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Transcript of Landscape Earth
There are 35 areas that are considered hotspots across the globe -Conservation International
These Hotspots compose only 2.3% of the Earth's land surface!
They hold ~43% of the Earth's endemic mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Meaning they can not be found anywhere else on the planet!
How do hotspots of concern connect?
Different ways to manage the species at these hotspots:
A: Species conserved at a Single Site
B: Species conserved at a Network of Sites
C: Species conserved at a Network of Sites complemented by Broad-Scale Conservation Action
D: Species conserved through Broad-Scale Conservation Action
(Boyd et al, 2008)
Example C: species best
conserved at a network of sites complemented
by broad-scale conservation action. Coho Salmon
I am Oceania, the Orang-utan. I was just classified recently by the IUCN as critically endangered. Lucky for me, I am known as a flagship species, and I have become a symbol for the fight against my habitat loss due to hunting, logging, and the oil palm industry. I have heard of other orang-utans that have tried moving from one patch of riparian forest habitat to another through a oil palm plantation, but the rumor has it that most don't make it. The problem they face is plantation owners kill them because they disturbed their crop. I've also heard that a few have starved to death from lack of food resources. HUTAN, the Kinabatangan Orang-utan Conservation Programme, has spent years researching patterns such as preferred habitats and food sources, as well as process, or the ways in which great apes like myself travel, our home ranges, and have made accurate population counts (Chetzkiewicz, 2006). To bring together what were previously separated populations to promote reproduction and genetic variance, they have created the Keruak Corridor for us and it connects two existing forest reserves in which we live together along the Kinabatang River. My friend Pat the pygmy elephant, and I think our neighbor Pricilla, the proboscis monkey and her family have traveled within this corridor. Can you consider helping us by supporting RSPO (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil) Certified oil palm companies?
Terima kasih (Thank you)
Example D: species best conserved through
broad-scale conservation action: Andean Condor
According to Conservation.org-
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria:
It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics
It must have 30% or less of its original natural vegetation.
My name is Anja and I am what you would call a diademed sifaka. I am a lemur that lives in the lowland to mountain rainforests of eastern Madagascar, and am found between 650 and 5,300 feet above sea level.
I am classified by the IUCN as Endangered and am listed on their Red List (Schwitzer & Molur, 2000). Since my species only occurs in this specific region of Madagascar, I am in danger of going extinct along with many of the other 72 different kinds of lemurs (“Madagascar and the Indian ocean islands,” 2016).
Madagascar is an island that is considered by Myers et al (2000) to be one of the major hotspots on the planet Earth. The region I am from must be protected so that I can survive. According to the IUCN report on my species (Schwitzer & Molur, 2000), my region is experiencing threats from the destruction of rain forest habitat due to slash-and-burn agricultural practices and timber extraction, illegal rum production which requires the planting of sugar cane field, as well as destructive utilization of our food trees (Schwitzer & Molur, 2000). Because we tend to stay in our home areas, the specific places we are seen are very important.
So far conservationist have tried to vary our sites by keeping populations of us in three national parks , two strict nature reserves, and three special reserves (Schwitzer & Molur, 2000). Some of us have been seen in the a few of the Classified Forests, and in the unprotected forests of our region (Schwitzer & Molur, 2000). There has been talk of creating some new protected areas as well (Schwitzer & Molur, 2000).
Please help us by helping to protect Madagascar and our Eastern ranges.
Misaotra (Thank you),
CSC Class Fall 2016
Example B: Species that are best conserved at a network of sites: These are the species that occur within multiple discrete sites. Their threats usually include outside forces beyond the boundaries of these sites. Actions need to be
taken to connect isolated sub-populations that have been effected by things such as habitat loss. (Boyd et al (2008).
CSC Fall Class 2016
CSC Fall Class 2016
Example A: Species that are best conserved at a Single Site: This is for species in which all of the worlds population can only be found and conserved at a single site. A site, as defined by Boyd et al (2008), is a homogenous area that can be delineated and actually or potentially managed for conservation as a single unit. The size of the site is directly linked to the proportion of the habitat that remains
Have a wonderful day!
