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Transcript of Motivation
Or Theory Y?
Explains why workers may complain about wages, benefits, working conditions--existence needs. Although important, these may be exaggerated because relatedness and growth needs cannot be satisfied
Need for Achievement
Need for Affiliation
Need for Power
Wants to improve. Likes to solve problems and master complex tasks.
Prefers individual responsibilities, challenging goals, and feedback.
Desires warm relationships. Needs others.
Wants opportunities for communication
Wants to control others. Wants to influence behavior. Like attention and recognition.
Others' Outcomes Others' Efforts
Motivational Impact of Reward
Motivation = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valence
If I think I can do it
And I think doing it will result in a reward
And I value the reward
I will be motivated!
What about goals?
"Just do your best."
Strengthens Behaviors( Reinforcement
Providing a pleasant response
Removing an unpleasant response
Providing an unpleasant condition
Removing all reinforcement
What Rewards Should You Offer?
How Should You Design Jobs?
Intrinsic things like..
Motivation - the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal.
The best hygiene factors can do is eliminate
External Factors = supervision, policy, working conditions,