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Eating Disorders in the Classroom
Transcript of Eating Disorders in the Classroom
K.Lohbeck Thank you for your attention! And one more thing...
Boskind-White, M. (2000). Bulimia/Anorexia: The Binge/Purge Cycle and Self-Starvation (2nd ed.). New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Debate, R.D., & Delmar, C. E. (2007). “Girls on the Run and Girls on the Track Formative Evaluation Report.”http://www.girlsontherun.org/customers/105120616203947/filemanager/Council%20Directors/GOTR_Spring_2007_all_sites_GOTR_and_GOT_10_03_07.pdfPresnell, K., Bearman, S.K., & Madeley, M.C. (2007). Body dissatisfaction in adolescent males and females: Risk and resilience. Prevention Researcher, 14(3), 3-6.
Stanley, Debbie (2000). Understanding Sports and Eating Disorders. New York, New York. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc.
Van Hoose, J., Strahan, D., & L’Esperance, M. (2001). Promoting Harmony. Westerville, OH: National Middle School Association.
Walsh, B.T., & Cameron, V.L. (2005). If Your Adolescent Has an Eating Disorder. New York, NY. Oxford University Press, Inc. Adolescents in schools all over the world deal with body image issues. Physically adolescents bodies are rapidly changing during puberty, which often results in unwanted weight gain and the pressure to stay thin. (Van Hoose, Strahan, and L'Esperance). Not all students will develop an eating disorder because of this change, but many female and male students will turn to eating disorders as a form of control. The Purpose In what ways does the media influence eating disorders among adolescents?
What are the similarities and differences in the identification and treatment in eating disorders among male and female adolescents?
What can an educator or coach do to help discourage or prevent eating disorders at our schools. Research Questions The Problem The purpose of this literature review was to
investigate how the media influences both male and female students when it comes to developing eating disorders, and what educators and coaches can do in the classroom to help these adolescents. The media
In the 1990s many of the stars on television, such
as Calista Flockhart, Courtney Cox, and Gwyneth Paltrow
became glorified for their extreme thinness. This trend ushered
in a new ideal in our culture. (Boskind-White, 2000).
Recently a new form of media has popped up on the Internet
called Pro-Ana (Anorexia-Nervosa) or Pro-Mia (Bulimia). Such
sites are used to encourage and support others to continue
with the eating disorder. Media Influence
Female and Male students
Role of educators Three major factors Female and Male Students
Traditionally females have been diagnosed
with eating disorders more often than males.
"It is estimated that 1 of every 250 girls between
the ages of twelve and eighteen has struggled with an
eating disorder at some time, it is impossible to know
for sure, because not everyone asks for or receives help,
and doctors are not required to report the number of eating
disorders." (Stanley 2000).
However, eating disorders are not exclusive to female adolescents.
"Boys and men have traditionally been left out of most discussions and research on eating disorders as they are ashamed
they suffer from a woman's disorder." (Stanley 2000). Role of educators
It is important to know preventative and helpful strategies for dealing with adolescents and eating disorders. "The programs that have been launched in an effort to prevent or at least reduce the occurrence of these disorders or their symptoms have been based on reasonable assumptions about dieting, body image, low self-esteem, and other elements implicated in the development of eating disorders, not on actual known truths about them. (Walsh and Cameron 2005)
Teachers and coaches often influence an adolescent more than they realize. "Given their tendency to be perfectionists, they can be deeply affected by what a respected teacher or coach says to them." (Walsh and Cameron 2005) How can schools help?
Coaches of adolescents also need to be
on the look out for an onset of an eating disorder.
"Some sports have a higher rate of disordered eating than
others due to factors within the sport, such as the
importance of appearance, the use of weight classes to
match opponents, and the advantages (real or perceived)
of being lighter than opponents." (Stanley 2000).
If a student is returning to a school after being treated with
an eating disorder it is important for teachers to communicate
clearly with parents. "Some teachers may worry that they have to treat the teen differently from the rest of teh class. As the teen's parent, you should urge them to avoid paying undue attention that can embarrass your child- who's already self-conscious enough after all- or that may send the wrong message: that thinness begets greater attention." (Walsh and Cameron 2005).