CSC Fall Class 2016
My name is Andy! I'm an Andean Condor who lives in the Andes Mountains in South America. The Tropical Andes are considered a biodiversity hotspot, containing 6.7% of global plants and 5.7% of earth's vertebrates (Myers et. al., 2000).
My home faces many threats. Large cities such as La Paz and Bolivia are expanding into my home. The Tropical Andes also face risks such as agriculture, deforestation, and dams (“Tropical Andes,” 2016). Tropical Andes in Colombia, among other countries, face risks from oil plantations. Sadly, I'm considered a rare species in Colombia with decreasing population numbers (“Tropical Andes,” 2016).
Overall, I am a near-threatened species in South America. I'm a harmless animal, but farmers try to kill, believing I'm a pest who kills livestock. My preferred diet is carrion but dead animals are often poisoned to kill predators which affects us condors (Arkive, 2009).
My life is a sad story but there's still hope. Captive-breeding programs and reintroductions are aiding in population growth (Butchart & Symes, 2000) which may someday lead to a conservation success story. Since 1989, Association of Zoos and Aquariums Species Survival Plan has released 80 condors into the wild. In 2012, they partnered with Asociacion Colobiana De Parques Zoologicos Y Arcuarios to establish condors in Colombia Zoos in order to help aid in my conservation story (Andean Condor Species Survival Plan, 2006).
CSC Fall Class 2016
What’s up dudes,
My name is Surfin’ Simon and I am a Coho Salmon. I currently live in the Pacific Ocean but, like all others in my species, I will one day return to the inland waters where I was born in order to spawn. We have been considered endangered by the U.S. Endangered Species Act since 2005. My species spends most of our life within the California Floristic Province, which is one of the biodiversity hotspots identified by Myers et al. (2000).
Although my species has experienced big decreases in population size, we are getting some help from our rad friends at the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). They created a five year plan to help us retain access to our specific spawning sites(“Coho salmon,” 2015).
Those sites and the routes we travel to get to them have become hazardous due to factors like pollution, dam creation, and urban development.
Our other buds, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association are also helping out. They are protecting us while we are out living life in the Pacific Ocean by regulating commercial fisheries. They make sure that not too many of us are taken away intentionally or accidentally. About 18 percent of globally threatened species require the same combination of site-scale and broad-scale help from friends like we do (Boyd, 2008).
Would you please considering us out by supporting the Pacific Coast Salmon Recovery Fund.
Catch ya later,
Andean Condor Species Survival Plan. (2006). The Andean Condor SSP. Retrieved October 30, 2016, from Avian Science Advisory Group, http://aviansag.org/Fact_Sheets/Raptors/Education_Andean_Condor_ Pamphlet_2013.pdf
Arkive. (2009). Andean condor (Vultur gryphus). Retrived October 30, 2016, from Widescreen Arkive, http://www.arkive.org/andean-condor/vultur-gryphus/
Boyd, C., Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. M., Edgar, G. J., Da Fonseca, G. B., Hawkins, F., & ... Van Dijk, P. (2008). Spatial scale and the conservation of threatened species. Conservation Letters, 1(1), 37-43.
Butchart, S., & Symes, A. (2000). Vultur gryphus (Andean Condor). Retrieved October 28, 2016, from IUCN Red List, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/summary/22697641/0
Chetkiewicz, C., St. Clair, C., & Boyce, M. (2006). Corridors for conservation: Integrating pattern and process. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 37, 317-342.
Coho salmon. (2015, January 21). Retrieved October 28, 2016, from NOAA, http://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/pr/species/fish/coho-salmon.html
Madagascar and the Indian ocean islands. (2016). Retrieved October 29, 2016, from Conservation International, http://www.cepf.net/resources/hotspots/africa/Pages/Madagascar-and-the-Indian-Ocean-Islands.aspx
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R., Mittermeier, C., da Fonseca, G., & Kent, J. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853-858.
Schwitzer, C., & Molur, S. (2000). Propithecus diadema (Diademed Sifaka). Retrieved October 28, 2016, from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/18358/0
Tropical Andes. (2016). Retrieved October 28, 2016, from Conservation International, http://www.cepf.net/resources/hotspots/South-America/Pages/Tropical-Andes.aspx