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crete

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by

Sean Nowland

on 15 May 2018

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Transcript of crete

Crete
Knossos
Early 1900's
Names the "Minoan" civilization after legendary King Minos
Illium
Troy
City of Troy
Only evidence in epic poems by Homer
In the Illiad about the fall of Troy
and the Odyssey
Considered legendary
He then turned his attention to...
Mycenae
Schliemann finds Mycenae
He finds shaft graves.
He finds beehive burial mounds.
He finds gold burial masks
Argos
He finds "Linear B"
Mycenaen Greece
1600-1100 BCE
First settlements in the Peloponnesus around 3000 BCE
1900 BCE Greek tribes from the north settle.
Adopt Linear A writing from the Minoan culture.
Adopt huge fortified palace complexes from Minoan culture
Use bronze and iron
Trade with Syria, Italy, Egypt
12 century BCE Mycenaean civilization disappears.
Reasons unknown...
1100 BCE Dorian invastion (possibly) forced out
Mycenaen age unified
Similar to empires of Sumeria and Egypt
Sumeria had kings
Mycenae had Anax, or "Big Boss"
Illiad: Agamemnon is Anax
Sir Arthur Evans, English archeologist
Excavates temple complex at Knossos
Minoan civilization was
not
Greek
ca 3000-1500 BCE
Minoan Crete
Had contact with Mediterranean
Egypt
Mesopotamia
Peloponnesus
Writing system "Linear A"
undeciphered
Earthquakes - volcano - invading Mycenaens
Ended by:
Heinrich Schliemann...
...this guy
But...
...finds it and digs it up.
Egypt had pharaoh's.
Homeric Period
Dark Ages
1100 - 800 BCE
Full transcript