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Liminal Space

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jordan martin

on 21 May 2014

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Transcript of Liminal Space

LIMINAL SPACE
More Entertaining Environment-
Introducing interactive surfaces in the area, with games

Allowing users to access there social networks, from seating areas

The entertainment provided needs to be accessible to all ages using the facility.

Creating a wi fi zone within the area for users to connect with one another, creating a more sociable environment.

JM
Health and Safety
Using materials that can be sterilized without damaging the equipment, provided to the users, to prevent the spread of germs.

JM
Providing Customers with access points to beverages and food, also allowing for the hospital to gain some income from its patients whilst in waiting.
Comfy Seating Relax
Seclusion Areas
More temporary seating, save space such as stand up seats, like on Ryan Air

JM
Sound proof division between children and adults

JM
Space within area Layout
Collapsible chairs, folding into walls?
Rising tables from floor?
Singular / Multi purpose (more than one linked) ?
Function/ability?
Ergonomically Compatible?
User Friendly (Age Concerns)?

PGB
Use of materials

Plastic
Fabric
Glass

PGB
Sensitivity of Design
Use of mirrors:
Common
fact that when people come
across a mirror they love to look
at themselves and is an optional take
on passing time.

PGB
lighting cannot be harsh due to certain conditions.
sensitivity to colours such as not using the colour red.
acknowledge that patients are likely to be in some distress, therefore the design should be considered so that private areas may be available within the larger waiting area.
patients are generally not alone, so include in the design enough space for anyone accompanying a patient.

LW
Ergonomic Breakdown:
Definition
Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of the interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theoretical principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well being and overall system

Practitioners of ergonomics, ergonomists, contribute to the planning, design and evaluation of tasks, jobs, products, organizations, environments and systems in order to make them compatible with the needs, abilities and limitations of people.
http://www.iea.cc/01_what/What%20is%20Ergonomics.html
PGB
Hospitals generally have fairly unwelcoming exterior design, therefore the interior space will make a patient feel much more at ease if at all possible.
A contrasting interior space will create a more comforting environment, and hopefully less daunting than a waiting room would initially appear.

LW
Language barriers ?
PGB
'The Art Of Waiting'
Arabic
Polish
Hebrew
Urdu
chinese
Japanese
Spanish
German
French
or link attached:
http://www.healthcare.philips.com/pwc_hc/main/shared/Assets/Images/Xray/Product/radiography/rad_rooms/Conventional_HighPerformance_Room_large.jpg

PGB
Product('s) Specification :

PGB
To be able to meet the demands of what are being asked upon from a Design front.

Also weather this be a visual drawing or material fabricated from somewhere?

Opinion's and options are available and matter, within the groups opinions and thoughts!

PGB
Main Issues with Waiting
Boredom
(Interactivity, Wi Fi, Games, providing visual stimulants e.g. art, sculptures, architecture or reading material such as providing a library)
Things run out of power
(provide charging points)
Hunger, Thirst
(Venders, Beverage dispensers)
Comfort
(Seating designed to be used for long periods of time, alterable)
Noise from children or people in pain
(Quiet areas, or sound dividers)
Repetitive Music or TV in background
(think of the waiting area as a first class plane)

JM
Key Factors:
Comfort
User Interface
Sustainability
Durability
Size Constraints
Adaptation
Age Restrictions
Function


PGB
Ethics
PGB
Think about creating a number of smaller waiting rooms, depending on the urgency/concern of a problem, the type of problem, and possibly the age of a patient.
The possibility of creating a separate children's waiting room (especially if designing an a&e department).
Could branch off from the main waiting room, into a smaller - more childlike comforting area.

LW
Layout into relation to wards
A&E department : When considering the a&e department, it is vital that the waiting room is situated alongside or amongst the likely wards needed for the patients visiting. It should sit harmoniously with each adjoining room, rather than appearing to be a daunting box room, with more box rooms attached.

LW
Breaking away from the conventional
Rather than placing seating in standard lines, we should think about being more creative with the seating plans.
A problem I have encountered within hospital waiting areas is the main privacy issue. In a hospital waiting room, each patient should have at the least, some semi private waiting space, in which themselves and family members may wait.

