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Transcript of Poverty
Contextualizing the Problem
925 million people live in hunger
In 2001 the World Bank estimated that 2.8 billion people – nearly half the world population – live on less than $2 a day. In its latest figures the World Bank reported that 1.4 billion people in the developing world (one in four) were living on less than US$1.25 a day in 2005. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) the proportion of people living below $1.25 a day has remained the same, at 50%, from 1981 to 2005. In absolute terms, however, the number of poor people in SSA nearly doubled, from 200 million in 1981 to 390 million in 2005.
The purchase of goods and services
Number of children in the world
At least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day.
The UN estimates that 34,000 children and 16,000 adults die each day from hunger or preventable diseases with poverty-related causes. That amounts to 18 million a year. (See R Riddell, Does Foreign Aid Really Work?, Page 121).
The richest 50 million people have the same income as the poorest 2.7 billion.
For the 1.9 billion children from the developing world, there are:
640 million without adequate shelter (1 in 3)
400 million with no access to safe water (1 in 5)
270 million with no access to health services (1 in 7)
Worldwide,10.6 million died in 2003 before they reached the age of 5 (same as children population in France, Germany, Greece and Italy).1.4 million die each year from lack of access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation
"About 25,000 people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes, according to the United Nations. This is one person every three and a half seconds" - Poverty.com
"The want or scarcity of food in a country" - Oxford English Dictionary
The world produces enough food to feed everyone. World agriculture produces 17 percent more calories per person today than it did 30 years ago, despite a 70 percent population increase. This is enough to provide everyone in the world with at least 2,720 kilocalories (kcal) per person per day according to the most recent estimate that we could find.(FAO 2002, p.9). The principal problem is that many people in the world do not have sufficient land to grow, or income to purchase, enough food.
"Diarrheal diseases such as cholera and dysentery kill over 1.5 million people each year, most of them children. Diarrhea is most often a result of unclean water, unsafe sanitation, or poor hygiene" -Poverty.com