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Basic Safety Procedures in High Risk Activities and Industri
Transcript of Basic Safety Procedures in High Risk Activities and Industri
Assigns an authorized worker to conduct (or confirm if there is an existing equipment-specific procedure [ELP] or energy isolation plan [EIP] for the work) a hazard analysis. The worker must be a competent person familiar with the equipment and work scope. The worker may be the equipment custodian.
2. Authorized worker
Reviews the scope of work and affected machine, equipment, or system
3. Authorized worker
SAFETY PROCEDURES HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES
Hazard Identification - The first step in Safety Risk Management is to identify hazards that the organization faces in its operational environment.
Risk Mitigation and Tracking - Mitigating actions should be fully analyzed to ensure that they address the root cause of the hazard.
BRIEF HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY PRACTICES
Basic Safety Procedures in High Risk Activities and Industries
Risk Assessment - Each identified hazard undergoes a risk assessment to determine its potential consequences.
PROCEDURE HAZARD ANALYSIS
Identifies all energy sources (electrical, mechanical, thermal, potential, pneumatic, hydraulic, chemical, and radiological, et cetera)
4. Authorized worker
Determines if any energy sources are hazardous
If the value of the hazardous energy falls in the “Evaluate Hazard and Consider Lockout” column, lockout should be used if the authorized worker determines that lockout is warranted based on an evaluation of all hazards, including secondary hazards and combined hazards, associated with the work scope and equipment or system conditions; otherwise lockout is not required.
If the value falls in the “Lockout Required” column, lockout is required.
For energy types without an explicit value, consults additional applicable resources to make a determination (such as information in this document and relevant ESH Manual chapters, and the control of hazardous energy (CoHE) program manager, responsible directorate ESH coordinator, safety officer, and subject matter experts
5. Authorized Worker
Evaluates each task including setup, installation, removal, adjusting, cleaning, troubleshooting, and programming to analyze for hazards
6. Authorized worker in consultation with building or area manager, if necessary
Evaluates the work environment for potentially hazardous combinations
7. Authorized worker
For complex lockouts, documents results of the hazard analysis in an ELP or EIP and submits for approval (or confirm the adequacy of the existing ELP or EIP)
There are four basic steps in conducting a task hazard analysis:
1. Selecting the Task to be Analyzed
2. Breaking the Task into Steps
3. Identifying Potential Hazards
4. Determining Preventative Measures
There are five method you can use to identify workplace hazards:
* informal observation and formal observation programs
* comprehensive company wide-surveys
* individual interviews
* walk-around inspections and,
* documentation review