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Transcript of Surveillance
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated [...].
only affect some people
NSA Scandal (Edward Snowden):
Surveillance Programs like PRISM, XKEYSTORE and TEMPORA got revealed
Voice Surveillance (Cellphone) of key political persons (e.g. Merkel)
How can I protect my self?
Encrypting E-Mails using specific software
Change password often
protect physical access to your devices
Use Proxy Server (VPN) when surfing
Be cautious when giving personal data
If government wants information about you, they will get it for sure!
What is Surveillance?
"Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting them."
Why is Surveillance being done?
Protect the country
Prevent terrorist attacks
Reduce the crime rate
Gain economical benefits (Industrial espionage)
How is Surveillance being done?
Visual Surveillance (e.g. CCTV)
closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras
London has 422 000 CCTV cameras in action
one for every 14 citizens in London
Great Britain has 6 Million CCTV cameras
Data Surveillance (e.g. Internet)
Getting information (contracts) from:
Social Media like Facebook, Twitter etc.
E-Mail Provider like GMail, Yahoo etc.
Search Engines like Google, Bing etc.
Tapping Internet Cables
Voice Surveillance (e.g. Phone)
Tapping into networks (contracts):
Telecommunication Companies like Telekom, AT&T etc.
Video Chat Service Skype
Bug devices in offices and houses
What has surveillance achieved?
More successful and faster crime investigations
Lower crime rate
Prevented terrorist attacks
Why can Surveillance be problematic?
Information (personal data) can be abused for other purposes
Against the law of privacy
Gestapo during the National Socialism
Stasi during the Cold War
every third person in the DDR was involved in this mass surveillance program
telecommunication surveillance program
every phone call is being collected by the USA
Is Surveillance legal?
Yes, to some extend...
Right of privacy
4th Amendment of the constitution,
2nd article of the "Grundgesetz"
Debate about the "Vorratsdatenspeicherung"
If serious thread, court can hand out a search warrant
Examples of Surveillance?
What is the NSA?
The National Secret Agency (NSA) is the U.S. agency that is responsible for protection of the national security systems and is responsible for the surveillance program PRISM.