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Greece

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by

Lorenzo Olano

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Greece

Greece
Military
Strategy
Phalanx
Weapons
Doru spear
Hoplon shield
Armor
Hoplon shield
Hoplite Armor
Greece's Dark Ages
Cause
"Regional droughts changes in warfare and natural disasters have all been blamed" (Ancient Military).
Effects
Major settlements abandoned
Population drop
Illiterate population
Influence of their Gods
Homer (around 750 B.C)
Greek Arts
Temples:
Columns supporting horizontal entablatures with a triangular roof and in the space scenes were created
Sculptures: Contained rules of anatomy and perspective with realistic traits but stones broke easily and metal was melted for re-use
Pottery: Small terracotta figurines were gifts to

gods, buried with dead and toys for kids
Tragedies: Litera
ry

work in
which main charact
er is
brought to extreme sorrow
Inventions and Discoveries that set Greece Apart
How they viewed the Gods
Believed gods controlled all aspects of nature
How they were worshiped
Cities were devoted to god or gods and built temples of worship around their god/gods
Information about the gods
The gods resembled in human form and displayed human feelings
They were socially ranked through authority and power
Could roam freely in Sky, Sea or Earth domain
12 Olympians
Zeus: God of sky
Hera: Queen of heaven and guardian of marriage
Hephaestus: God of fire and metalwork
Athena: Goddess of war
Apollo: God of Light, Poetry and Music
Artemis: Goddess of wildlife and the moon
Ares: God of war
Aphrodite: Goddess of love
Hestia: Goddess of hearth
Hermes: Messenger of gods; ruler of science and invention
Poseidon: God of sea
Hades: God of the underworld
Dionysus: God of wine and pleasure
Aristotle (384 B.C- 322 B.C)
Born in Stagiros in 384 B.C
Nicomachos
Aristotle's father
Physician who inspired Aristotle's future work
Joined Plato's circle at age 17
Moved to Assos in Mysia after Plato's death and joined some Platonists
Tutor to Alexander the Great
Went back to Athens in 335 and founded a philosophical school
He died from gastric ailment in 322 B.C
Sophocles
Born in Colonus and son of Sophilus
Grew up during the most intellectual period of Athens
Said to have written over 125 tragedies but only 7 survived
Some achievements of his include raising chorus number from 12 to 15 and creating technical improvements such as scene paintings
(496 B.C- 406 BC)
Wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
Contain important insight
and illustrate human insight
Great influence on development of civilization
Presented many virtues in work such as intelligence, reason, honor etc.
Mathematics
Abstract geometry
Volume and mass of curvilinear objects
Astronomy
Earth is a sphere
Heliocentric universe
Planets move
Cause of an eclipse
Inventions
Screw of Archimedes
Astrolabe
Full transcript