LW
Idea of waiting room cycle
LW
Eco Friendly
Percentage in which
can be made Eco Friendly as
possible (%).
Long term advantage as
well as reusable response.
Long term goal
for a better environment.
PGB
Human behavior
within environments?
(That help pass time)

PGB
Materials to Consider
to play on the privacy aspect:
- Litracon
- fritted glass
- smart glass
BM
Focus on developing the distractions within the environment to best support the needs of the user, this is dependent on the users disabilities, it can make the feel relaxed.

JM
fritted glass
SmartGlass
Litracon
BM
MAIN CONCEPT
BOUNDARIES
BM
Controlling sound, allowing people to have a peaceful experience whilst waiting.
Using the idea of privacy to create a sense of safety among patients, giving them the option to socialize among others, either through creating a social network within the waiting area, and enabling them to choose whether they would like to be secluded from others or choose to interact face to face.

JM
One area where people feel comfortable for example is the first class area on a plane. If we can echo some of the features as on a plane, we may be able to take a step towards finding a comfort zone that can accomplish making patients feel more relaxed.

LW
The idea of secluded spaces for those
who need or want it
BM
booth seating for families
BM
individual pods for those undergoing treatment alone, with walls which can be raised/lowered
BM
lying down area
BM
INTIMACY
INTIMACY
poetry
MOTIVATIONAL
quotes
uplifting
Poetry within architecture
& Interior Design
Sheffield Hallam
BM
BM
conscious of the fact patients may
not get the news which they were
hoping for
BM
IDEA OF A CYCLE
WITHIN THE INTERIOR

BM
'What If'
By Andrew Motion
BM
BM
BM
what needs to be included in
an oncology outpatient space
radiotherapy
chemotherapy
reception area/desk
wig fitting
7 Clinic Rooms
Phlebotomy
Pharmacy Service
Restrooms
BM
BM
LENTICULAR DISPLAYS
BM
ONCOLOGY OUTPATIENT
SPACE
SENSITIVITY BEFORE & AFTER
CHEMOTHERAPY & RADIOTHERAPY
Skin Damages or Changes
Discomfort & Pain
Hair Loss and Scalp Sensitivity
Mouth, Gum, and Throat Sores
Gastrointestinal Problems
tiredness, making a lying down
area essential
sense of relief when leaving,
patients have to spend hours
in the space
watching the appearance
of yourself disappear change.
Avoiding reflective surfaces when
possible would make it more
sensitive to the patients.
playing with privacy with
SmartGlass
BM
BM
BM
BM
BM
BM
BM
BM
BM
being aware of these aspects
will give us a sensitive space
and strengthen the design.
BM
BM
BM
http://csn.cancer.org/node/192151
Most Common being Fatigue
First Hand Experiences, common
issues with Cancer
Find it difficult to stay warm
Discomfort
Sensitive skin
Lack of sleep
Loss of hair
Easily bruise
Hurts to move
Constantly aching
Feeling sick
Uncontrollable urinating
Muscle Fatigue
when dealing with cancers patients feel exposed and weak, when focusing on privacy, it also gives the patient their own space were they can feel safe and secure, this can be controlled through the control of light, sound and exposure to other people.

JM
Creating seating that allow more than one user, this allows for patients to spend quality time with their families. Taken from personal experience, allowing families to not be disturbed by outsiders.

JM
Alterable Light Intensity
Hygienic Surface
A Hygienic Surface Needs to be-
Pleasing visual impact.
Durable.
Easily cleaned.
Resilient.
Slip-resistant.
Non absorbent to liquids and odors.
Resistant to microbial growth.
Create the idea of a pathway for patients. Entering the oncology department should have a different feeling to when they are leaving. When coming in patients will hopefully be able to feel supported and comforted, whereas when leaving we want to create a feeling of release or freedom. In a cycle or such as.

LW
Create a sensitivity as to the units a patient may be entering. The Oncology department is a very sensitive area and will need specialist arrangements or rooms for the patients.

