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Motivation

Template provided by Allison Duke
by

Dan Andrews

on 6 February 2016

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Transcript of Motivation

Are You Theory X?
Or Theory Y?
Motivation-hygiene theory?
Extrinsic
Motivators
Hygiene ?
Achievement
recognition
responsibility
Frustration-Regression

Explains why workers may complain about wages, benefits, working conditions--existence needs. Although important, these may be exaggerated because relatedness and growth needs cannot be satisfied
Need for Achievement
Need for Affiliation
Need for Power
Wants to improve. Likes to solve problems and master complex tasks.
Prefers individual responsibilities, challenging goals, and feedback.
Desires warm relationships. Needs others.
Wants opportunities for communication
Wants to control others. Wants to influence behavior. Like attention and recognition.
My Outcomes
My Efforts
Others' Outcomes Others' Efforts
>
<
Equity Theory
Expectancy Theory
Reward Received
Equity Comparison
Motivational Impact of Reward
Motivation = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valence
Huh?
If I think I can do it
And I think doing it will result in a reward
And I value the reward
I will be motivated!
What about goals?
"Just do your best."

Feedback?
Strengthens Behaviors( Reinforcement
Theory)
Providing a pleasant response
Removing an unpleasant response
Weakens Behaviors
Providing an unpleasant condition
Removing all reinforcement
What Rewards Should You Offer?
Equity Theory
How Should You Design Jobs?
Skill Variety
Task Identity
Task Significance
Autonomy
Feedback
Job Enlargement
Job Enrichment
Job Rotation

http://www.bnet.com/2422-13724_23-314287.html
http://www.bnet.com/2422-13724_23-182940.html
Intrinsic things like..
Motivation - the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal.
The best hygiene factors can do is eliminate
dissatisfaction!
External Factors = supervision, policy, working conditions,
Full transcript