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Spanish 3

A map of the verb tenses studied in Spanish 3

Gretchen Coleman

on 8 June 2010

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Transcript of Spanish 3

Indicative Subjunctive Imperative Present Preterite Imperfect Future Conditional Present Perfect Present
Progressive Present Present Perfect tú commands usted/ustedes
commands nosotros
commands stating a fact,
*expressing an opinion,
asking a question. JOVEN: expressing judgement, "ojalá", volition, emotion, doubt/denial makes direct commands and requests the boot Ex: tener, ir, ser, estar, etc. Verb Attitude start with the "yo" for of the present indicative, then add the oppostie ending

Ex: hablar- hable, hables, hable, etc.
salir- salga, salgas, salga, etc.

There are always irregulars! (ser, estar, dar, saber, ir) "perfect" indicates we will use haber (have done).

conjugate haber in the subjunctive (haya, hayas, haya, etc.)
then add the past participle (-ado, -ido)

irregular past participles? (muerto, visto, puesto, hecho, etc.) vosotros
commands take off the -r and add -d

ex: ¡hablad! ¡comed! ¡vivid!

when attaching the reflexive
pronoun drop the -d

ex: ¡levantaos! affirmative: use the
3rd person present indicative

ex: ¡habla! ¡come! negative: same as the
present subjuntive tú form

ex: ¡no hables! ¡no comas! same as the subjunctive
nosotros form

ex: ¡hablemos! ¡comamos!

remember the -ir stem-changers
they change o-u or e-i in the
nosotros and vosotros forms

ex: ¡durmamos! ¡sirváis! same as the ud./uds.
subjunctive forms

ex: ¡hable! ¡coman! pronoun placement in affirmative commands,
pronouns are attached to
the end

most of the time we need
to add an accent

ex. ¡hábleme! ¡acuéstense! in negative commands,
pronouns come in front of the command

ex: ¡no me hable!
¡no se acuesten! -AR verbs
-o -amos
-as -áis
-a -an -ER verbs
-o -emos
-es -éis
-e -en -IR verbs
-o -imos
-es -ís
-e -en irregular verbs
irregular "yo" verbs
stem-changing verbs -AR verbs
-é -amos
-aste -asteis
-ó -aron -ER/-IR verbs
-í -imos
-iste -isteis
-ió -ieron many irregulars!
ex: hacer, poner,
poder, querer,
saber, etc. stem-changing verbs
have no stem-change

except -IR stem-changers
e-i or o-u in the "sandal" -AR verbs
-aba -ábamos
-abas -abais
-aba -aban -ER verbs
-ía -íamos
-ías -íais
-ía -ían only 3 irregulars!
ser, ir, ver now we add endings
to the infinitive! -é -emos
-ás -éis
-á -én more endings that are
added to the infinitive

-ía -íamos
-ías -íais
-ía -ían the future and the
conditional share
some irregular
stem verbs:

caber-yo cabré
poner-yo pondré
decir-yo diré
haber-yo habré
salir-yo saldré
hacer-yo haré
poder-yo podré
tener-yo tendré
querer-yo querré
valer-yo valdré
saber-yo sabré
venir-yo vendré "present" indicates we use

conjugate haber in the present,
he hemos
has habéis
ha han
then add the past participle
(-ado, -ido) don't forget about the
irregular past participles!
(muerto, visto, puesto, hecho, etc.) one more...
to say someone "is doing" something
use estar + the present participle (-ando, -iendo)

ex. él está nadando What's your mood? present/future actions:
I go, I am going, I do go,
and sometimes I will go actions or events in the past
that happened at a specific time
(or period of time) and are viewed
as completed actions in the past that
are viewed as on-going,
not completed when being

ex: I was going, I used to go,
I would go actions that "will"
happen actions that "would/could" happen, not guarenteed these are technically past
actions- "to have done"
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