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The Morality Myth of Pandora

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Caleb Childers

on 11 March 2015

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Transcript of The Morality Myth of Pandora

The Morality Myth of Pandora's Pithos
By:Caleb Childers
Knott County Central

In Greek mythology, Pandora was the first human woman created by the gods.
She was created by gods, with each god or goddess giving her a gift,
Hephaestus molded her out of clay, Aphrodite gave her femininity, Athena taught her many crafts and trades, and Hermes taught her to be curious, deceitful, and stubborn
This therefore gave Pandora her name, which means "the one who bears all gifts"
According to the ancient greek poet, Hesiod, "Hope stayed inside because that was Zeus' will, he wanted to let people suffer in order to understand that they should not disobey their gods" and that "Pandora opened the jar out of simple curiosity and not as a malicious act"
Image #1- Digital image. Pandora. Wikipedia., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #2-
Pandora Ancient Greek Myth
. Digital Image. N.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #3-
Pandora Opening Her Box.
Digital Image. N.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #4- Hesiod's Theogony the Origin of the Gods and the Cosmos. Digital Image. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #5-
Digital image. Wikipedia., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #6-
Allegory of Vanity
. Digital image. Pandora. Wikipedia., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #7-
. Digital image. Pandora. Wikipedia., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Image #8-
. Digital image. Pandora. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Website #1- "The Myth of Pandora’s Box." Greek Myths Greek Mythology. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Website #2- "Pandora." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Website #3- Silver, Carly. "Ancient and Classical History at About.com." Pandora's Box. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.
Book- Pemberton, John. "Panddora's Box." Myths and Legends: From Cherokee Dances to Voodoo Trances. New York: Chartwell, 2010. 22. Print.
Pandora was created by the gods for the purpose of being part of the punishment to the god Prometheus whom stole fire from Zeus and gave it to humanity.(This is after Prometheus was chained to a rock; But Zeus wanted to punish him more by hurting his brother Epimetheus)
Then Pandora was given a jar called a "pithos" in greek, and told that it contained "special gifts' from the gods, however she was never allowed to open it.
Next, Pandora was taken to Epimetheus, the brother of Prometheus, by Hermes to be his wife.
Prometheus had warned Epimetheus to not accept anything from the gods, but as soon as he had seen Pandora he was "taken aback" by her exquisite beauty, charm, and kindness, thus he thankfully accepted his new bride right away.
After Epimetheus and Pandora had been together for a while, Pandora became extremely curious about what was in the jar
Pandora then gave into her curiosity, and decided to quickly peek to see what was inside of the jar, then she opened the jar, but before she could shut the jar back, the "gifts" from the gods, leaped out of the jar and were released into the world, leaving just a single "gift" inside
But these "gifts", turned out to be "all the evils of humanity" and caused death and illnesses to come to humanity
Pandora then opened the jar again to see what the last item within the jar was, and it turned out to be, not a curse but an actual "gift" from the gods, it was hope
-Hesiod, the greek poet
We may never know why, the myth of Pandora came to be, but the "Pandora myth is a kind of theodicy, addressing the questions of why there is evil in the world
"Pandora's Pithos"
is one of the most descriptive myths of human behavior in Greek mythology, and "it is used to not only instruct humanity about its weaknesses, but also to explain several misfortunes of the human race"
Reasons for Pandora

The myth of
"Pandora's pithos"
has been fascinating people ever since its intrusion into every culture on the planet.
Generations of artists have created fresco's, mosaics, sculptures, and portraits depicting Pandora and the mythological elements that go along with her, and the following slide will provide a few examples

In particular, Pandora has a very strong connection to Eve from the book of Genesis in the Bible
First of all, each is the first woman in the world
Secondly, each is the character at fault for changing the original state of "plenty and ease" to one of "suffering and death, a transition which is brought about in revenge for a transgression of divine law"
And thirdly, each was created to bring company to a man
Pandora's Pithos has many relationships with other cultures' mythological events
Fascinating Pandora
Historical note
The myth of Pandora's Pithos retold
Pandora's Pithos connections to the modern world
There are many connections from this myth to the modern world
Firstly, in modern times at a certain jewerly store you can purchase "Pandora charm bracelets"
Secondly, there is music streaming website called "Pandora's"
Thirdly, in modern times we get the moral of "Don't let curiosity get the best of you"
Also, from the myth of Pandora's Pithos we recieve the saying that "there is always
at the end of the tunnel"
-Painting by Charles Lenoir in 1902
-Painting by Nicloas Regnier in 1626, named Allegory of Vanity
-Painting by John William Waterhouse in 1896, named Pandora
Finally, we receive many words that we use in modern day-to-day conversations from the myth of Pandora's pithos, like; pandemic, pandemonium: And there are many places named after Pandora, for example a moon of the planet Saturn is named Pandora, and there is an asteroid belt named 55 Pandora
And, in James Cameron's blockbuster hit, Avatar, the setting of the storyline in on a planet called Pandora, this symbolizes the innocence of the native people, not knowing that embracing the humans will lead to great destruction, death, and illness
Pandora's Pithos connections to the modern world continued
-1861 Sculpture by Pierre Loison
1882 Painting by Jules Joseph Lefebvre-
Full transcript