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Transcript of Renaissance
By:Ian Bailey and David Medina
The Virgin and Child with St. Anne
This high altarpiece painting for the Church of Santissima Annunziata in Florence done by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci showing Christ grasping on the lamb to represent his passion as the virgin pulls back on him. Leonardo was born April 15, 1452 "at the third hour of the night" in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci.
This oil painting done by the Italian artist Raphael showing Mary, Jesus and John the baptist starring and gazing at the cross. Mary putting her hand on John to find him comfort.. Jesus taking the cross indicating his passion.
Raphaels real name is Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino born April 6th or March 28 of 1483. His work was mostly admired for its form of clarity.
By the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world."
Leonardo being known and considered as one of the greatest painters of all time and the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
The frescoe painting "School of Athens" was painted by the famous artist Raphael. It was situated in the Vatican's papal library. It represents Philosophy as the Renaissance society understood it. The setting is not a "school" but a congregation of the great philosophers and scientists of the ancient world. This painting is a frescoes
The Holy Trinity
One of Masaccio last major commissions and is said to be one of his master pieces located along the middle of the basilica's left aisle. The Holy Trinity is known as the greatest Renaissance paintings of the 15th century. Masaccio was the first great painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance. Died at the age of 26.
Kiss of Judas
This painting by Giotto takes place at the Garden of Gethsemane after the Last Supper and is also known as the Betrayal of Christ. This then leads straight into the Arrest o Christ. Giotto is an italian painter and architect from Florence and is considered the first in a line of great artist who contributed to the Italian Renaissance. Giotto was known from creating his paintings according to nature.
Madonna in Majest
In this painting, Madonna represents Mary. They're 2 parts to this painting, Mary either alone or holding her son Jesus. Mary always center focus of this photo and she could either be surrounded by "Adoring Angels" or "Worshiping Saints". The word "ma donna" is Italian for My Lady as referring to Mary.
Cimabue is the Florentine painter behind this work of art. Cimabue was also known as Cenni Di Pepi. Born in Florence and died in Pisa.
The altarpiece painting showing "Madonna and Child" enthroned with Angels and Saints at there side. June 9, 1311 is when this painting was put in the Cathedral of Siena. The Italian Artist Duccio was born and raised in Siena in Tuscany in the year. One of the artist to use modeling and play with the different shades of colors.
Madonna of the Magnifocat
Being recognized with the Tondo church of San Francesco al Monte, Italian artist Sandro Botticelli shows two guardians crowning Mary while holding her son. Botticelli real name was Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, best known for his Birth of Venus and Primavera pieces.
Madonna of Humility
This type of painitng is the earliest made of its kind which was the year 1346. Madonna meaning Mary again and Humility meaning earth or ground in Latin. This painting is really known for being at the Museo Nazionale in Palermo, Italy. Italian artist Domenico di Bartolo was born in Asciano between the years 1400/1404. Died in Siena around 1445.
Beheading of St. John the Baptist
The beheading of St. John also known as Beheading of the Forerunner is a well known painting done by the famous North Italian artist Bernardino Luini. John was said to have been beheaded on the 29th of August. Which now Christians have turned to a holy day to commemorate his martyrdom. St. John's beheading was said to have taken place in the fortress of Machaerus under the hand of Herod Antipater. Luini was known for being apart of "Leonardos circle" but mostly for his graceful female figures with elongated eyes, which he called "Luinesque by Vladimir Nabokov".
The Creation of Adam
This fresco painting done by Michelangelo well known to be found in the Sistine Chapel forming part of the ceiling, The creation of Adam is telling the story in which God breathes life into the first man Adam. This painting is based on the Biblical creation narrative from the Book of Genesis. Michelangelo, born as Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni on March 6, 1475. The Italian painter was not just a painter but also a sculptor, painter, architect, poet. He was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime and held to the honor of being known as one of the greatest artist of all time.
School of Athens
Lamentation of Christ
Another well known piece by Giotto di Bondone but known as Giotto, that is painted in the Scrovegni Chapel. Lamentation of Christ is showing the day after Jesus was crucified and his body was removed from the cross. This piece is known for including the cycle of the life of Jesus.
