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Egypt Revolution 1952
Transcript of Egypt Revolution 1952
Reshaped Egypt to become more independent
Egypt and the Suez canal was under British occupation, western culture spread.
In 1952 when Britain control was lost, Western culture was also gone in Egypt
Muslim Brotherhood(cultural group) supported to get British out and western culture. Muslim Brotherhood shaped Egypt as religious country but they couldn't flourish their muslim belief/Islamic law(culture) *(bad relationship with Nasser) How did the technology and ideas shape Egypt's history How Individuals and movements have shaped Egypt how did the egyptain revolution in 1952 change society? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/40/Egyptian_Revolution_Flag_(1952-1958).jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1d/Nasser.jpg/220px-Nasser.jpg THANK YOU FOR LISTENING The idea/plan free officers, Nasser and Naguib came up with, to abdicate King Farouk allowed change in Egyptian government and culture
Anglo-Egyptian Treaty signed in 1936, undermined in 1951 and came back in 1954: (treaty removed Britain armed forces from Egypt and its occupation in Suez Canal.) Eliminated some British from Egyptian government and replaced by Egyptains Major Groups and People involved in the 1952 Egyptain Revolution People King Farouk- King of Egypt, last monarch that was corrupt by the British Free Officers- Lead by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the one who organized the coup against King Farouk Nasser - Leader of the Free Officers, and the second president of Egypt after Naguib
Naguib- first president Egypt, and led the 1952 revolution along with Nasser. King Farouk bad leadership decisions, made Egypt a corrupt, violent and inefficient country.
Nasser organizing the Free Officer Corp to take over King Farouk, changed Egyptian government, and society's moral.
Although Nasser did change many things for the better, he did make mistakes.(1967 war, Israel destroyed Egypt air forces)
Movements of riots, like Black Saturday sparked the revolution and the beginning of shaping Egypt The pattern of revolutions What were the costs and benefits of Egypt's economic choices Waging wars for the British
Egypt's monetary units and their production of goods was controlled by the British (Britain wanted the Egyptian resources(money,food, land and soldiers) monarchy -> republic How did the cultures and the cultural groups
shape Egypt's history after revolution, ideas of reform spread in Egypt
ex. all holdings limited to 200 Feddons (more than a acre) and 100 more if you had children :) Predicting revolutions aoi/patricia Egyptian People want more change and more rights No foreign control The Spark Issues Egypt - Black Saturday(January 1952) when a riot broke out and burned everything in Cairo French - Estates General Meeting (1789) when they locked out the 3rd estate Have one or more issues considered an issue by many people, or by powerful people Egypt - British control, weak military, many corrupted political parties
French - Famine in the 3rd estate , Deficit Spending, the 3 estates unequal Removing People who
don't agree with you Egypt - After King Farouk was abdicated RCC (Free Officer Corp) forced his followers out of Egypt
French - During reign of terror, Robespeirre killed anyone who didn't support his ideas, or had no opinions, new government, better economics, Belief and hope of people rose during revolution education growth, better employment in jobs how the themes and developments give meaning to egyptain history being freed from British power, was a big milestone in Egyptian history going from a monarchy to a republic was another big milestone in Egyptian history already had a civil war
has many issues (for example people living in refugee camps, they probably want their homes back, rebels want Assad to be gone)
a result of these issues they are having many riots
these riots are very dangerous and many people die Syria Syria wants peace as a overall goal in the future
Riots lead to revolutions, different perspective and thoughts lead to revolutions..right now Syria is has many riots
Egypt (Black Saturday) and France had riots that led to the revolution http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/nytmaps.pl?egypt http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_RPogO_Jeq_I/TUizQm0BOlI/AAAAAAAAAYI/S4oKQPNKEKc/s1600/Free+Officers%252C+1952.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_U_vpP7GD43k/S15MzFlAy6I/AAAAAAAAAg8/gAH0v1bC8ZQ/s400/shepheardsbefore.jpg Map Of Egypt Shepards Hotel Free Officer Corp Nasser Work Cited Cavendish, Richard. "The Abdication of King Farouk." History Today July 2002: 55. ProQuest 5000. Web. 3 Dec.2012.<http://search.proquest.com/docview/202815733/abstract?accountid=2426>.
Dubois, Shirley Graham. Gamal Abdel Nasser. New York: The Third Press, 1972. Print.
"Egyptian Coup." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/>.
"Farouk." World History: The Modern Era. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/317074?terms=farouk>.
Goldschmidt, Arthur. A Brief History of Egypt. New York: Facts on File, 2002.
"July Revolution." History Study Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://www.historystudycenter.com/search/>. workcited is needed from evreyone
Bradley, John R. Inside Egypt: The Land of the Pharaohs on the Brink of a Revolution. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Print.
Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Egypt: A Country Study. Ed. Helen Chapin Metz. Fifth ed. Washinton, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Lib of Congress, 1991. Print. Area Handbook 550-43.
Nasser, Gamal Abdul. Egypt's Liberation: The Philosophy of the Revolution. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs, 1955. Print.
Sauers, Richard. "Wafd Party." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/312226?terms=wafd+party>.
Wynn, Wilton. Nasser of Egypt: The Search for Dignity. Cambridge: Arlington Book, 1959. Print. Works CitedBraswell, Shaquann. "Preconditions, causes, and after math of the egyptian revolution of 1952." Histegypt.com. wikispaces, 6 Jan. 2007. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://Histegypt.wikispaces.com/>.Braziel, Jane Evans. "Background in 20th Century Egyptian History since 1952 revolution." http://www.umass.edu/. University of Cincinnati, 7 Feb. 2007. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://www.umass.edu/complit/aclanet/EGYPT.html>."Farouk" ["The Last Monarch of Egypt"]. World History The Modern Era. N.p., 3 Mar. 2012. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.worldhistroy.abc-clio.com/>.