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Phoenician

By: Izzah, Chris and Yuri
by

Izzah Sufi

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Phoenician

Common Woman (Tanith)
High rank man (Coriander)
High rank priest (Balzer) WELCOME TO PHOENICIA CITY Religion Economy Government Trade Technology Division of Labor City
Fertile land between the sea and the Lebanon mountain
Mountain: natural barrier against foreign enemies
Sea: expanding trade
Byblos: great religious city
Tyre, Sidon: successful in business, and industry Political, administrative, economic, religious functions
Sacrifice: animals and children
Polytheistic
Fear of god’s keep religion in Phoenicia strong
Influenced religion’s such as Greek, Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Persian cultures Trade
Mediterranean Sea was their trading area: Long distance trade
Export: mainly Tyrian purple
Greeks traded in the Northern half of the Sea
Phoenicians traded in the Southern half king
vizier(s)
scribes
craftsmen
traders
middle class -exported mainly timber
wood, and dyed cloth

-limited natural resources

-Heavily dependent on trading partners -Cloth sail
-Trading ships that could carry 100 people
-Accidental discovery of glass
-Core-forming
-Glass blowing
-Exquisite designs Written Language Uncovered in 19th century
Base of many scripts including: Greek, Old Italic, Anatolian, Paleohispanic, modern Arabic, and Hebrew scripts
First phonogram script (Simple)

Disintegrated class divisions
Similarities and differences
Greek’s later adapted it adding vowels to create the alphabet we use today Sand Limestone Sodium Carbonate Monarchy
Individual city states with own government, and god
Never united as one THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! Holst, Sanford. Phoenician Secrets: Exploring the Ancient Mediterranean. Los Angeles, CA: Santorini, 2011. Print.

"The Phoenician Alphabet | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization." The Phoenician Alphabet | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. N.p., 2005. Web. 07 Nov. 2012.

<http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/flagship-project-activities/memory-of-the-world/register/full-list-of-registered-heritage/registered-heritage-page-8/the-phoenician-alphabet/>.

"Quest for the Phoenicians." National Geographic Education Video. National Geographic Society, 2004. Web. 07 Nov. 2012.

<http://www.natgeoeducationvideo.com/film/14/quest-for-the-phoenicians>.
Kos, Bruno. "How the Alphabet Came About: The History of the Phoenician Alphabet."Bright Hub Education. Ed. Kellie Hayden. N.p., 30 May 2012. Web. 07 Nov. 2012.

Khalif, Salim George. "Phoenicia, Phoenician Trade & Ships." Phoenicia, Phoenician Trade & Ships. Salim George KHALIF, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://phoenicia.org/trade.html>.

Lambert, Tim. "A History of The Phoenicians." A History of The Phoenicians. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.localhistories.org/phoenicians.html>.

"TimeMaps." The TimeMap of World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.timemaps.com/civilization/Phoenicians>.

"Ancient Phoenician Ships, Boats and Sea Trade." Ancient Phoenician Ships, Boats and Sea Trade. Sanford Holst, 2004. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www.phoenician.org/ancient_ships.htm>.

"Phoenicia- Phoenician Culture." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. N.p.: Columbia UP, 2000. Print.

"Specialization of Labor - World History For Kids - By KidsPast.com." Specialization of Labor - World History For Kids - By KidsPast.com. KidsKnowIt Network, 1998. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0026-specialization-of-labor.php>.

"Phoenicia." World Book 2005 Edition. 2005 ed. Vol. 15 P. North Michigan Avenue: World Book, 2005. 393-95. Print.

Khalif, Salim George. "Phoenician Glass." Phoenician Glass. Phoenician International Research Center, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012. <http://phoenicia.org/glass.html>.
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