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Copy of Castles

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Sharon Low

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Castles

Medieval Castles Parts of a Castle By: Maddy Niehaus, Cecelia Gozodwski, Ryan Hauter, and Eddie Uher In the 10th century, castles began to improve. These castles were known as the Motte and Bailey castle. A motte was made of earth and timber. The motte was a mound of dirt that was about 80 feet tall. This was were the lookout tower was. The bailey was at the base of the motte, on level ground. The motte and bailey were connected by a wooden bridge that could be removed if there were enemies in the bailey. The Motte and Bailey castles were pretty small, and easy to build. The second type of castle was the Rectangular Keep. (11th and 12th Century). The Rectangular Keep was made up of stone, and had thick walls. The castle could not be built on a motte, due to the weight of the stone. The only way to get into the Rectangular Keep castle was through the second floor, this made it harder for enemies to break in. The castle was then surrounded by a stone wall. An example of a Rectangular Keep is the Tower of London. Castles were first built in A.D. 900. They were made out of earth and timber. The castles were easy to put up and take down. Castles were a symbol of power.
They also showed who owned the
land, so that no one else would
use it. The shape and size of a castle depended on how much money the owner had.
The owner of the castle also got to choose were the castle was going to be put. The bailey was were the people and and animals lived. Sometimes, there was more than one bailey attached to the motte. Both the motte and bailey were surrounded by a wooden fence. A ditch also surrounded the motte and bailey. A drawbridge was used to get across the ditch, into the bailey. In the 13th century, the Shell Keep Castle began to be built. This castle was an upgraded version of the Motte and Bailey castle.
The shape of the shell keep was a circle or semi-circle.
Instead of a wooden fence, the shell keep was surrounded by a stone wall, just like the rectangular keep castle.
Rooms were located inside the wall, and the courtyard was located in the middle of the castle. Restormel Castle in England Then, in the 13th and 14th century the Concentric Castles started to be built. The concentric castle was a combination of the rectangular keep and shell keep.
The castle was surrounded by two walls instead of one. Sometimes, a moat would be in between both walls.
This type of castle was hard to attack, and break into, because the enemies had to go through two walls and a moat.
The towers were round, instead of square. Because the round towers were stronger then the square towers, and help up better against attacks. The Donjon or Dungeon - prisoners were kept in the part of the donjon way down below. The lord and his workers worked in the donjon as well. Lastly, food was also stored in the donjon.

The Great Hall - this was the most important part of the castle, because this was where everyone who lived in the castle ate.

The Bedchamber - this was where the people slept. There was a mice problem in casltes, so a pole was in the bedchamber, to hang clothes.

The Kitchen - all the food was cooked and prepared in the kitchen.

The Bathrooms and Toilets - the toliets were made out of stone, which sat over a deep pit. Since there was no running water, people bathed only a few times a year. A big wooden tub was used as a bath which was in the bedchambers.

Stone walls and moats were on the outside of a castle, and used to keep attackers out. The only way to get into the castle was by its drawbridge. Castles started to die down in the 15th century because of the creation of gunpowder, and because of political changes, which included the change of political geography. http://www.medieval-castles.org/pictures/fairytale_like_castle.htm http://metsmerizedonline.com/2012/08/should-the-mets-retire-the-moneyball-project.html/money http://www.lonelyplanet.com/great-britain/images/tower-of-london$25403-115 http://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-g528852-d2209680-Reviews-Restormel_Castle-Lostwithiel_Cornwall_England.html
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