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Battle of Leningrad

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by

Kimberly Goossen

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Battle of Leningrad

Battle of Leningrad The battle started in September 1941 and lasted until January 1944. The Russians were holding off the Germans beseiging the city of Leningrad for 900 days. The battle of Leningrad was fought in Leningrad which is now known as St. Petersburg in Russia On September 8, 1941 a German division surrounded Leningrad cutting off contact between the city and the outside. Adolf Hitler ordered the Army Group North to build a solid front around the city and starve it to death. The 3 million people in the city refused to surrendor and went through harships that increased in time. Food and fuel was limited to a 1-2 month supply. By the winter of 1941 and 1942, there was little food and the heating, water supply, and electricity were gone. In January of 1942, food supply was at its lowest with 125 grams of bread per person a day. Between January and February of 1942, 200,000 people died from starvation and cold in Leningrad. In January of 1943, the Siege was broken and a year later it was fully lifted. Over 641,000 people died in Leningrad because of the siege. Artillery bombardments in Leningrad started in 1941. The intensity of the bombs increased by 1942 because new equipment was arriving. The Luftwaffe (German Air force) used torpedos during night bombings. There was a route across Lake Ladoga that was used by the Red Army to bring supplies into Leningrad. The route was safe because it was secured by Ladoga Flotilla which was the Leningrad PVO Corps and route security troops. The route was called the "Road of Life" because it was the only route that was safe that connected Leningrad to the outside. Hundreds of thousands of people were evacuated on the "Road of Life" during the siege. To fight it, the Soviet Baltic Fleet aviation made over 100,000 air missions to support their military.
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