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Transcript of THEME STUDY
To Kill a Mockingbird
Quotations to Support my Statement
"People generally see what they look for, and hear what they listen for." -Judge Taylor Ch. 17, Page 174
"I think there's just one kind of folks. Folks." -Scout Ch. 23, Page 227
"You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view- until you climb into his skin and walk around in it." -Atticus Ch. 3, Page 39
"The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in a courtroom, be he any colour of the rainbow..." -Atticus Ch. 23, Page 295
Poem: Strange Fruit by Abel Meeropol
Southern trees bear strange fruit,
Blood on the leaves and blood at the root,
Black bodies swinging in the southern breeze,
Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees.
Pastoral scene of the gallant south,
The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth,
Scent of magnolias, sweet and fresh,
Then the sudden smell of burning flesh.
Here is fruit for the crows to pluck,
For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck,
For the sun to rot, for the trees to drop,
Here is a strange and bitter crop.
It's easy to be prejudiced; if people see one person misbehaving, they stereotype. Once we've decided that "these" people are a certain way, all we look for is that character trait. We see what we look for and hear what we listen for.
The book takes place in a small southern town in the late thirties, and one of the main events in the book is the trial of a black man. In the trial, it is basically one man's word against another's, but it is obvious that the man is innocent. However, he is convicted as guilty by the jury. This is because they are very much biased against him. When people are in court everyone should get a fair say, no matter what they're on trial for. Identifying discrimination in court is key to overcoming prejudice.
Song: A Church is Burning by Paul Simon
A church is burning
The flames rise higher
Like hands that are praying
Aglow in the sky
Like hands that are praying
The fire is saying,
"You can burn down my churches
But I shall be free."
Three hooded men through the back roads did creep
Torches in their hands while the village lies asleep
Down to the church where, just hours before
Voices were singing, and
Hands were beating, and
Saying, "I won't be a slave anymore."
Three hooded men, their hands lit the spark
And they faded in the night, and they vanished in the dark
And in the cold light of morning, there is nothing that remains
But the ashes of a Bible and a can of kerosene
A church is more than just timber and stone
And freedom is a dark road when you're walking it alone
But the future is now, and it's time to take a stand
So the lost bells of freedom can ring out in my land
This song was written by Paul Simon in the 1960's about an African-American church that was set on fire by KKK members. He sung, "b
ut the future is now, and it's time to take a stand
Paul Simon exposed the horrible events that were going on in southern communities and showed people that it was truly time to take a stand to stop the racism going on.
This poem is about racism in America, particularly the lynching of African-Americans. Lynching means killing someone (especially by hanging) for an alleged offense without a legal trial. Billie Holiday sung this poem, and her regular record compony wouldn't record it because it was dangerous to speak against the lynchings. Billie Holiday and
Abel Meeropol exposed the racism that was happening in America and showed people how awful it was.
Nonfiction Text: Newspaper Article
Brad Friedel thinks the authorities face a long and hard battle in their bid to stamp out racism in football after the problem reared its ugly head during Tottenham's defeat to Inter Milan last night.
Emmanuel Adebayor scored in extra-time to send Tottenham through on away goals, but his evening was overshadowed by the racist behaviour of a pocket of Inter fans.
Some Nerazzurri supporters monkey chanted when the Togo striker was the focus of play in the San Siro ground while one fan had brought an inflatable banana to the game.
Inter were fined £43,000 for waving inflatable bananas and unfurling abusive banners aimed at Mario Balotelli and his team-mate Sulley Muntari in last month's Milan derby, while the club also received a £12,900 fine after sections of their support sang racist chants about the former Manchester City striker during a game against Chievo.
Friedel, a professional of 18 years who has played across Europe and the United States, is aware of UEFA and FIFA's campaigns to try to eradicate racism in the game, but the 41-year-old thinks the problem will be hard to stamp out because it runs so deep in society.
"They (UEFA) can do what they are doing and set up campaigns and things of this nature, but until certain countries want to set up their infrastructure and school systems, and they go inside the parents' heads and the households, things will not change," the Spurs goalkeeper said.
"When they do that then things will change, not so much (through) campaigns and things of that nature.
"I think education should be more stringent."