LW
The idea of a seating arrangement that could be altered to suit each individual patient. Whether they have family or by themselves, patients will need support. Incorporate the feeling of support within the waiting space.
LW
harsh lighting should try to be avoided when designing the space as the patients may become light sensitive. dull lighting or dim lighting to be considered.
LW
patients can also be affected by a change in heat, therefore the temperature should be considered.
LW
family members or people accompanying the patients do not want to be over or unheated so somehow devise a way so that each patient can have a heat controlled area within their own waiting space. This could include a heated chair or possibly some kind of pod with its own heating, such as that in a first class cabin of an aeroplane.
LW
Ergonomic Outpatient
Design Ideas
Alternative use for glass could be Acrylic Glass
having first been developed in 1928. The thicker
usage the more pressure the material can withstand
as shown on the left. Overall the material could be a
alternative to standard glass usage, with Acrylic glass
having the form to bend/ curve in necessary shown to the right.
Acrylic Glass Usage
PGB
PGB
Cur vexed use for Acrylic Glass
shown for the over drop/ covering for stadium
and surrounding area.
PGB
Ethic Questions
Surrounding Cancer Care
(Patients).
PGB
Patients Personality.
Procedure
Religion.
Culture.
Family
life.
Information
Regarding Disease
(Extent).
Clinical Trials.
Possibility Of
Illness.
Treatment.
(Cycle)
PGB
consider for lying down area?
BM & LW
within the corridor
BM & LW
Floor plan idea for oncology waiting space.
LW
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
LW
LW
spaces would be private for each individual, although there would be room for someone accompanying a patient.
LW
SEATING DESIGNS
INTERFACE
SEATING POSITION
LAY DOWN POSITION
SEAT MOVEMENT
INTERIOR CHAIR
DESIGN 1
DESIGN 2
DIVIDER
DESIGN 3
TOP VIEW
initial idea of seating arrangement.
LW
TOP
DESIGN 4
Design allows for more seating to be in a more confined space. Each has it own separate entrance. Design wise, this seating arrangement works well visually, giving an organic feel to the space.
LW + PB
LW
A lenticular wall display within the corridor would display a type of journey; that changes from when a patient first enters the oncology department, and then to when they leave.
LW
LW
A different picture would be viewed on entering than when a patient leaves. LW
INTERIOR
Possibility of internal glass door, to enclose the booth and create total privacy.
PB +LW
Picture of the sky when leaving the corridor. Gives the feeling of freedom and being uplifted.
LW
Idea of SmartGlass pods
Reception Desk
Rough Corridor Perspective
BM
BM
First idea of a pod design. We however decided to reject this, due to the pods being slightly too isolated for what we are aiming for.
LW
BM
Reception desk idea.
natural flowing reception desk, carrying up the wall and playing on the idea of pattern subtly onto the ceiling.
BM
The main reception desk will be curved shape, extending from the floor to the ceiling. This will give the idea of a growing process, which we are aiming to reciprocate in other areas of the design.
LW
FROSTED FILM GLASS
Dark Walnut Laminate Flooring
Corridor will be lit by individual spotlights, above each door and a window at the end of the corridor will let in natural light in.
LW

