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The Roman Empire and Barbarians

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Jordan Seaver

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of The Roman Empire and Barbarians

Double click anywhere & add an idea Roman Conquer:

The Roman Empire was always multi-national
Laeti: a community of freehold farmers who retained their livestock and moveable wealth, families, and tribal leaders. List of Germanic Tribes:
Frisii, Batavii, Hermunduri,
Marcomanni, Quadi, Sarmatians,
Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals,
Sarmatians, Burgundians,
Alemanni, Franks, and Saxons,
as well as others. First Attempts at Control:

Barbarian tribes could not be conquered

A clientele was established between the Empire and chieftains, formally recognized 'socii et amici'.

Chieftains gained Roman citizenship and German men were recruited into Roman armies. Displacement of Germanic Warriors and Integration:

Initially, tribes displaced and brought into the Empire

Young warriors put into Roman military service

Barbarian soldiers receive honors and higher ranks

Extra-tribal marriages, resigning to unknown lands

Global perception of vauled German warriors changes drastically

Tribes will not allow re-entry First Crisis:
Mid-third century brings new amalgamations of tribes

Borders need more control and protection

Succession of emperors becomes string of assassinations

Military becomes unorganized and ineffective

Barbarian tribes begin invading the borders and sacking cities

Regions including Gaul, Spain, Britain, Egypta and Syria are temporarily formed into separate regional empires The Roman Empire and Barbarians Second Crisis:
In the late fourth century Huns press into the Ukraine region

Visigoths and Ostrogoths petition for entry into the Eastern Empire

Valens, emperor of the East, grants Visigoths entry but not Ostrogoths

Bringing in so many immigrants, not disarming, dispersing, or feeding them caused a revolt on August 9th, 378 CE

Around 20,000 Roman soldiers, including Valens, are killed by the Goths outside of Adrianople and the tribe begins plundering Greece and the Balkans

The Barbarian forces are split into two groups and Rome regains power, though signing a peace treaty with the Goths in 382

Treaty grants them settlement land in Moesia and Thrace; recognizes them as allies
Visigoths are now a semi-independent nation inside the Empire, and Theodosius (the Eastern emperor), needing their help, gave them respect and status in the Empire Third Crisis:
Theodosius dies, leaving two inexperienced sons in power

Alaric, leader of the Visigoths, takes advantage--runs rampant throughout the Empire for 15 years, only being controlled and 'kept in check'

Barbarian invasions happen on all sides of the Empire, leaving the military everywhere vulnerable

Last powerful general, Stilicho, is defeated and killed, leaving Alaric with the most powerful force

Alaric sacks Rome in 410

Germanic tribes continue to gain power and by 476 openly rule without Roman puppet-rulers
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