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The Effects of the British Empire on Ghana
Transcript of The Effects of the British Empire on Ghana
Effects on Modern-Day Ghana
Modern day Ghana has many properties linking it back to Britain. For an example, the national language of Ghana is English. This is because the British colonies were the largest and the hardest to overthrow in the 18th century. Also, the main sports in Ghana are boxing, tennis, basketball, hockey, cricket, rugby, golf, and athletics. These are some of the main sports in Britain, obviously, the British colonies often held sporting events and the natives started playing these games as well. Due to Ghana being one of the first African countries to start playing these sports, Ghana are working towards becoming the preeminent African nation in many sporting disciplines.
Treatmet of Natives
The British colonies did not actually treat the natives of Ghana that badly. Slave trade was abolished in Britain quite early on but there were other countries that carried on in the slave trade. Between the 15th and the 18th century, millions of slaves were transported to north and south America. Over 1.5 million of these died on the journey. Only around 200,000 slaves were traded with British colonies. The British colonies had to protect whole villages sometimes, this was because if they didn't, the Ashanti tribes would kidnap people and them sell them to other European countries. This was one of the main reasons that the Ashanti tribes did not get on well with the British colonies- because the British had outlawed slave trading and this was what the Ashanti tribes relied on for their income.
Modern Day Ghana is run by a president and is following alternating military and civilian governments. When it is a military government, the army basically controls the whole country, whereras, when it is a civilian government, it is just like what we have: every 5 years the civilian population elect a prime minister or president. Another thing that has been determined by the history is where the reigons in modern day Ghana are. For example, the Ashanti region is around the centre of Ghana, but a bit closer to the south, where the gold coast is. This is probably because the Ashanti tribes were often trying to capture the gold coast.
About the Gold Coast
In the 15th century Ghana, along with other African kingdoms were discovered by Portugal. Portugal built the first European settlement and started trading various things such as gold, guns and knives. Other European countries quickly heard of this and started trading along the coast. In the late 19th century the British Empire seized control of the Gold Coast and started invading and even buying other colonies.
In the 18th century, slave trade was banned in Britain, however, there was a tribe that caused a lot of trouble for Britain. This was the Ashanti tribe and they kept on selling slaves to other European countries where slave trade was still legal. This led to a war between the British and the Ashanties. The Ashanti tribe defeated Britain in the first two battles where Britain massively underestimated the power and weponary that the Ashanti tribes conained thanks to years of slave trading. Ashanti tribe then attempted to capture the Cape Coast for, which is where they failed. The British fort, Cape Coast was the biggest and most powerful of the British forts. The Danish colonies were considering leaving Africa because they were unhappy with the profit that they were making, but, they did not want to go home empty handed, they offered some of their forts to Britain and threatened to sell them to other powers such as France or the Dutch. Due to this Britain was forced to pay £10'000 to the Daines. In 1872, the Dutch also sold their forts to Britain, however, this caused another war against the Ashanties because they did not have access to any ports accept British ones, and, considering the history between the Ashanti tribes and the British colonies, this is no surprise.