BM
BM
BM
BM
Each door will be numbered according to what each room contains. Braille pads will also be situated to the right of each door, level with each handle.
LW
Private space
semi open space
lounge
HA
Private rooms were preferred by 50%
of the survey participants, while 28%
always chose a shared space and 22%
were flexible - it depended on how they
felt on a treatment day.
HA
Providing several type of spaces gives the patient satisfaction, comfort and hope. by providing lounge area where patient can meet other patients or family members in an open area with a view, some patient feel better being in a larger area with other patients rather than being alone in a closed place.
HA
Outpatient Design
Plan Idea.
Ideas for Reception
Desk mock up.
Outpatient Plan idea
Breakdown.
Pod Mock up compared to
larger pods in the top left corner.
Idea for the wall separating
the reception area and the lie
down area. Acrylic glass wall
consisting of a slide shut door
which is censored just as a supermarket
door would. Acrylic glass to have a gap
in between so the water can flow through
creating a nice effect.
General mock up for ideas
of Reception Desk.
PGB.
PGB.
PGB.
PGB.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
We decided the pod idea is too enclosed for the oncology outpatient space. With the concept of boundaries we didn't want to go too far and make the patients feel isolated. Looking into the idea of opening them into a booth, rather than a pod
BM
Turning the whole space into a HVAC zone will be a better solution for temperature control and air filtration to reduce the risk of any infection.
HA
The focus of the seating is to create options, in how the user may want to spend there time in waiting, they may choose to socialise. So therefore they are provided with the option to alter the smart glass surrounding them to mist or clear.
The Pod has been designed as a form of pod that controls the features within it, one of these pods features is temperature the shape of the pod has been designed as a form of cyclone, causing the air to flow around the pod and circulate.
The Pod has alterable lighting to ensure it isn't over sensitive for the user. The lighting can alter the tone of the pod to give the user the space they need to be comfortable. The pods inclosed shape helps to restrict outside distractions and maintain that sence of privacy and tranquility.
This design focuses on creating isolation between users. The seating is only positioned to be up right.
This was a more open design focusing on allowing users to interact, the shapes enables anyone to enter but also creates the sense of a separate space within a room with a roof.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
By almost cutting the design through the middle we enable the pod to change from a pod into booth-like seating. Also altering the design by letting them slot into each other. Elements to consider: height, width, depth in order to achieve privacy and comfort.
BM
LITRACON PARTITION
translucent concrete
BM

INDIVIDUAL SEATING
FINAL POD DESIGN
INTERACTIVITY INTERFACE
One way lenticular effect.
LW
LW
Visual of waiting area.
Visual representation of the waiting room. Multiple seating pods included in the centre of the room. One idea of a potential setup.
LW
Multiple seating pods are positioned back to back, so that entrances are facing different directions, creating more of a boundary between each individual patient, or group of people.
LW
Solid Work's (CAD) Renders of Desk Idea
Material:
Satin wood.
Inner desk made
up of Frosted Glass
see through.

Isolated room is positioned behind main reception desk behind a wall of frosted glass. Individual seating available.
LW
Final drawn design for Reception Desk.
Which has then been Rendered using Solid Works
shown next to and above the image.
PGB
PGB
PGB
PGB
Design Ideas For Reception Desk
PGB
Frosted Glass Render
need dimensions!!!
BM

NEED DIMENSIONS!
BM

PGB
Materials:
Acrylic glass wall
with running water
through it.
PGB
Water Acrylic Glass Render
Materials:
Frosted glass wall.
Solid Work Render's
PGB
FINISHED CORRIDOR,
LENTICULAR WALL ENTRANCE

FINISHED CORRIDOR
LENTICULAR WALL EXIT

CAD draw up of the out lay shell
of the plan for the Oncology room.
The material of the shell in the CAD
render is glass with a yellow tint.
CAD- Floor Plan
Perspective View of plan
PGB
Plan View of Oncology Outpatient Room
Modified Side View of Plan
PGB
Inner door to be either Acrylic Glass again
or a simple glass which operates when the
censors pick up movement to open the doors.
PGB
Materials/Colour?
BM
BM
BM
top views needed to draw plan?
BM

Lounch Design
Round space Design Ideas
Using round space to invite more light and give a wider view. these two elements are required to create an atmosphere for the patients and make them feel better
Materials
Lighting, temperature and sound have to be considered in the loung
HA
Using ribbon
windows will be convenient
create an active view into the interior and invite light in
this will make the patient feel outside.
Providing carpet because carpet can absorb the sound when someone walk
Applying a sound absorber ceiling tiles to reduce the noise level in the space.
Making the space HVAC control zone to control the temperature
HA
Rough plan Ideas
BM
Plan, to Scale 1:50
involving curved reception desk
BM
All plans had to be reconsidered.
BM

Size of pods was guessed by practicality. No individual seating in lying down area & Main Space. Decided Reception desk did not embody the concept of boundaries because of it's natural, free-flow design
BM
Incorporating the idea of slices of glass into a curved design
BM
Chosen Wall for Final Design
BM
too big of a gap
individual seating
BM
reception desk first thing you see - good element to consider in design
BM
BM
BM
Lying down room visual
LW

Main waiting area perspective
LW

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