UEFA is expected to reveal today whether they will investigate the chanting towards Adebayor.
The organisation has, in the past, been criticised for what is perceived to be a weak response to racism in football, although they did order Lazio to play two European games behind closed doors following repeated racism from some of the club's fans.
Friedel did not hear the chanting in the San Siro last night, but he is in no doubt that racism exists throughout society.
He added: "Unfortunately I live with it every day. My wife is from Barbados so we get to see it up close and personal. People can talk about it being out of society all they want but I am afraid it's not.
"It's worldwide. I think it's disgusting. I think it's just ignorant people."
Inter Milan v Tottenham: Brad Friedel concedes tackling racism is tough
Paul Hirst Friday 15 March 2013, The Independent
Brad Friedel is a professional soccer player and during one of his games a teammate had racial slurs yelled at him on the field. Friedel says that he thinks that things won't change soon. I disagree. Revealing the discriminatory things that people do in everyday life is one of the first things we can do to make a change worldwide and to stop racism.
This song was written by Paul Simon in the 1960's about an African-American church that was set on fire by KKK members. In the chorus he sung, "the fire is saying, you can burn down my churches but I shall be free." I think he is referring to the fire or spirit of the African-Americans; even though their church was burnt down, they still didn't give up.
This is what Scout, the little girl and main character says in the story. I think this shows that we gain prejudices as we get older. I think this is interesting because kids often miss what adults call the obvious but see prejudices where adults overlook them.
Often we stereotype and judge people because we don't know their situation. If we try to imagine what someone's life is like, and try to "step into their skin" it's so much harder judge someone and so much easier to see what we are overlooking and to overcome our prejudices.
We often stereotype. We see someone from a certain "group" doing something and we assume "they" are all like that. Once we've made that false connection in our mind, we look for our stereotype. We see what we look for and hear what we listen for, and that isn't okay. Identifying that we do that helps us see prejudice in ways that we often miss it.
Passage from a Spiritual Text: The Bible
Matthew 7:1 Do not judge, or you too will be judged.
Movie Clip: Rabbit-Proof Fence
This movie is based on a true story about the persecution of Australian Aborigines in the 1930s. Government policy at the time took half-caste children from their families and put them in settlements to be put into servitude for the whites to, "save them from themselves." The movie is about 3 girls (2 sisters and their cousin) who escape from a settlement to walk 2400 km home.
How does this relate to identifying racism? When you, as an individual, look closer at your actions and stop your own prejudice against other people, you are showing an example. It's true that when you judge, other people judge against you. So don't. Other people may follow.
Shakespeare Quote: Romeo and Juliet
O Romeo, Romeo,
wherefore art thou Romeo?
Deny thy father and refuse thy name,
Or if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love,
And I’ll no longer be a Capulet.(2.1.74–78)
I chose this quote from Romeo and Juliet because in this moment Juliet realizes that she doesn't care that Romeo is from the family her family is fighting with. She realizes that her family's prejudices against the Montagues are nothing and that she loves Romeo. Romeo & Juliet do die in the play, but at the end the feuding families make up. They expose the discriminations that their families have against each other and the families stop fighting.
This is the bus that Rosa Parks sat in on one day, in the middle of the bus, far behind the spots reserved for white people. When the bus filled up and a white man got on, the bus driver asked four black people, including Rosa Parks, to give up their seats just for the white man. She refused to give up her seat (and was arrested), and thus doing so sparked a massive boycott which eventually led to the US Supreme Court ruling that Montgomery City buses were integrated.
Rosa Parks noticed that the segregation laws were a problem. She took a stand against racism and eventually caused the law to be changed. This is an amazing example of people identifying that something is wrong and something good coming out of it.
In spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart. I simply can't build up my hopes on a foundation consisting of confusion, misery, and death.
We, as individuals, and as a society, can overcome racism and prejudice. We can start by identifying it in it's many forms as Harper Lee did (magnificently) in "To Kill a Mockingbird." I believe that people are good at heart and that we
stop racism, prejudice, and discrimination.
Identifying racism and prejudice is one of the first steps to overcoming them, as an individual and in society.
This movie is a prime example of exposing racism and showing people the awful things that happened. Once people identify racism the next step is to wipe it out.