shakespeare and Orwell
Brief History
1492- Columbus arrived in Cuba and it became a Spanish ruled colony
1868- Ten year war- first try for independence, it failed
1898- USS Maine explodes in Havana, this caused the Spanish-American War.
**Dec. 10- Treaty of Paris ended the war and gave Spain rein over Cuba
1899- Spanish Colonial govt. withdraws power and the N.A. Military Governor gains power
1901- Complete Independence, US troops withdraw and they elect president
1962- Cuban Missile Crisis due to Cold War, this results in US trade embargo on Cuba
1965- Communist become the governing party
Government
Communist state
president: Raul Castro Ruz- brother gave him power
elected by hat assembly
freedom of speech though said to be one of the most censored countries
Cubans cannot leave or return to Cuba without official permission which is often denied
education is free
free healthcare- no right to privacy or refusing treatment
freedom of religion, but limit on religious activity
Plot
"With its grace and carelessness it seemed to annihilate a whole culture, a whole system of thought, as though Big Brother and the Party and the Thought Police could all be swept into nothingness by a single splendid movement of the arm. That too was a gesture belonging to the ancient time. Winston woke up with the word "Shakespeare" on his lips."
(Orwell 31)
.
" ' By the year 2050 - earlier probably -all real knowledge of Oldspeak will have disappeared. The whole literature of the past will have been destroyed. Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron - they'll exist only in Newspeak versions, not merely changed into something different, but actually changed into something contradictory of what they used to be."
(Orwell 56)
How are the political/social/cultural contexts similar?
How different?
Social/Cultural
The protagonists in both
Othello
and
1984
get betrayed and manipulated to the point where their story ends up in a tragedy and both their lovers are gone from them.
Othello
1984
Othello / Roderigo
Iago
O' Brien
Winston Smith
Illusion vs. Reality
Isolation
Manipulation
Inequality ->
Othello
Equality ->
1984
Power of...
the individual
position
the people
manipulation
love and hate
End
Full transcript