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Copy of Halifax Explosion

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Karolina Krygier

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Halifax Explosion

The Halifax Explosion The Morning On December 6, 1917, the Belgian relief vessel, Imo was leaving Halifax Harbour at the same time as the French ship Mont-Blanc. There was a confusion of whistle blasts, misunderstood signals and, at 8:45 a.m., a disastrous collision between the Imo and Mont-Blanc. Approximately 20 minutes after the collision- at 9:04, the fires ignited the 2925 tons of explosives on the Mont-Blanc and the ship exploded. The Ships The SS Imo was one of the ships involved in the Halifax Explosion. It was a Norwegian steamship that carried materials and supplies for a Belgium Relief. Haakon From was the Captain of the Imo at the time of the Halifax Explosion and he was in charge of a crew of 39 people.
The Mont-Blanc was the other ship involved with the Halifax Explosion. It was a French freight ship that was built in Middlesbrough, England in 1889. The Mont-Blanc was carrying very dangerous explosives such as TNT, pictric acid, and benzol. The Captain Aime Le Medec was in charge of 41 crew members. The Explosion Mont-Blanc was carrying pictric acid and TNT, as well as benzol which spilled on the deck and burned. Crowds gathered to watch the fire. Crews from nearby ships tried to put out the blaze as the captain and crew of the Mont- Blanc rowed to shore to warn people to run. The Mont-Blanc exploded, crushing everything within 800 metres. The explosion could be heard from as far away as Prince Edward Island. Vincent Coleman was a 43 year old hardworking and dependable citizen of Halifax. He had a wife named Frances Coleman, and four children. He lost his youngest son to diphtheria. The couple had just moved into their first house after much hard work and saving up. Halifax Harbour after the explosion Belgian- Imo French- Mont Blanc A destroyed building caused by the explosion Karolina Krygier 7 Daenen Aftermath Vincent Coleman The fires spread quickly after the explosion. The resulting fireball from the explosion rose 1.9 kilometers into the air. A tsunami wave flooded the streets of Halifax and drowned many people. The next day, a very heavy blizzard began in Halifax and lasted for six days. Many of the survivors still trapped in wreckage were forced to deal with the severe cold and Halifax emergency crews were swamped trying to build shelters for all those left homeless. With more than 1630 homes being completely destroyed and an additional 12000 being seriously damaged, the whole city was left devastated and many things were damaged and destroyed. Vincent Coleman Vincent Coleman was a dispatcher. He died at his post while he was tapping out a warning to incoming trains to stay clear. This is the message that Vincent sent in Morse code to the oncoming train: “Hold up the train. Ammunition ship afire in harbor making for Pier 6 and will explode. Guess this will be my last message. Good-bye boys." The railway quickly sent a dozen relief trains with fire and medical help. He heroically sacrificed his life to save hundreds of others. Sacrifice and Saving Halifax Explosion The Historical Significance The Halifax Explosion was the first event that brought the war to Canada's doorstep. Many lives were lost in the explosion, but it also meant new beginnings. The North Street train station was rebuilt and placed in a new location next to the Westin Hotel in South End Halifax. Pier 21 is now famous for being a major research center and tourist stop. - Seconds after the explosion happened the power formed a gigantic tidal-wave.

- The whole explosion including the tidal-wave happened in a short time period of 10 seconds.

- About two-thousand people were killed and about nine-thousand people were seriously injured.

- The Halifax explosion is the second biggest man made explosion in the worlds history. (The first was the Japan Bombing)
- The Halifax explosion was the biggest Canadian tragedy in terms of life loss and despair.

- At least one fifth of the city was in ruins after the explosion.

- World war 1 was going on at the time of the explosion.

- All of the crew on the Mont Blanc evacuated the ship before it exploded.

- All the crew on deck in the Imo was killed, but the crew members below deck all survived. Facts About the Halifax Explosion - Today there are cameras that scan all of the ships that enter the harbor. Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halifax_Explosion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Mont-Blanc
http://www.hsl.virginia.edu/historical/reflections/halifax/collision.html
http://drvitelli.typepad.com/providentia/2009/09/after-the-halifax-explosion.html
http://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/shanson/hfx%20explosion/facts.htm
http://museum.gov.ns.ca/mma/atoz/expships.htm
Google Images QUIZ When was the Halifax Explosion?
a) December 7, 1917
b) December 17, 1912
c) December 6, 1917
d) December 30, 1910 What explosives was the SS Mont- Blanc carrying?
a)TNT, picric acid, benzol
b) TNT, explosives, picric acid
c) Dry picric acid, TNT, explosives
d) Gun powder, cotton, TNT QUIZ 2 All of the members aboard the French ship were killed as a result of the explosion.
a) True
b) False The explosion was heard all the way from _____________.
a) Nova Scotia
b) Newfoundland
c) New Brunswick
d) Prince Edward Island FIN
(the end) #caskett4lyfe
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