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Genghis Khan VS. Kublai Khan
Transcript of Genghis Khan VS. Kublai Khan
Reign: Spring 1206 – August 1227
Founder and First Emperor of the Mongol empire, the largest land empire ever
Reign: May 5, 1260 – February 18, 1294
5th emperor of the Mongol empire and the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in China
Genghis got his power by uniting many nomadic tribes in northeast Asia. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed "Genghis Khan" he started the Mongol invasions that resulted in him conquering most of Eurasia. By the end of his life, the Mongol Empire had a substantial portion of Central Asia and China under its power. The map on the left represents the empire at Genghis's death in 1227.
Kublai was the grandson of Genghis Khan. He succeeded his older brother Möngke as Khagan (Emperor) in 1260, but had to defeat his younger brother Ariq Böke in a succession war that lasted until 1264. This started to mark the disunity of the great empire. If you counted the Mongol Empire at that time as a whole, it would have reached from the Pacific to the Black Sea, from Siberia to modern day Afghanistan which was one fifth of the world's inhabited land area
Both Genghis and his grandson Kublai had high religous tolerance towards most religons for the empires people.
Kublai Khan conquered China and moved his capital to the city now known as Beijing in 1271. Kublai Khan probably did not know how to speak Chinese, but he took the Chinese name Yuan for his dynasty. The Yuan was the only foreign dynasty that ever ruled all of China. At its height, the Mongol empire stretched from Korea in the east to Hungary in the west and as far south as Vietnam. It was the largest empire the world has ever known. The Mongols are remembered mostly for their ferocious military force, but they improved the road system and promoted trade throughout their empire. After Kublai Khan died in 1294, the Mongols became less warlike, but many Chinese people resented their rulers.
Genghis Khan was one of the world's greatest conquerors. The son of a minor chief in what is now eastern Mongolia; he was born in 1167 and originally given the name Temujin. In 1207, Genghis Khan led the Mongols on the first of many destructive, bloody invasions. Nobody knows exactly how many people were slaughtered by his destructive raids, but even the most conservative estimates suggest that the armies of Genghis Khan killed several million people. Genghis Khan never learned how to read, but his success as a ruler resulted from his superior military mobility, strategy and organization.
Mongol Warriors that savagely fought their way through towns and villages
Temujin (Genghis) united the nomadic tribes of Mongolia into a disciplined military state. His followers called him Genghis Khan, which means "Universal Ruler."
So, Who won? Who is the best leader?