Sacred and Profane
This oil painting by Titan also known as Venus and the Bride painted in 1514. This painting is well known and identified because of the "Coat of Arms" that appears on the sarcophagus or the fountain to celebrate Venus marriage to the young window Laura. Titan was the most important member of the 16th century Venetian school also was one of the most versatile of Italian painters.
The Last Supper
The late 15th century famous painting by Leonardo di Vinci. The painting represents Jesus and his disciplies in the last scene of The Last Supper from the Gospel of John 13:21. The exact moment of this painting is said to be when Jesus announced that one of them has betrayed him. This painting is famous to be found covering an end wall of the dining hall at the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy. Leonardo is mostly famous for his piece Mona Lisa.
Located in the Brancacci Chapel of the basilica of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence, this piece is considered Masaccios best work. This painting is part of the circle of life of Saint Peter and shows Jesus directing Peter to find a coin in the mouth of a fish so he can pay the temple tax. This scene is from the Gospel of Matthews. Masaccio was the first great painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance. He was famous for painting life like figures and making paintings look in three dimension.
The Betrothal of the Virgin
This oil painting also known as The Marriage of the Virgin done by the Italian artist Raphel. This piece was done for a Franciscan church in Città di Castello. This painting shows the marriage ceremony of Mary and Joseph. This is also known by one of Raphels last pieces according to the date right next to his signaure in 1504. Raphels best piece of art is known to be The School of Athens.
David with the Head of Goliath
In this unusual piece shape you see David standing over the head of a Goliath, this is shown because Italy felt threatened by them so David was basically their shield. Andrea del Castagno is the creator of this painting and is well known and famous for his version of The Last Supper which is said to be his best piece.
Saint Michael Overwhelming the Demon
This oil on wood painting done by Raphael is also known as The Small Saint Michael. This piece shows the Archangel Michael in combat with the demons of Hell, while the damned suffer behind him. This was the first martial subjects piece Raphael has made. Sources say the this painting may have consulted with Dantes Inferno.
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden
This painting which is also known by Portinari Triptych by Hugo van der Goes is representing Adoration of the shepherds and can be found in Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence, Italy. Van der Goes was known for making his characters look very realistic also for this piece, This was his most famous and well known one. Van der goes was born close to Ghent.
This piece made by Titian shows Eve reaching for the apple in the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Titan made Eves express to show that she was being tempted into taking the apple. Titian was a leader of the 16th century Venentain school.
The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden is a fresco by the Italian Early Renaissance artist Masaccio. The fresco is a single scene from the cycle painted around 1425 by Masaccio, Masolino and others on the walls of the Brancacci Chapel in the church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence. It depicts the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the garden of Eden, from the biblical Book of Genesis chapter 3, albeit with a few differences from the canonical account.
The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, is a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art. The Sistine Chapel is also part of the large fresco The Last Judgement, along with many other paintings.
David is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created between 1501 and 1504, by the Italian artist Michelangelo. It is a 5.17-meter (17.0 ft) marble statue of a standing male nude. The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favored subject in the art of Florence. Originally commissioned as one of a series of statues of prophets to be positioned along the roof line of the east end of Florence Cathedral, the statue was placed instead in a public square, outside the Palazzo della Signoria, the seat of civic government in Florence, where it was unveiled on 8 September 1504
The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
The Sistine Chapel
Battle of the Centaurs is a relief by Italian Renaissance artist Michelangelo, created around 1492. It was the last work Michelangelo created while under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, who died shortly after its completion. Inspired by a classical relief created by Bertoldo di Giovanni, the unfinished marble sculpture depicts the mythic battle between the Lapiths and the Centaurs. A popular subject of art in ancient Greece, the story was suggested to Michelangelo by the classical scholar and poet Poliziano. It was also the first sculpture Michelangelo created without the use of a bow drill and the first sculpture to reach such a state of completion with the marks of the subbia chisel left to stand as a final surface.
Battle of the Centaurs