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Macbeth Act I

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Philipp Steitz

on 2 July 2014

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Transcript of Macbeth Act I

Macbeth Act I
Scene 2
Scene 3
Scene 1
Scene 4
Scene 5
Strong and brutal warrior who is loyal to his King
Put under pressure and got manipulated by wife
leads him to not following his instinct
good friend of Banquo's
witches prophecy slowly poison his character
the evil powers that set everything going
They waken the human nature of jealousy and ambition
poison their minds with unrealistic expectations
strong warrior
good friend
loyal servant
is interested in his future and gaining power but
doesn't trust witches as much as Macbeth does
doesn't want to do anything necesary for it
alternative way of dealing with the prophecy
difference to Macbeth
wise, intelligent King
depends on his servants and warriors (Macbeth, Banquo)
doesn't abuse power but wants his family on the throne
superior, above others
eventually caring loving
she's the one who wants to achieve power and glory
very ambitious
willing to do everything even giving up her humanity
doesn't shrink from anything
manipulates and forces her husband into killing the King
lies to the King
decitful, cool and calculating
dissembles herself
Themes And Motifs
Lady Macbeth
three witches

'thunder, lightning, rain' → gloomy, dangerous, scary

'Graymalkin, Paddock' → weird, funny

'battle' → dangerous, chaos

'hurly burly' → confused, chaotic

'fair is foul, and foul is fair' → unpredictable
Scene 6
Scene 7
The darkness carries over from scene 1. The situation is serious because they are in battle.
bloddy execution → violence, brutal, aggression
More cheerful atmosphere because of King Duncan's optimism
'vialant cousin', 'brave Macbeth' → hopeful, fearless

'Bellona's bridegroom' → certain of victory
Fair is foul and foul is fair (Scene 1, line 12)
Scene 4, lines 12-15:
Duncan says that if he had judged the Thane of Cawdor by his outward appearance, he never would have seen him as a traitor

Scene 5, lines 63-64:
Lady Macbeth wants Macbeth to present himself as loyal and innocent so that no one finds out about his dreadful intentions

Elizabethan Age:
Using one‘s free will does not only bring along advantages

The witches creat a very dark and misterious atmosphere
three witches:
fair is foul and foul is fair --> already know what will come

Witches creat an atmosphere of evil and chaos

Loss of an order because of their supernatural skills ( e.g. when they vanish )

When Macbeth enters → dramatic, important
Cold and brutal atmosphere → describtion of Cawdor's death

Macbeth and Banquo creat also a false, peaceful mood
Ambition Defeats Conscience
Scene 5, lines 38-52:
When finding out about the witches’ prophecy, Lady Macbeth is willing to lose all of her human character traits to be able to kill the king
Scene 7, lines25-28:
The only thing which makes Macbeth follow his intention is his “vaulting ambition” ( Scene 7, line 27)

Elizabethan Age:
In order to achieve their aim, the people did not always act the way one can arrange with his conscience
Because of L.M charakter there's an unlikeable, weird atmosphere full of darkness.
'Dunnest smoke of hell' → scary, gloomy

'My keen knife' → dangerous, cruel
thankful for Macbeths help in battle--> O valiant cousin, worthy gentleman
furious about break of trust
Loyalty vs. Desire

During the King's arrival the atmosphere is inviting and peaceful.
Scene 4, lines 22-23:
Macbeth says that being loyal pays off
Scene 4, lines 48-53:
After finding out that Malcom will become king, Macbeth falls for his “black and deep desires” (Scene 4, line 51)
Scene 7, lines 12-20:
Macbeth deals with an inner conflict because of Duncan trusting him, as well as being a good king so that Macbeth might not be able to withstand

Elizabethan Age:
When people have the possibility to make decisions on their,
they often consider only their own profit and therefore do not always act in a loyal way

'the air nimbly and sweetly' → happy, friendly

'The air is delicate' → save, peaceful
But L.M. only simulates her friendliness → false atmosphere
brutal-->unseamed him from the nace to th' chaps
strong warrior-->But all's to weak for brave Macbeth
loyal to his King
The atmosphere is very confused because of Macbeth's doubts.

L.M. Manipulates her husband and seems to be stronger → loss of an order
Classification Within The Play
Basis of the play: introduction of the characters and the prophecy
In this act, Macbeth decides to murder king Duncan
But: The actual murder does not take place in act I

Structure Within The Act
Accumulation of actions: the actions and happenings are based on each other and are essential for the line of actions

three witches:
like to get up to mischief-->(l.13 ff.)
1. Introduction of the characters and the prophecy

2. First part of the prophecy comes true

3. Duncan annouces that Malcom will be king

Mainly, the atmosphere of Act 1 is dark and chaotic.

The mysterious mood in the scenes suggests that something terrible will happen in the play.
courious about what witches said
doesn't belive them at first but later -->the greatest is behind
4. Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth about the prophecy

5. Macbeth‘s inner conflict

wants to hear his prophecy
doesn't believe witches-->Win us with honest trifles, to betray's
is happy for M-->Look how our partner's rapt
trusts his servants--> on whom I built an absolute trust
depends on them
grateful-->More is thy due than mor than all can pay
loyal-->our duties are to your throne and state
dissapointed when Malcolm is pronounced new king
already schemes for Malcolm's downfall --> for in my way it lies
very loyal--> The harvest is your own
not jealous that Macbeth gets more apraciation than he does
Lady Macbeth:
willing to do everything to reach her aims
--> unsex me here, make thick my blood
tries to charm Macbeth to convince him -->Great Glamis, worthy Cawdor
loves his wife --> My dearest love
not as overeager as wife--> We will speak further
not able to welcome Duncan
Lady Macbeth:
highly elaborated language
dissembles herself
is really kind and deceitful
praises Macbeth's castle
kind do Lady Macbeth --> our honoured hostess
doesn't go into Lady Macbeth's sweet talk
bad conscience --> leaves the banquet
doesn't want to do it--> we will proceed no further
has also doubts if he even is able to do it
is satisfied with his new title
begs his wife to stop --> wife dominant part has no chance against her
Lady Macbeth:
encourages Macbeth by challenging his manhood
Art thou afeard
talks away his doubts --> And we'll not fail
The witches plan their meeting with Macbeth
Sergeant tells of the heroic deeds of Macbeth
Duncan announces: Macbeth -> "Thane of Cawdor"
Witches prophecy:
Macbeth = king
Banquo = father of kings
Ross & Angus tell Macbeth of his new title
Macbeth thinks about possibility of killing the King in order to be king
King Duncan thanks Macbeth for his heroic service
announces that Malcolm is heir to the throne
Lady Macbeth reads Macbeth's letter about what witches said works herself up to work him up to murder
Macbeth arrives
--> Lady Macbeth tells him to look innocent and follow her lead
Duncan arrives at Macbeth's castle
is greeted by Lady Macbeth
Macbeth almost talks himself out of killing the King
Lady Macbeth makes her husband commit to their plan to murder the King
1.: How does Lady Macbeth convince Macbeth to commit the murder?
2.: How many characters say something in the whole 1st Act?
3.: In how many scenes do the witches appear?
4.: What are the three parts of the witches prophecy?
5.: How would you describe the relation between Macbeth and his wife?
Full transcript