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United Nations

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Stuart Baird

on 17 October 2014

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Transcript of United Nations


A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health. They provide analysis and expertise, serve as early warning mechanisms and help monitor and implement international agreements. Their relationship with offices and agencies of the United Nations system differs depending on their goals, their venue and the mandate of a particular institution.

International Cooperation

One conflict involving the United Nations is The Conflict between Ukraine and Russia.
The EU association agreement was long sought by Ukrainians who want their country to turn westward and out of Russia's sphere of influence. After then-President Viktor Yanukovych shelved the deal last year, protests broke out that eventually spiralled into violence and led to Yanukovych fleeing the country.

European Union

A group of European countries that participates in the world economy as one economic unit and operates under one official currency, the euro. The EU's goal is to create a barrier-free trade zone and to enhance economic wealth by creating more efficiency within its marketplace.

The EU has delivered half a century of peace, stability and prosperity, helped raise living standards, and launched a single European currency, the euro.

Thanks to the abolition of border controls between EU countries, people can travel freely throughout most of the continent. And it's become much easier to live and work abroad in Europe.

As a global actor, the EU promotes integration as a means to support peace and prosperity and to overcome conflicts around the world.

To this end peacebuilding and conflict prevention are at the heart of the action of the EEAS. The EU aims to ‘promote peace, its values and the well-being of its peoples’ (TEU Art 3(1) as amended by the Lisbon Treaty) and to ‘preserve peace, prevent conflicts and strengthen international security. The EU plays an important role in promoting and establishing peace as it is the world's largest trading partner and aid donor, a key contributor to international organisations, a significant provider of security in its own right and in cooperation with key strategic partners.

The EU is employing its wide array of external assistance instruments in support of conflict prevention and peacebuilding efforts. Annual commitments make the EU one of the major donors in this area.

European Union
UN peacekeeping has also made a real difference in other places with recently completed or on-going operations such as Sierra Leone, Burundi, Cote d’Ivoire, Timor-Leste, Liberia, Haiti and Kosovo. By providing basic security guarantees and responding to crises, these UN operations have supported political transitions and helped buttress fragile new state institutions. They have helped countries to close the chapter of conflict and open a path to normal development, even if major peacebuilding challenges remain.

United Nations
POLITICAL - NATO promotes democratic values and encourages consultation and cooperation on defense and security issues to build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.
MILITARY - NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military capacity needed to undertake crisis-management operations. These are carried out under Article 5 of the Washington Treaty - NATO’s founding treaty - or under a UN mandate, alone or in cooperation with other countries and international organizations.

NATO provides a unique opportunity for member countries to consult and take decisions on security issues at all levels and in a variety of fields.
A “NATO decision” is the expression of the collective will of all 28 member countries since all decisions are taken by consensus.
Each day, hundreds of civilian and military experts and officials come to NATO HQs to exchange information, share ideas and help prepare decisions when needed, in cooperation with national delegations and the staff at NATO HQs.

NATO can be determined as successful because it’s been in many countries to help with serious issues like in Bosnia, and Afghanistan. It attempts to help people worldwide. In Afghanistan for instance, it offered full security and provided long term financial sustainment for forces.
NATO’s primary objective in Afghanistan is to enable the Afghan authorities to provide effective security across the country and ensure that the country can never again be a safe haven for terrorists. Since August 2003, the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) has been conducting security operations, while also training and developing the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). ISAF was established on the basis of a request for assistance by the Afghan authorities and under a United Nations (UN) mandate.

NATO conducted its first major crisis response operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The NATO-led Implementation Force (IFOR) was deployed in December 1995 to implement the military aspects of the Dayton Peace Agreement and was replaced a year later by the NATO-led Stabilisation Force (SFOR). SFOR helped to maintain a secure environment and facilitate the country’s reconstruction in the wake of the 1992-1995 war.

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on October 24, 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict.

Non-Governmental Organizations
Agency For International Trade, Information and Cooperation

There is a Geneva based organisation known as the Agency for International Trade Information and Cooperation. This is an intergovernmental organization that is set up to help countries that are less advantaged than others. Some countries are small enough that they are not recognized by Geneva. These countries are also sometimes so poor they cannot afford Geneva representation. They don’t know how things change when it comes to the trade industry. The AITIC helps them out by teaching them the new trade technicalities which can help the poor and less advantaged countries to be able to start up trading with other countries. Trade can be a big boost to a country.


The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. It is located in New York City and includes 193 member countries not including Vatican City, Kosovo, Taiwan.
The UN resolves some territorial disputes and creates international structures for areas such as postal mail, aviation, and opium control.

The farthest the United Nations will go is to discuss plans for war and help collect troops from other countries to fight for it, but the UN does not technically have an army so they can only negotiate and make treaties with other nations, they can not actually go to war.
Finally, the UN does not control any territory individually, but they can control who they trade with, and how countries are treated by included nations.
Successes and Failures of the UN
Success- Settling the Swedish-Finnish dispute, guaranteeing the security of Albania, rescuing Austria from economic disaster, settling the division of Upper Silesia, preventing the outbreak of war in the Balkans between Greece and Bulgaria.

Failure- Terrorism, Nuclear Proliferation, Sri Lanka, Srebrenica Massacre, The Cold War, Darfur, Rwanda

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