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Rescuing and Moving Victims

First Aid: Taking Action (Chapter 25)

krista statler

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of Rescuing and Moving Victims

Rescuing & Moving Victims Fire Hazardous Materials Vehicle Crashes Moving Victims 1) Remove everyone from the area. Close doors as you leave. 2) Call 9-1-1, set off alarms, or follow other workplace protocols 3)Use extinguisher to combat fire -The fire is small
-You can easily and quickly escape the area
-You know how to use the fire extinguisher
-You can stay between the exit and the fire,
so that you can always safely get ou 4)Do not enter an area of flames and smoke in an attemp to rescue others 5)If trapped inside -In a smoky room, crawl along the floor where there is breathable air
-Do not open a door that feels hot
-Do not use elevators
-turn off ventilation system, stuff towels or rags (wet if possible) into door cracks and vents, and use a phone to report your location 1) Stay out of the area and keep bystanders away 2) Outside, stay upwind of the area to avoid possible fumes 3) Call 9-1-1 4) Approach victim only if you are sure it is safe to do so.
With large exposer to hazarous materials, guide the victim
to an emergancy shower or rinse skin and clothing with a hose.
Do only what you have been trained to do. 1) Stay a safe distance past the crash and
turn on your vehicle's hazard lights. 2)Call 9-1-1 if you have a cellphone,
or ask someone else to call. 3) If available, set up warning triangles well back from the scene to warn oncoming traffic. Flares should be used only when there are no spilled chemicals and no chance of grass fire. 4) Ensure that the scene is safe before you approach the crash vehicle.
Stay away if there are risks from passing traffic, downed electrical
wires, fire, or vehicle instability. Do not try to stabilize the vehicle
unless you have special training. 5) If vehicle is running, ask the driver to turn off the ignition.
If the driver is unresponsive and you can do so safely, reach
in and turn the ignition off. 6) Do not try to remove a victim trapped inside
a vehicle; wait for professional rescuers. 7) Assume that an unresponsive victim may have a neck injury.
If the scene is safe, support the victim's head and neck with
your hands 8) Do not move the victim unless there is an immidiate threat of fire. If so, get several bystanders to help to move the victim while
you support the victim's head in line with the body the whole time. 9) Provide BLS and care for and serious injuries while waiting for help. 1)Try to move the victim only if you are physically able and can do so safely. 2) Get help from others at the scene. 3) With an unresponsive victim or a victim with a
spinal injury, support the head and neck in line with the body during the move. 4) Use good body mechanics. 5) If alone:
For an unresponsive victim with
suspected spinal injury: For a short distance, use the SHOULDER DRAG
(supporting the victim's head against your chest)
or the CLOTHES DRAG (supporting the vctim's
head with the clothing taut between your hands). Use BLANKET DRAG to support the
victim's head for a longer distance. For an unresponsive victim without a spinal injury:
The ANKLE DRAG is easier to use for short distances over a smooth surface. 6) With help of one or more others:
for responsive victim: Use the two-person assist or
TWO-HEADED SEAT CARRY. For an unresponsive victim:
Use three to six recuers with
responsive victims. For a lighter victim or child:
responsive victims For an unresponsive victim who cannot safely be moved with a drag (if you are strong enough to lift the victim):
Use the PACKSTRAP CARRY. For a responsive victim who can walk with help:
Use the one- or two-person WALKING ASSIST. Triage Priorities for Multiple Victims FIRST
(Critical Conditon)
Victims with life-threatening injuries who cannot wait for help. Examples:
Airway or breathing problems
Severe bleeding
Severe burn Second
(Serious Condition)
Victims with injuries that need care very soon but may be able to wait for help Examples:
Broken bones
Other injuries not severely bleeding Third
(Stable Condition)
Victims who can wait for some time
Minor Injuries
Victims who can walk Fourth
(Obviously dead or dying)
Victims who cannot be saved
Not breathing after an attempt to
open airway (unless there are there are no first-priority victims) Concluding Thoughts Remember that your own safety must be assured before rescuing or moving a victim in any situation. Pause to think and plan before acting, andthen move carefully to protect both yourself and the victim from further injury. Thank You!
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