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Brazil vs. USA

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by

Madeline Skeith

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Brazil vs. USA

. Foundations
Federal Republic
50 states
Constitution ratified in 1789
Three branches of government-Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Political Environment
Voluntary suffrage for 18 or older
Majority of population is Protestant(51.3%) Institutions of Government
Bicameral legislature- House of Representative and Senate
Supreme Court-9 Justices
President is Chief Executive and Head of State Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights-first ten amendments
Freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, speech
Right to bear arms (2nd)
No unreasonable search and seizures (4th)
Protection against self-incrimination, double jeopardy, due process, and eminent domain (5th)
No cruel and unusual punishment (8th)
Same-sex unions are not recognized by the government
Abortions are permitted, but there are restrictions
No protections for gender-based discrimination-ERA failed. Current Affairs
War on drugs
Border disputes
Natural disaster
Crime
Boston terrorist attack Foundations
Federal Republic
26 states and 1 federal district
Constitution was ratified in 1988
Three branches of government-Executive, Judicial, and Legislative Political Environment
Voluntary suffrage between the ages if 16-18 snd over 70
Compulsory voting between 18-70
Strict enforcement policies
Official language is Portuguese
Main religion is Roman Catholic
Multiparty system Institutions of Government
Legislative Branch is composed of the national congress.
Bicameral Legislature- National Congress is divided into Federal Senate (81 seats) and the Chamber of Deputies(513 seats)
Executive-President and Vice President
President grants pardons and reprieves, vetoes laws, nominates federal appointments, mobilizes the military, and executes the laws.
Assisted by the Ministers of State, the Council of the Republic, and the National Defense Council.
Vice Presidents sole responsibility is to assist the President and assume responsibilities in the event of vacancy.
Judiciary is organized unto federal and state branches.
Courts include the Supreme Federal Court, the Superior Court of Justice, the Federal Regional Courts and the Federal Judges, the Labor Courts and Judges, the Electoral Courts and Judges, the Military Courts and Judges, and the Courts and Judges of the States.
The Supreme Federal Court is composed of eleven Justices who are between the ages of 35 and 65 and have notable juridical learning and a spotless reputation. Justices of the Supreme Federal Court are appointed by the President for life and are confirmed by the absolute majority of the Senate.
Bill starts in one of the congressional houses. It must be approved by the absolute majority of the members of each House. If the bill of law is “approved by one House it shall be reviewed by the other in a single reading of discussing and voting and sent for sanctioning or promulgation, if approved by the reviewing House or it shall be dismissed”. If the bill is amended, it shall return to the House where it was proposed, until both Houses are able to reach an agreement. When the bill receives legislative approval, it goes to the President. The President can approve the bill, veto the entire bill, or veto articles of the bill. Civil Liberties
Freedom of conscience thought and belief
Freedom of expression of thought
Right to privacy
Secrecy of correspondence
Protection against cruel and unusual punishment
Right of access to public information
Freedom of assembly and petition
Education, health, work, leisure, security, social security, protection of motherhood and childhood, and assistance to the destitute, are social rights
Legalized same sex civil unions. Same-sex partners have the same rights as married couples with regards to pensions, social security benefits, and taxation.
Men and women have equal rights as stated by the Constitution
Decriminalization of libel and slander
Right to a jury
Sovereignty of verdicts
Due process rights
Protection against evidence illegally-obtained
The arrested person shall be informed of his rights
Protection against self-incrimination
The right to a lawyer regardless of financial status. Current Affairs
Brazil is the second largest consumer of cocaine
Uncontested boundary dispute between Uruguay
Smuggling of firearms and narcotics occurs between Uruguay.
High levels of violent crime
Brazilian police officers engage in abusive practices and torture is often used to extract confessions from suspects.
The prison system is overcrowded, unsanitary, and unfit for human habitation.
Forced labor is still present and rural laborers often work under slavery-like conditions.
Child labor-4.5 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 work in unsafe conditions
Human trafficking continues throughout Brazil for forced labor and commercial sexual prostitution. Brazil United States of America Similarities
* They have the same general government structure, but procedures are different.
* They have similar issues over border disputes and drugs.
* Brazil and U.S.A have a majority of the same freedoms such as freedom of expression
* The bills are started the same way- through the houses/ chambers.
Differences
* Brazil has stricter voting sanctions.
*Brazil allows same -sex civil unions.
*Men and women are guaranteed equality in Brazil.
*Brazil does not have a death penalty.
*U.S has only two main parties vs By: Madie and Radhika
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