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The Columbian Exchange

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by

Elizabeth Bennett

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of The Columbian Exchange

You live in a coastal town in Spain in the 1500s. This week, several ships have returned from the Americas, bringing silver for the royal court. But that's not all. The crew has also brought back some strange foods. One sailor offers you a round, red fruit. natives in the Americas call is a "tomatl," he tells you. He dares you to taste it, but you are afraid it might be poison. Will you taste the tomato?
Why or why not? if YOU were there... New fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes and potatoes looked very strange to Europeans in the 1500s. But new foods were only one part of a much larger exchange of products and ideas that resulted from the voyages of discovery. The exchange of plants, animals, and ideas between the New World (the Americas) and the Old World (Europe) is known as the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange In the Americas, the European explorers found many plants and animals that they had never seen before. When they returned home, they often brought these new findings with them. Europe also brought many of their own things to the New World, including:
- European language and culture
- Religion
- Guns and steel During this time, there were many different foods exchanged between the New World and the Old World. This changed the eating habits of people all over the globe. chapter 20, section 3 DISEASE ANIMALS PLANTS The Europeans introduced many new plants to the Americas including sugar cane. Colonists grew this sweet plant on plantations, or large farms.

They also took many important new
crops home to Europe, including:
Maize (American Corn) and Potatoes. from the horses
dogs
pigs
cattle turkeys
llamas
alpacas
guinea pigs OLD WORLD NEW WORLD from the chickens
sheep
goats
camels - A written alphabet
- New farming capabilities
- New firearm and weapon
capabilities
- Architectural Ingenuity TECHNOLOGY Common Old World Diseases included:
Smallpox
Measles
Malaria
Yellow fever
Influenza
Chicken Pox

Common New World
Diseases included:
Syphilis
Polio
Hepatitis
Encephalitis The exchange of products between European countries and their colonies changed economic relations around the world. European countries saw their colonies as a way to get rich. Mercantilism: a system in which government controls all economic activity in a country and its colonies to make the government stronger and richer.
Mercantilism was the main economic policy in Europe between 1500 and 1800. Mercantilism created new patterns of global trade and encouraged governments to do everything they could to get more and more gold. Increased trade created a need for banks.
The Dutch and English both opened their own banks at this time. At banks, merchants could trade money from one country for money from another and be certain that they were getting the proper value. The economic growth in Europe started to change businesses. They now started to make more manufactured goods. This was the beginning of capitalism.

Capitalism: an economic system in which individuals and private businesses run most industries. In a market economy, individuals decide what goods and services they will buy and sell. In this economy, there is a balance between supply and demand. If there is great demand for a product, a seller will increase the supply in order to make more money.
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